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DLAC 2019 - State Of The Nation: K-12 e-Learning In Canada

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Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. L. (2019, April). State of The nation: K-12 e-learning in Canada. A poster presentation at the Digital Learning Annual Conference, Austin, TX.

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DLAC 2019 - State Of The Nation: K-12 e-Learning In Canada

  1. 1. Introduction In the introduction to the 2006 worldwide survey of departments of education the North American Council for Online Learning (later the International Association for K-12 Online Learning or iNACOL) indicated that “research has been done on several virtual schools in North America; however, little information is available about current K-12 e-learning initiatives across the world” (Powell & Patrick, 2006, p. 1). At the time, based on the literature on K-12 e-learning a slightly revised quote could also have accurately apply to North America – ‘research has been done on several virtual schools in the United States; however, little information is available about current K-12 e-learning initiatives in the rest of North America.’ When the State of the Nation: K-12 e-Learning in Canada was first published in 2008, the vast majority of literature and research about K-12 e-learning was still focused on the United States. This annual study was the first of many steps that researchers took, and are continuing to take, to address the lack of information about K-12 e-learning in Canada. Materials and methods The goals of this study are to address the following questions: 1. How is K-12 distance, online, and blended learning governed in each province, territory, and federally? 2. What is the level of K-12 distance, online, and blended learning activity occurring in each province, territory, and federally? Nature of Regulation Types of Programs Distance & Online Learning Participation Blended Learning Participation Key Takeaways • the data for participation in distance and online learning has been getting better each year • the data for blended learning is unreliable and represents only a poor estimate • Ontario (ON) has the highest number of students participating in distance and online learning, but ON is also the most populated province • British Columbia (BC) has the highest per capita student involvement in distance and online learning • BC and Nova Scotia are the most regulated • BC also has funding policy specific to distributed learning (i.e., distance and online learning) • ON funds e-learning course content and the technology for online access to the courses; but school boards are expected to manage programs • provinces and territories with a smaller K-12 populations (i.e., Northern and Eastern regions) tend to offer one centralized provincial program either run by their Ministry of Education or contracted to a school authority • ON, Saskatchewan, and BC have primarily district based programs; while Québec, Manitoba, and Alberta have a mix of provincial and school district programs • most of the e-learning programs have a success or completion rate comparable to regular school programs • blended learning models are becoming more prevalent; either as school-based support for e-learning students who are primarily at a distance or as part of a shift for classroom-based teachers to include e-learning courses and online environments as part of school-based student’s learning program Michael K. Barbour, Touro University California – mkbarbour@gmail.com Randy LaBonte, Canadian eLearning Network – rlabonte@canelearn.net Recent Reports Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2018). State of the nation: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. LaBonte, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). An overview of elearning organizations and practices in Canada. In K. Kennedy & R.E. Ferdig (Eds.), Handbook of research on K-12 online and blended learning (2nd ed., pp. 601-616). Pittsburgh, PA: ETC Press. Barbour, M. K. (2018). Funding and resourcing of distributed learning in Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Barbour, M. K. (2017). Working conditions for K-12 distance & online learning teachers in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E- Learning Network.. Further information Project Website – https://k12sotn.ca CANeLearn – https://canelearn.net

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