Mobile-assisted Language Learning

Promising Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning
 Jatin Kapadiya
 Gaurav Gohil
...
Lot’s of
DEBATE

 Researchers’ perspectives:

WHAT IS MOBILE IN MOBILE LEARNING?
Learner?

Device?

(orientation/ needs/w...
Kukulska-Hulme & Traxler, 2005:

“the possibilities opened up by portable,
lightweight devices that are … small enough to ...
Sharples et al. (2005)
“[it] is the learner that is mobile, rather than the
technology” (p3).
 Defining characteristics:
 Personalized



Situated

 Authentic



Informal

 Mobile



Continuous

 Portable


...
Simple definition
A mode of learning which takes place using content or
interaction affordances facilitated by mobile devi...
An approach to language learning that is
assisted or enhanced through the use of
handheld mobile devices
Subset of mobile ...
1. Mobile device and network ubiquity:

90%
of the people on earth are covered by mobile phone
network.
Colley et. all. (2...
1. Mobile device and network ubiquity:

85%
of mobile phones shipped worldwide by 2011 will have an
Colley et al. (2010)
I...
1. Mobile device and network ubiquity:

(Generation Y)
downloaded the most of the commercial or free applications
download...
2. Our learners – real life:
 All own cellphones and most of them own smartphones
 Motivated towards the technology (POS...
3. Research:
We need to re-conceptualize learning for the mobile age.
Sharples et al. (2005)

Mobile learning in general i...
3. Research:
Equip educators at individual and institutional levels
with appropriate designs for learning that can cope wi...
2. What if we as educators just ignored
this new mode of learning?
Failing to do so, will only result in widening the gap
...
Advantages:
 Learner driven and centered

 Potential for learner autonomy

 Relatively cheap technology

 Encourages a...
Some Examples
 Educational Apps
 eBooks and eLibraries
 Social media
 Informal learning activities
 Course Management...
Educational Apps
 on the rise
 Leading app producers
 Augmented reality affordances
 Mostly for free
 Easy to use
 C...
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF
MALL
Educational Apps


What is the downside?

Apps from Unreliable sources



Trial Apps



...
Apps
Exemplary language learning apps
 QR Codes
What are QR Codes?
• Quick Response Code
• Optical labels readable by smartphone
software

Powerful teaching/le...
 QR Codes
QR Code Generators

QR Code Scanners
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF
MALL
 QR Codes
Both a QR Code Generator and Scanner
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF
MALL
 QR Codes

How can they be used for language learning?/teaching?


Apps



Text



Web
...
 QR Codes - Example

Mobile app

Convert
link to QR
Code

Students
scan app to
their
smartphone

App gets downloaded
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF
MALL
 QR Code – Try it now!
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF
MALL
 QR Codes – Learn more
 Planners: initiate and administer learning schemes,

offer opportunities, set policies, rules and regulation
 Guides/fa...
 Teacher resistance
 Alignment of mobile learning with theoretical frameworks
 Technology-driven materials and practice...
MALL on wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_Assisted_Language_Learning
Mobile learning portal:
http://www.mobil...
MLEARNING AND MALL
RESOURCES
Apple Education:
http://www.apple.com/education/apps/
Mobile Learning: An online reflective j...
Beethan, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2007). Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age:
Designing and delivering e-learning. Lond...
Dias, A. Carvalho, L., Keegan, D. Kismihok, G., Mileva, N., Nix, J., & Rekkedal. T
(2008). An Introduction to Mobile Learn...
Hartman, G. DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2011). Cross-platform mobile development.
Retrieved August 27th, 2011, from http://ww...
Kukulska-Hulme. A., and Shield, Lesley (2008). An overview of mobile assisted
language learning: From content delivery to ...
Naismith, L., Lonsdale, P., Vavoula, G. and Sharples, M. (2004) Literature Review in
Mobile Technologies and Learning, Rep...
Sharples, M. (ed.) (2006). Big issues in mobile learning. Report of a workshop by
the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence M...


Online journal that an
individual can continuously
update with his or her own
words, ideas, and thoughts
through softwa...
QR Code
Link it to a website..

