Gender DysphoriaWhat is gender Dysphoria?Gender dysphoria • They have a strong desire tois a condition in live according to their genderwhich a person identity, rather than theirfeels that there is a biological sex.mismatch between • Some people undergotheir biological sex treatment so that theirand their gender physical appearance is moreidentity consistent with their gender identity. For example, a person may have the anatomy of a man, but gender identify as a woman.
Debates.Should the surgery be allowed? PRO: Free will, feeling better. Government allowing CON: Religion, after the surgery problems ( psychological)
Should children under the age of 18 be allowed to Should Transgenderims be allowed in the undergo the treatment? church? They feel trapped in their bodies. PRO: Respect, and human rights, law. CON: They do not have CON:As said in the bible, there enough maturity to make needs to be reproduction within such a decision. humans. In church it is taught that god decides your sex .
Some symptoms.The symptoms of gender Adults with genderdysphoria can appear at a dysphoria can feelvery young age. For trapped inside a bodyexample, a child may that does not matchrefuse to wear typical their gender identity.boys or girls clothes, or This can cause feelingsdislike taking part in of discomfort andtypical boys or girls anxietygames and activities In most cases, this type of behaviour is just a normal part of growing up, but in cases of gender dysphoria, it persists into later childhood and through to adulthood.
More informationIt is estimated that 1 in 11,500 peopleexperience gender dysphoria. Scientific explanation. Boys are XY Girls are XX • When this chromosomes get together it already produces the sex cells, Which immediately sends a message to the brain and the foetus is already born knowing what gender they are . • However children with gender dysphoria is when this happens , but the message isnt send to the brain properly, therefore they are mixed between their sex and their gender.
Another possibility. one in 100 or so babies is born with some kind of sex differentiation anomaly This can also cause gender dysphoria.This can be caused when the pregnantmother has additional hormones in hersystem, which she has absorbedfrom, say, medication or theenvironment, and which she has passed Such as :on to the foetus, or the foetus, 47,XXY, 47,XYY, 45,XO, 49,XXXYY With this it can cause strange chromosomes pattern.
Processes of Psychotherapy.• Psychotherapy is a series of interactive communications between a therapist who is knowledgeable about how people suffer emotionally and a patient who is experiencing distress.• regularly held 50-minutes sessions.• Psychotherapy is not intended to cure the gender identity disorder.• Its usual goal is a long-term stable life style with realistic chances for success in relationships, education, work, and gender identity expression.
Choices given by the Psychotherapy.Biological Males:1. Cross-dressing in a feminine fashion;2. Changing the body through: hair removal through electrolysis or body waxing; minor plastic cosmetic surgical procedures;3. Increasing grooming, wardrobe, and vocal expression skills4. Hormone TreatmentBiological Females:1. Cross-dressing:r in a masculine fashion2. Changing the body through breast binding, weight lifting, applying theatrical facial hair;133. Padding underpants or wearing a penile prosthesis.4. Hormone treatment. There needs to a psychotherapist treatment done before any sex change and also after , so that people can be sure of what they are doing.
Restrictions four undergoing hormone treatment .- Age 18 years;- Demonstrable knowledge of what hormones medically can and cannot do and their social benefits and risks- A period of psychotherapy of a duration specified by the mental health professional
The ‘sex change’.The surgery is called by many ways such as:o Sex reassignment surgeryo gender reassignment surgery.o genital reconstruction surgeryo sex affirmation surgeryo sex realignment surgeryo sex-change operation
What are the procedures?o complete hysterectomy,o bilateral mastectomy,o chest reconstruction or augmentation including breast prostheses if necessaryo genital reconstructiono and certain facial plastic reconstructiono In addition, other non-surgical procedures are also considered including facial electrolysis. In America benefits are given to those that wants to go under the treatment , and in 2003 there was a law settled up saying it was discrimination if the hospitals denied doing the treatment.
Differences between Trans man and Trans woman.• For trans women, genital reconstruction usually involves the construction of a vagina.• whereas in the case of trans men, genital reconstruction may involve construction of a penis through either phalloplasty or metoidioplasty.• In both cases, for trans women and trans men, genital surgery may also involve other medically necessary secondary procedures, such as orchiectomy or laminectomy.• For Trans man take out the breast and for Trans woman do facial surgery to look feminine.
