Routes Of Administration Of Medications

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Routes Of Administration Of Medications

  1. 1. Routes of administration of medications MPS 102
  2. 2. How are medications administered <ul><li>Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Topical </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation </li></ul><ul><li>Rectal </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal </li></ul><ul><li>Injection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subcutaneous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intradermal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intramuscular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intravenous </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why choose a particular route? <ul><li>Antacid oesophagus/stomach/intestine </li></ul><ul><li>Topical skin/eye </li></ul><ul><li>liquid, ointment, cream </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal Pessaries; Infection/induction </li></ul><ul><li>Rectal Haemorrhoid treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Drops oral/eye/ear </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation Liquid/powder </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Asthma medication </li></ul>For a local effect -- direct effect in particular area
  4. 4. Why choose a particular route? <ul><li>For a systemic effect </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rectal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Topical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intradermal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subcutaneous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intramuscular </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intravenous </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why choose a particular route? <ul><li>Speed of absorption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IV quickest, direct into the circulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral may be slow, depends on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stomach contents. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>.Duration of effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral or intramuscular can be slow release for a more prolonged effect over a period of time. </li></ul></ul>

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