THANK YOU
MALL
MALL
MALL
MALL
MALL
MALL
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

MALL

579 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
579
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

MALL

  1. 1. Mobile-assisted Language Learning Promising Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning  Jatin Kapadiya  Gaurav Gohil  Bharat Bharwad
  2. 2. Lot’s of DEBATE  Researchers’ perspectives: WHAT IS MOBILE IN MOBILE LEARNING? Learner? Device? (orientation/ needs/wants)? (technology)? Content? ( cloud computing)?
  3. 3. Kukulska-Hulme & Traxler, 2005: “the possibilities opened up by portable, lightweight devices that are … small enough to fit in a pocket or the palm of one’s hand. Typical examples are mobile phones … smartphones, palmtops and PDAs; Tablet PCs, laptop computers and personal media players” Cameras, data storage devices
  4. 4. Sharples et al. (2005) “[it] is the learner that is mobile, rather than the technology” (p3).
  5. 5.  Defining characteristics:  Personalized  Situated  Authentic  Informal  Mobile  Continuous  Portable  Collaborative  Spontaneous  Ubiquitous
  6. 6. Simple definition A mode of learning which takes place using content or interaction affordances facilitated by mobile devices such as cellphones, mp3 players, notebooks, hand-held mini computers, PDAs, cameras, data storage devices and a number of other portable devices
  7. 7. An approach to language learning that is assisted or enhanced through the use of handheld mobile devices Subset of mobile learning and CALL
  8. 8. 1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: 90% of the people on earth are covered by mobile phone network. Colley et. all. (2010) 41% of users have more than one mobile device. The Oracle report (Yu Vespi and Hazen, 2010)
  9. 9. 1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: 85% of mobile phones shipped worldwide by 2011 will have an Colley et al. (2010) Internet browser on them. Near Future: between 2010 – 2015 Web access via mobile will exceed desktop Web access. (Colley et al. 2010).
  10. 10. 1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: (Generation Y) downloaded the most of the commercial or free applications downloaded by all mobile users. What about the developing world? (Colley et al. 2010) “In most African countries Internet usage via cellphones is growing: not by 10 or 20 %, but by several hundred percent yearon-year.” (Colley et al. 2010)
  11. 11. 2. Our learners – real life:  All own cellphones and most of them own smartphones  Motivated towards the technology (POSITIVE)  Geared to learn informally  Suggesting mobile-based materials  Already into mobile learning  ARE CREATING mobile learning Content
  12. 12. 3. Research: We need to re-conceptualize learning for the mobile age. Sharples et al. (2005) Mobile learning in general is inevitable in the coming years. (Kukulska-Hulme 2006)
  13. 13. 3. Research: Equip educators at individual and institutional levels with appropriate designs for learning that can cope with and work well for new generations of learners who take the use of sophisticated technology for granted. ( Beethan & Sharpe, 2007)
  14. 14. 2. What if we as educators just ignored this new mode of learning? Failing to do so, will only result in widening the gap between educators’ ideas about learning and those of their students (Kukulska-Hulme & Jones, 2011).
  15. 15. Advantages:  Learner driven and centered  Potential for learner autonomy  Relatively cheap technology  Encourages and facilitates peer  Very cheap or totally free content interaction  Integrates real life into learning  Portable  Easy content creation  Ubiquitous  eBooks etc.  Still new and fashionable http://www.teachthought.com/technology/reasons-to-use-tablets-in-the-21st-century-classroom
  16. 16. Some Examples  Educational Apps  eBooks and eLibraries  Social media  Informal learning activities  Course Management Systems: Moodle for mobile  Course administration  Audio, video , picture  The power of QR Codes
  17. 17. Educational Apps  on the rise  Leading app producers  Augmented reality affordances  Mostly for free  Easy to use  Choice  User reviews
  18. 18. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL Educational Apps  What is the downside? Apps from Unreliable sources  Trial Apps  Data Usage  Low quality  Finding them
  19. 19. Apps Exemplary language learning apps
  20. 20.  QR Codes What are QR Codes? • Quick Response Code • Optical labels readable by smartphone software Powerful teaching/learning tools on smartphones
  21. 21.  QR Codes QR Code Generators QR Code Scanners
  22. 22. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL  QR Codes Both a QR Code Generator and Scanner
  23. 23. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL  QR Codes How can they be used for language learning?/teaching?  Apps  Text  Web links  Course administration  Classroom activities and quizzes  Video Advantage: Do not always require Internet access.
  24. 24.  QR Codes - Example Mobile app Convert link to QR Code Students scan app to their smartphone App gets downloaded
  25. 25. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL  QR Code – Try it now!
  26. 26. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL  QR Codes – Learn more
  27. 27.  Planners: initiate and administer learning schemes, offer opportunities, set policies, rules and regulation  Guides/facilitators: appropriate materials – apps, sites etc. Facilitate work of leaners as needed  Resource: offer resources and encourage students to explore  Tech support  LISTENERS: to students’ needs and wants