The medical considerations.• People with HIV or hepatitis C may have difficulty finding a surgeon able or willing to perform surgery.• Some surgeons charge higher fees for HIV- and hepatitis C-positive patients• medical professionals assert that it is unethical to deny surgical or hormonal treatments to transsexuals solely on the basis of their HIV or hepatitis status.• Other health conditions such as diabetes, abnormal blood clotting, and obesity do not usually present a problem to experienced surgeons.• Surgeons may require overweight patients to reduce their weight before surgery and smoking patients to refrain from smoking before and after surgery.
Some information.Thailand is the place where there is the most amount of these procedures.There are websites for this specific changes : Has a list of the number of surgeries that could be done. Had a map of the place in Thailand so that they can get there.
Procedures to undergo the treatments.ONE LETTER from TWO LETTERS. From psychiatrics andpsychiatrics doctor. Two letters for Genital surgery• One Letter is for biologic males: Required for -orchiectomy, penectomy, Clitoroplasty, labiaplasty Instituting Hormone creation of a neovagina; Therapy, or for for biologic females Breast Surgery. -hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, vaginectomy,• One letter from a Metoidioplasty, scrotoplasty,urethroplasty, mental health - placement of testicular prostheses, professional• therapy or for a referral for breast surgery (e.g., mastectomy, ch est reconstruction, augm entation There needs to mammoplasty) be a approval for each treatment.
Requirements to undergo the treatment.- Legal age of majority in the patients nation.- Usually 12 months of continuous hormonal therapy- 12 months of successful continuous full time real-life experience.- regular responsible participation in psychotherapy throughout the real-life- 5. Demonstrable knowledge of the cost, required lengths of hospitalizations.- likely complications, and post surgical rehabilitation requirements of various surgical approaches;• 6. Awareness of different competent surgeons.
The youngest boy to have the sex reassignment surgery.• Name : Jamie• Nationality : Australiano The boy, known as Jamie, has lived as a girl for two years, dressing in feminine clothes using the girls toilet at school and has a long blond hair.o Jamies parents, doctors and psychiatrists feared early puberty could lead to self-harm or suicide and supported an urgent need for the child to receive sex-change therapy.o The mother said the family had started treating Jamie as a female in 2008 after her non-identical twin brother accepted her condition and announced: "I have a sister."
o The doctor said he was concerned about Jamies rapid-onset puberty, which was equivalent to that of a 14-year-old, and that sex-change treatment should start immediately.o At the moment Jamie can live comfortably as a girl, is socially confident and suffers no teasing or social isolation.o Court has allowed the child to undergo the treatment.
Legal Issues.• If you have undergone the treatment know as transition, which is- Living a year in the gender you prefer- SurgeryThen you are known as a transsexual with this legal rights come along. • In the UK, driving licences and passports may be re-issued according to the individual’s post-transition gender status. • The Gender Recognition Act (2004)has been in operation since 2005. This Act enables trans men and women to obtain a Gender Recognition Certificate and (as long as the birth was originally registered in the UK) they may obtain a new birth certificate. • They are now able to marry in their newly recognised gender. • The Sex Discrimination Act (Gender Reassignment) Regulations protect trans people against discrimination in the workplace.
The law of Transsexuals within each EUROPE continent.SPAIN POLAND UKMarch 2007, new law in In 1964 to change ones Have birth certificate andSpain allows transsexual legal gender after their driving license changed.people to change their genital reassignment Marriage also allowed.name and legal gender in surgery had beenall documents conductedThis doesn’t matter if In 1983- Court said that Parliament passedthey have undergone the some cases, when the the Gender Recognitionsurgery. preferred gender was Act 2004, which leading, it is possible to effectively granted full change the legal gender legal recognition for even before genital transgender people. reassignment surgery.There needs to be gender Anna Grodzka the first They need onlydysphoria symptoms. MP to undergo the demonstrate that they surgery have suffered gender dysphoria, and have lived in the acquired gender for two yearsIf there are health risks its and intend to continuenot allowed and age doing so until death.boundaries
Germany irelandOne can either obtain a change of Before it was not possible for aname alone transsexual person to alter theirproceed later with a change of legal birth certificate.gender, if possible or desired, orobtain both in a single legalprocedure.a person with only a name change After a serious case that thehas the right to be called "Herr" or government did not approve the"Frau" (Mr. or Mrs.) documents change, and it was proved that Ireland was going against the law of 2004 in Europe they changed.Job references, certifications and The Government has since droppedsimilar from the time before the its appeal and may introducechange of name may to be reissued legalisation recognising oneswith the new name biological sex following sex reassignment surgery.No minimum age so a name and legal gender change on ones birth certificate is now possible.
AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA The Constitution of South Africa forbids discrimination on the basis of sex, gender and sexual orientation. allows a transgender person who has undergone medical or surgical gender reassignment to apply to the Department of Home Affairs to have the sex description altered on their birth record. Once the birth record is changed they can be have a new birth certificate and identity document, and are considered "for all purposes" to be of the new sex. Thus the transgender person is not required to have had genital surgery in order to have the sex description altered.
NORTH AMERICA UNITED STATES CANADA IN THE UNITED STATES CANADA DIFFERS FROM IN DIFFERS FROM STATE. PROVINCE AND TERRITORIES THE GOVERNMENT IS GENDER ALLOWED TO UNDERGO CLASSIFICATION VARIES ANY JUDGEMENT THEY FROM ONE AUTHORITY WANT TO HAVE UPON TO THE ANOTHER. THE CASE.
ASIAJAPAN SOUTH KOREA MALAYSIA PHILIPPINESenables transsexual people it is possible for transgender no legislation expressly The Philippine Supremeto change their legal sex individuals to change their allowing transsexuals to Court has also ruled that legal gender legally change their gender Filipino citizens do not have in Malaysia. the right to legally change their sex on official documentsthe applicants be both depends on the decision of judges currently exercise serious and wide-rangingunmarried and childless the judge for each case. their discretion in legal and public policy interpreting the law and consequences, defining the gender. Family Court in Okinawa does not prevent marriage Depends on the case,Prefecture, allowed an once a person has changed the court chooses.official sex-change of a their legal gender.transsexual woman, believedto be the first court approvalunder the new law.sex change is not paid for by A trans woman can benational health insurance. registered, not only as female, but also as being born as a woman. marital status of female automatically when she marries to a man, even if she has previously been a male on paper.
AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA transsexuals to be re-issue passports with the new sex choice. A recent "clarification" by the Minister for foreign affairs and Trade, Mr. Alexander Downer, stated that a person may not have a new passport or interim passport issued without a birth certificate stating their gender A document of identity it is called
Transsexuals within religion.• I went out asking people if transsexuals should be allowed in churches:68% said no20% said yes12% preferred not to answerThis to me proves that in society and law transsexuals are accepted however not in church.I also came to a conclusion that people sometimes fear of talking about the topic.
Views within some religion.JUDAISM CHRISTIANITY ISLAMConservative Judaism has had Follow the bible They see it as a cure formixed views within The old testament is more homosexuality which istranssexuals there had been closed and the new testament. punishable by death underno stories of rabbinical Iranian lawReform Judaism had positive the Faith concludes that the mukhannathun is used toviews of transgender people. sex-change procedures do not describe gender-variantIt is allowed. change a person’s gender in people the eyes of the Church.Several non-denominational Changes the outside but not They believe god madeJewish groups provide the personality them that way.resources for transgenderpeople. Transgender pastor Drew Phoenix could keep his position. Some Christian denominations accept transgender people as members and clergy.
DEVELOPING THE TOPICPurpose: To inform people what Transsexuals are, the surgery and treatments and toalso show it is something normal.What effects I want it to have:People: That it is something normal and that anyone could have this, and that thereshouldnt be embarrassment about it.Society: to be more accepting and understand others.Word: To be informed about this, so that even them can define what they feel.
WHAT WOULD PEOPLE LEARN?• THE LAWS OF TRANSEXUALS WITHIN DIFFERENT CONTINENTS• ABOUT THE TREATMENTS• ABOUT THE SURGERY• ABOUT TRANSEXUALS WITHIN RELIGION
What type of documentary would it be?• According to Bill nichols theory my documentary would beTHE OBSERVATIONAL MODE AND INFORMATIVE• Observational objective reality with filmmaker as neutral observer. See Fly on the Wall.CONVENTIONS• The filmmaker remains hidden behind the camera, ignored by the surrounding environment• he/she neither changes nor influences the actions/events being captured.Why? :Because in my documentary I dont want to give personal opinion, i want to just send out information to the audience about the topic so that they are more informed and also to have a possible debate however never on my opinion but what is actually in the media and in people’s mind.
EPISODES• EPISODE 1: Beginning of everything. HOW DOES GENDER DYSPHORIA OCCUR AND HOW IT CAN BE SEEN ( CASE STUDY 1)• EPISODE 2: TreatmentsTHE HORMONAL, SURGERY AND OTHER TREATMENTS ( CASE STUDY 2)• EPISODE 3: Views within society, government and beliefs LAWS WITHIN EACH COUNTRY AND VIEWS WITHIN RELIGION.