Synchronous Communication  Tools in EFL Online Learning  in China Guoqiang Cui The University of Southern Mississippi July...
Opportunities and Challenges <ul><li>Online learning is developing at a faster speed  </li></ul><ul><li>Creative, happy, p...
Synchronous Communication and tools <ul><li>communication that happens at the same time, immediately, a give-and-take </li...
Telephone <ul><li>The most popular tool people would use to have the immediate conversation with others </li></ul><ul><li>...
MSN/Yahoo Messenger   <ul><li>Free program for all kinds of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Have their user account and in...
ICQ (I Seek You) <ul><li>Personal communication tool  </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up for a free account and install </li></ul><...
Skype <ul><li>One of the most popular online voice communication tool </li></ul><ul><li>Free software/free account  </li><...
Chat room   <ul><li>Online forum or community </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time online chat </li></ul><ul><li>Instant messaging ...
Video/audio conference <ul><li>A whole set of telecommunications technologies to connect people from different locations <...
EFL Teaching and Learning in China
Students’ passion and interest in EFL learning <ul><li>Entrance of the WTO and the coming of 2008 Olympic Games </li></ul>...
Distant learning and technology development <ul><li>The CERNET (China Education and Research Network), connects 900 univer...
Problem in EFL online course <ul><li>Language is communication  </li></ul><ul><li>Unbalanced emphasis on language skills <...
Integration <ul><li>English learning’s special requirements and features </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive language skills <...
Reading and Writing <ul><li>Chat to know foreigners and learn another foreign culture </li></ul><ul><li>Writing while read...
Listening and speaking <ul><li>Skills easily overlooked in the online course  </li></ul><ul><li>Listening while chatting <...
Issues to Consider <ul><li>Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Technical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul>
Conclusion <ul><li>EFL online teaching and learning will have its great potentials in China </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous ...
References <ul><li>Haefner, J. (2000). Opinion: The importance of being synchronous.  AcademicWriting . Retrieved June 15,...
<ul><li>Salomon, G. (2000). E-Moderating: The key to teaching and learning online. London: Kogan Page. </li></ul><ul><li>W...
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Synchronous Communication Tools in EFL Online Learning in China

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Application of synchronous communication tools in EFL online courses

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  • Synchronous Communication Tools in EFL Online Learning in China

    1. 1. Synchronous Communication Tools in EFL Online Learning in China Guoqiang Cui The University of Southern Mississippi July 22, 2008
    2. 2. Opportunities and Challenges <ul><li>Online learning is developing at a faster speed </li></ul><ul><li>Creative, happy, productive and relevant place for successful learning </li></ul><ul><li>EFL (English as a Foreign Language) course has its unique feature and requirement for synchronous communication </li></ul>
    3. 3. Synchronous Communication and tools <ul><li>communication that happens at the same time, immediately, a give-and-take </li></ul><ul><li>Text based and the audio or video based tools </li></ul><ul><li>more tools are integrated with all the audio, video and text functions </li></ul>
    4. 4. Telephone <ul><li>The most popular tool people would use to have the immediate conversation with others </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phones with SMS, MMS functions </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone conference </li></ul>
    5. 5. MSN/Yahoo Messenger <ul><li>Free program for all kinds of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Have their user account and install the software </li></ul><ul><li>instant messaging </li></ul><ul><li>video call </li></ul>
    6. 6. ICQ (I Seek You) <ul><li>Personal communication tool </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up for a free account and install </li></ul><ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul><ul><li>PC-to-PC or PC-to-phone calls </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple-user conference </li></ul>
    7. 7. Skype <ul><li>One of the most popular online voice communication tool </li></ul><ul><li>Free software/free account </li></ul><ul><li>PC-to-PC call </li></ul><ul><li>Call land lines and receive calls </li></ul><ul><li>Video conferencing </li></ul>
    8. 8. Chat room <ul><li>Online forum or community </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time online chat </li></ul><ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Audio or even video discussion </li></ul>
    9. 9. Video/audio conference <ul><li>A whole set of telecommunications technologies to connect people from different locations </li></ul><ul><li>Live support for students in remote locations </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated with computers, microphones, cameras, speakers, etc. </li></ul>
    10. 10. EFL Teaching and Learning in China
    11. 11. Students’ passion and interest in EFL learning <ul><li>Entrance of the WTO and the coming of 2008 Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>Universities and colleges requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Springing up of training centers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Distant learning and technology development <ul><li>The CERNET (China Education and Research Network), connects 900 universities in 100 cities with 1 million computers </li></ul><ul><li>in total 2.94 million computers, 10,000 schools have their own campus networks </li></ul><ul><li>Life-long educational system with Chinese characteristics which is diverse in its norms, levels, forms and functions. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Problem in EFL online course <ul><li>Language is communication </li></ul><ul><li>Unbalanced emphasis on language skills </li></ul><ul><li>No adequate equipment or software </li></ul>
    14. 14. Integration <ul><li>English learning’s special requirements and features </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive language skills </li></ul><ul><li>Online interaction and communication in EFL course </li></ul>
    15. 15. Reading and Writing <ul><li>Chat to know foreigners and learn another foreign culture </li></ul><ul><li>Writing while reading </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers post questions and students reply </li></ul>
    16. 16. Listening and speaking <ul><li>Skills easily overlooked in the online course </li></ul><ul><li>Listening while chatting </li></ul><ul><li>Live lecture and communication </li></ul>
    17. 17. Issues to Consider <ul><li>Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Technical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul>
    18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>EFL online teaching and learning will have its great potentials in China </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous communication tools will make online EFL online course more interesting and effective </li></ul>
    19. 19. References <ul><li>Haefner, J. (2000). Opinion: The importance of being synchronous. AcademicWriting . Retrieved June 15, 2008, from http://wac.colostate.edu/aw/teaching/haefner2000.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Hofsoy, M. B. (2001). Network-Based EFL: Motivational Aspects of Using Networked Computers in the EFL Classroom . Retrieved June 18, 2008, from http://www.ub.uib.no/elpub/2001/h/501001/Hovedoppgave.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Klein, W. (1986). Second Language Acquisition (pp. 146-167). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Patterson, P.P., Petit, C., & Williams, S. (2007). Conducting telephone conference IEPs. TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus, 3(5), Article 3. Retrieved June 18, 2008, from http://escholarship.bc.edu/education/tecplus/vol3/iss5/art3 </li></ul><ul><li>Rao, P. (2007). Skype as a Language-learning Tool. Retrieved July 15, 2008, from http://media.www.gwhatchet.com/media/storage/paper332/news/2007/01/29/Life/Skype.As.A.LanguageLearning.Tool-2682418.shtml </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Salomon, G. (2000). E-Moderating: The key to teaching and learning online. London: Kogan Page. </li></ul><ul><li>Wan, S. & Eva, L. (2004). Second language socialization in a bilingual chat room: global and local considerations. Language Learning & Technology . 8(3), 44-65. </li></ul><ul><li>Wang, S.–K. (2008). The effects of a synchronous communication tool (yahoo messenger) on online learners’ sense of community and their multimedia authoring skills. Journal of Interactive Online Learning , 7(1), Article 4. </li></ul><ul><li>Yin, K. & Trinidad, S. (2005). Using ICQ to enhance teacher-student relationships. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology . 21(4), 427-445. </li></ul><ul><li>Zhang S.Y. (2002). Distance Learning in China . Retrieved June 20, 2008 from http://cvd.tp.edu.sg/apan-edu/download/Distance%20Learning%20in%20China%2020020825APAN.pdf </li></ul>
    21. 21. The End… Questions or Comments

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