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Hinduismand Buddhism


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Hinduismand Buddhism

  1. 1. Hinduism and Buddhism <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the importance of relegion in ancient Indian society. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the principal elements of Hinduism. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the basic belief of Biddhism. </li></ul>
  2. 4. The Upanishads and the Epics <ul><li>End of the Vedic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Religious literature were written based on earlier Indo Aryan religion stories and traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism and Buddhism developed in India </li></ul><ul><li>Indian religious thinkers questions the Brahmins authorithy. </li></ul><ul><li>School of thought known as Vedanta or “end of the Vedas” </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>MAHABHARATA: Long poems, tells the story of a great battle in a Kingdom in what is now northern India. </li></ul><ul><li>RAMAYANA: Tells the story of Rama, a prince and an incarnation of the God Vishnu and his wife Sita. They became role models for mena dn women in Indian Society. </li></ul>
  4. 6. A Changing Society <ul><li>Caste System: a complex form of Social Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Varnas (Social Classes) appeared </li></ul><ul><li>in Indian Society </li></ul>RULERS AND WARRIORS BRAHMIS PRIESTS AND SCHOLARS MERCHANTS TRADERS AND FARMERS PEASANTS PARIASHA OR UNTOUCHABLES
  5. 7. <ul><li>Varnas divided into smaller subgroups called jati. </li></ul><ul><li>A person was born into the jati of his of her parents and could marry only within that subgroup. </li></ul><ul><li>They determined what jobs they could hold and who they could eat with. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Reading Check <ul><li>Analyzing Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How did the Caste System affect Indian Society? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you agree with the social classes issues that we have here in Ecuador? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would you do to stop this? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Hinduism <ul><li>Hinduism gradually spread to became India’s major religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Upanishads = a divine essence called Brahman fills everything in the world. People have and individual essence Self ot Atman. </li></ul><ul><li>This reflects the belief that all things in the unverse are of the same essence as God. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Hindu Beliefs <ul><li>Hinduism teaches that the world we see is an illusion. (maya) </li></ul><ul><li>People can gain salvation only if they recognize and reject maya. </li></ul><ul><li>Soul must be reborn, over and over again. </li></ul><ul><li>The experience that we gain as we pass through life helps them to identify maya. (reincarnation). </li></ul><ul><li>The soul does not die, but can be reborn in the body of another human being or even an animal. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>DHARMA KARMA </li></ul><ul><li>Dharma: doing one’s moral duty in this life so that the soul can advance in the next life. </li></ul><ul><li>Karma: is the good or bad force created by a person’s actiona. </li></ul><ul><li>People who fulfill their dharma gain good karma and are born into a higher social group in the nex life. People who do not live moral lives will be born as members of lower groups or as animals. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Hindu God <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE HINDU GOD BRAHMA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VISHNU the Preserver </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIVA the Destroyer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animals Spirirts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spirits of Trees People </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Hindu Religious Practice <ul><li>Practice Yoga: Mental and Physical exercises designed to bring the body and soul together, this frees the mind of thoughts about the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu festivals combine religious ceremonies, rituals, music, dancing, eating and drinking. Celebration might last for days. Festivals represent the seasonal course of Nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred animals. Cows are special because they provided power for plows and carts, also produced milk and butter for food. Cows are protected by law. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Buddhism <ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama the Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Northern India, the son of a wealthly prince. </li></ul><ul><li>Luxury, education, and comfort. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing about disease, poverty, fear, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>He vowed to discoverd human suffering. Great Renunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>Under a tree, he understood the truth that forms the basis of life. </li></ul>
  13. 16. The Buddha’s Teachings <ul><li>Hindu ideas = Reincarnation </li></ul><ul><li>Soul progress depends on the person life. </li></ul><ul><li>Good is reward and evil is punished. </li></ul><ul><li>The Buddha taught ethics, a code of morals and conduct. </li></ul><ul><li>Priest should live peacefull among poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Denied the importants of the caste system </li></ul>
  14. 19. The spread of Buddhism <ul><li>Theravada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional beliefs of buddhism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha great teacher and spiritual leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted in Burna (Myamar), Siam (Thailand), Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Laos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mahayana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha God and savior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elaborate ceremonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China, Vietnam, Korea and Japan </li></ul></ul>Buddhism developed and spread in India Followers Brahmis opposed Buddhism declined in India
  15. 20. Theravada Mahayana
  16. 21. SECTION 3 REVIEW Hinduism and Buddhism
  17. 22. 1. DEFINE <ul><li>Epics: </li></ul><ul><li>Caste system: </li></ul><ul><li>Varnas: </li></ul><ul><li>Monism: </li></ul><ul><li>Maya: </li></ul><ul><li>Reincarnation: </li></ul><ul><li>Nirvana: </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheism: </li></ul>
  18. 23. 2. IDENTIFY <ul><li>Upanishads: </li></ul><ul><li>Bhagavad Gita: </li></ul><ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama: </li></ul>
  19. 24. 3. COMPARING AND CONTRASTING Mahayana Buddhism Theravada Buddhism
  20. 25. 4. FINDING THE MAIN IDEA <ul><li>Which elements of Indian religion seem most clearly reflected in the Indian social structure? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways can Hinduism be considered monistic? </li></ul>