  28. 28.  Teacher resistance  Alignment of mobile learning with theoretical frameworks  Technology-driven materials and practices  Institutional rules  Cultural appropriateness  Cost  Privacy  Access to network  Cross platform compatibility
  29. 29. MALL on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_Assisted_Language_Learning Mobile learning portal: http://www.mobilelearningportal.org/contentview/journals Journal of technology for ELT: https://sites.google.com/site/journaloftechnologyforelt/archive/april2011/mobil eassistedlanguagelearning EDUCAUSE REVIEW ONLINE: https://sites.google.com/site/journaloftechnologyforelt/archive/april2011/mobileas sistedlanguagelearning
  30. 30. MLEARNING AND MALL RESOURCES Apple Education: http://www.apple.com/education/apps/ Mobile Learning: An online reflective journal on Mobile learning practices: http://mlearning.edublogs.org/2006/08/14/immersive-situated-learning/ Top 50 mearning Resources: http://www.slideshare.net/UpsideLearning/top-50mlearningmobilelearningresources
  31. 31. Beethan, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2007). Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age: Designing and delivering e-learning. London, UK: RoutledgeFalmer. Chinnery,G. (2006). Emerging technologies. Going to mall: mobile assisted language learning. Language Learning and Technology, 10(1), 19-16 C olley, J., DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2010). What in the World are you doing with your mobile phone? World differences in the use of mobiles. Retrieved August 27, 2011, from http://www.mole-project.net/ Colley, J., DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2010). Future trends in mobile use. Retrieved Aujust 27th, 2011, from http://www.mole-project.net/images/documents/deliverables/global_mobile_trends.pdf
  32. 32. Dias, A. Carvalho, L., Keegan, D. Kismihok, G., Mileva, N., Nix, J., & Rekkedal. T (2008). An Introduction to Mobile Learning. Retrieved 25th July, 2011, from http://www.ericsson.com/ericsson/corpinfo/programs/the_role_of_mobile_learning _in_european_education/products/wp/socrates_wp1_english.pdf Geddes, S. (2004). Mobile learning in the 21st century: Benefit for learners. Knowledge Tree e-journal. Retrieved August 9th, 2011, from https://olt.qut.edu.au/udf/OLTCONFERENCEPAPERS/gen/static/papers/Cobcroft_O LT2006_paper.pdf.
  33. 33. Hartman, G. DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2011). Cross-platform mobile development. Retrieved August 27th, 2011, from http://www.moleproject.net/images/documents/deliverables/WP4_crossplatform_mobile_developme nt_March2011.pdf Ismail, I., Baharum, H., & Idrus, R.M. (2010). Simplistic is the ingredient for mobile learning. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 4(3), 4 – 8) retrieved July 25th, 2011, from http://online-journals.org/i-jim/issue/view/85 Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes and Jones, Chris (2011). The next generation: design and the infrastructure for learning in a mobile and networked world. In: Olofsson, A. D. and Lindberg, J. Ola eds. Informed Design of Educational Technologies in Higher Education: Enhanced Learning and Teaching. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference (an Imprint of IGI Global), pp. 57–78.
  34. 34. Kukulska-Hulme. A., and Shield, Lesley (2008). An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction. ReCALL, 20(3), pp. 271–289. Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2006). Mobile language learning now and in the future. In: Svensson, Patrik ed. Fr°an vision till praktik: Spr°akutbildning och Informationsteknik (From vision to practice: language learning and IT). Sweden: Swedish Net University (N¨atuniversitetet), pp. 295–310. Mirland, M. (2006). How should learning activities using mobile technologies be designed to support innovative educational practices?. In M. Sharples (ed.) (2006) Big issues in mobile learning. Report of a workshop by the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence Mobile Learning Initiative. University of Nottingham, UK. (p.27 - 29) Retrieved July 9th, 2011, from http://mlearning.noekaleidoscope.org/repository/BigIssues.pdf  
  35. 35. Naismith, L., Lonsdale, P., Vavoula, G. and Sharples, M. (2004) Literature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning, Report 11 for Futurelab, Retrieved September 10, 2011, from http://www.futurelab.org.uk/sites/default/files/Mobile_Technologies_and_Learning_ review.pdf
  36. 36. Sharples, M. (ed.) (2006). Big issues in mobile learning. Report of a workshop by the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence Mobile Learning Initiative. University of Nottingham, UK. Retrieved July 9th, 2011, from http://mlearning.noekaleidoscope.org/repository/BigIssues.pdf Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2005). Using mobile phones in English education in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (21), 217-228 Yu Vespi, C., & Hazen, J (2010). Opportunity Calling: The future of Mobile communications. Retrieved August 27th, 2011, from http://www.oracle.com/us/industries/communications/oracle-communicationsmobile-report-170802.pdf
  37. 37.  Online journal that an individual can continuously update with his or her own words, ideas, and thoughts through software that enables one to easily do so (Campbell, 2003).
  38. 38. QR Code Link it to a website.. THANK YOU

×