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Bridgewater Academy - The Landscape of K-12 Online Learning


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Barbour, M. K. (2011, September). The landscape of K-12 online learning. An invited presentation to Bridgewater Academy, Rock Rapids, IA.

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Bridgewater Academy - The Landscape of K-12 Online Learning

  1. 1. The Landscape ofK-12 Online Learning Michael K. Barbour Assistant Professor Wayne State University
  2. 2. AbstractThis session will examine the current state ofK-12 online learning in the United States.Based on information from the InternationalAssociation for K-12 Online Learning, alongwith the annual Keeping Pace with K-12Online Learning reports and other historicaldocuments, this session will trace the growthand development of K-12 online learningactivity and policy over the past two decades.
  3. 3. History of K-12 Distance Education
  4. 4. Correspondence Education• British Columbia (Canada) in 1919• The Correspondence School (New Zealand) in 1922• University of Nebraska- Lincoln (United States) in 1929
  5. 5. Educational Radio• Used extensively in mid-western United States (1929 – Ohio / 1931 – Wisconsin) and Australia (1948)• Still in use today in many African nations
  6. 6. Instructional Television• Matured in the United States with the Midwest Program on Airborne Television Instruction in 1961• Used primarily as a supplement to traditional face-to-face teaching
  7. 7. Audiographics/Telematics• Used extensively in Australia and Canada• Pre-cursor to computer-based distance education
  8. 8. Online Learning
  9. 9. History of K-12 Online Learning in the North America
  10. 10. United States
  11. 11. Describing Primary & Secondary Online Learning
  12. 12. Models of Primary & Secondary OnlineLearning
  13. 13. Model of Supplemental Online Learning (Davis, 2007)
  14. 14. Model of Full-Time Online Learning
  15. 15. Three Roles of Teachers in Online LearningVirtual School Designer: Course Development•design instructional materials•works in team with teachers and a virtualschool to construct the online course, etc.Virtual School Teacher: Pedagogy & Class Management•presents activities, manages pacing, rigor,etc.•interacts with students and their facilitators•undertakes assessment, grading, etc.Virtual School Site Facilitator: Mentoring & Advocating•local mentor and advocate for student(s)•proctors & records grades, etc. Davis (2007)
  16. 16. Canada(Barbour, 2010)
  17. 17. Canada• In British Columbia the funding follows the student• If a student between Grades 10 and 12 wanted to take six courses in a regular school and two courses through a DL school, the Ministry would fund: – the regular school 6 times 0.125 FTE – the DL school 2 times 0.125 FTE – the regular school may claim one funded support block per student per year
  18. 18. Canada
  19. 19. New Zealand e-Learning Cluster Map + Te Kura The Correspondence School nationwide of Education, 2008)
  20. 20. 20th century Virtual SchoolingNew Zealand video conference class e.g. Two Iowa high school classes connected via ICN 20th century approach to e- learning ? (Davis et al)
  21. 21. VLN Video Conferencing (Joel Dodd teaching in TaraNet)
  22. 22. South Korea 24
  23. 23. South Korea 25
  24. 24. South Korea
  25. 25. Singapore
  26. 26. Singapore
  27. 27. YourQuestions andComments
  28. 28. Assistant Professor Wayne State University, USA http://www.michaelbarbour.com