EDUC605 Lit Review-Presentation


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EDUC605 Lit Review-Presentation

  1. 1. Enhancing EFL instruction through mobile learning<br />Mohammed Nour<br />EDUC605<br />July 19, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Contents<br />Mobile learning (m-learning) explained<br />m-learning vs. e-learning<br />Focus of studies<br />Common themes (6)<br />Questions<br />
  3. 3. Mobile learning (m-learning) explained<br />“learning mediated via handheld devices and available anytime, anywhere”*<br />Video: Mobile learning (<br />*(Kukulska-Hulme and Shield, 2008, p. 273)<br />
  4. 4. m-learning vs. e-learning<br /> m-learning is an extension of e-learning<br />Image: Flexible learning model*<br />*(Brown, 2004)<br />
  5. 5. Focus of studies<br />EFL (as opposed to ESL)<br />where most research has been done<br />where my experience is applicable<br />Mobile phones (as opposed to other devices)<br />widespread use across the world<br />inclusive of numerous functions and features<br />
  6. 6. Theme #1: Access to education<br />What?/Why?<br />access to new learning opportunities<br />provide equal access for all learners<br />Example: <br />Wireless access protocol (WAP) site in Korea<br />listening materials provided via a WAP site<br />
  7. 7. Theme #2: Active learning<br />What?/Why?<br />learning is a more active (rather than passive) experience<br />students are more engaged<br />Example: <br />Real-time learning in China<br />live polls during lectures<br />
  8. 8. Theme #3: Constructive learning<br />What?/Why?<br />learning occurs by building upon previous knowledge<br />reflection and transfer are encouraged <br />Example: <br />SMS texting research in Turkey<br />vocabulary words sent with increasing difficulty<br />
  9. 9. Theme #4: Informal learning<br />What?/Why?<br />learning can happen “anytime and anywhere”*<br />the classroom walls are extended<br />Example: <br />MP3 device use in the UK<br />students incorporate devices into personal activities<br />*(Cavus et al., 2009, p. 81)<br />
  10. 10. Theme #5: Student/Teacher attitudes<br />Current scenario<br />students find traditional EFL instruction boring <br />teachers complain about lack of student interest<br />Example: <br />SMS texting study in Bangladesh<br />students are motivated by m-learning opportunities<br />teachers are interested, but apprehensive<br />
  11. 11. Theme #6: Student achievement<br />Current scenario<br />problems with retention of concepts<br />cannot apply instruction to real-life situations<br />Example:<br />Mobile email and video site in Japan<br />results nearly double vs. paper/web-based instruction<br />video samples aid on quiz scores <br />
  12. 12. Questions<br />???<br />
  13. 13. References<br />Begum, R. (2011). Prospect for Cell Phones as Instructional Tools in the EFL Classroom: A Case Study of Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. English Language Teaching, 4(1), 105-115. Retrieved from<br />Brown, T. (2004). The role of m-learning in the future of e-learning in Africa. In D. Murphy, R. Carr, J. Taylor & W. Tat-meng (Eds.), Distance education and technology: Issues and practice (pp. 197 - 216). Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from<br />Cavus, N., & Ibrahim, D. (2009). m-Learning: An experiment in using SMS to support learning new English language words. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(1), 78-91. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00801<br />Kukulska- Hulme, A. & Shield, L. (2008). An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction: Recall 20(3), 271-289. doi: 10.1017/S0958344008000335<br />Nah, K.C., White, P., & Sussex, R. (2008). The potential of using a mobile phone to Access the Internet for learning EFL listening skills within a Korean context. ReCALL, 20(3), 331-347. doi:10.1017/S0958344008000633 <br />Ros I Solé, C., Calic, J., & Neijmann, D. (2010). A social and self-reflective approach to MALL. ReCALL, 22(1), 39-52. doi:10.1017/S0958344009990188<br />Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2005). Using mobile phones in English education in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21(3), 217-228. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2005.00129<br />Wang, M., Shen, R., Novak, D., & Pan, X. (2009). The impact of mobile learning on students' learning behaviours and performance: Report from a large blended classroom. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(4), 673-695. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00846<br />