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BUDDHISM
BUDDHISM
 Founder: Siddhartha Gautama
 Son of a Indian warrior-king
 Gautama renounced his rich life
and became a monk ...
4 Noble Truths
Desires
 To a Buddhist, desire= craving
pleasure, material goods, and immorality
 Desire can only bring suffering
Why is the Buddha fat?
 His stomach
symbolizes the
size of his soul. It
is also a symbol of
happiness, luck
and generosity
Karma Karma does NOT refer to
preordained fate
 Karma= good or bad actions a
person makes in their lifetime.
 When you ...
Reincarnation
 6 Realms:
 1. realm of men (free from
conflict of jealously among
the gods)
 2. realm of demigods
 3. r...
Reincarnation
Basics of Buddhism
 Separated from Hinduism
 No personal God or divine being. They are not atheist
though, because Buddh...
Basics
 376 million Buddhists in
the world
 (+/- 313, 114, 000 in Asia)
 Dominant religion in:
China, Japan, Korea, as
...
Sangha  Sangha= order of the brotherhood
(community) who are monks
 Must wear a yellow robe, shave their
head and practi...
Buddhist Scripture
 Variety of Buddhist text
 Buddhist cannon of
scripture= Sanskirt
○ 3 parts:
 1. Vinaya Pitaka= disc...
HINDUISM
Julia Roberts on Hinduism
Hinduism
 One of oldest
religions in
world, probably
the first
 Founder: No
specific founder
 Originated with
Aryans tr...
Basics of Hinduism
Gods?
 900 million members
 Many sects, some are:
 polytheistic (many gods)
 monotheistic (one god)
 pantheistic (god...
Basic Beliefs
 Reincarnation
 Caste System
 Brahman (central god or
principle or universal spirit)
 Reach Moksha (peac...
11 Year Old Reincarnated
Caste System
 =ranked society according to
occupation
 Brahmins (priests)
 Kshatriyas (soldiers, king-warrior
class)
 ...
Scriptures  Vedas=religious
writings, include,
hymns, sacrificial
writings, teachings,
book of laws, myths,
stories, lege...
What is yoga?
JAINISM
JAINISM
 Founder: Mahaiva, born in 599
B.C., believed that everything in the
universe has a soul and should not be
harmed...
Jainism
 Jain monks take nonviolence seriously,
sweeping ants off the path and wearing
masks to avoid breathing in insect...
Jain Temple Animation
Basics of Jainism
 Religious Tolerance
 Ethical Purity
 Harmony between self and
environment
 Spiritual Contentment
 ...
Reincarnation
 When a body dies, the
soul goes directly to its
next body (could be
human or animal)
 What you become in ...
G
o
d
Jains do not believe in a God or gods but
they believe in divine beings who are
worthy of devotion
Scripture
 Jain’s scriptures=
Agamas
 Jain monks and
nuns have to
memorize
scriptures
because monks
were not allowed
to ...
The Soul  The “soul” is called
jiva
 =means a
conscious, living
being
 The body is just a
“container” for our
souls
 W...
Buddhism, hinduism, Jainism
Buddhism, hinduism, Jainism
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Buddhism, hinduism, Jainism

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Buddhism, hinduism, Jainism

  1. 1. BUDDHISM
  2. 2. BUDDHISM  Founder: Siddhartha Gautama  Son of a Indian warrior-king  Gautama renounced his rich life and became a monk in hopes of comprehending truth  Moment of truth: meditating under a tree where he had an experience where he understood how to be free from suffering and achieve salvation.  After this, he was know as Buddha  Buddha= “Enlightened One”  Buddha spent the rest of his life traveling around India and teaching others
  3. 3. 4 Noble Truths
  4. 4. Desires  To a Buddhist, desire= craving pleasure, material goods, and immorality  Desire can only bring suffering
  5. 5. Why is the Buddha fat?  His stomach symbolizes the size of his soul. It is also a symbol of happiness, luck and generosity
  6. 6. Karma Karma does NOT refer to preordained fate  Karma= good or bad actions a person makes in their lifetime.  When you do good, good things will come in return. If you perform bad actions, bad karma is in store for you  Neutral karma= acts like breathing, eating or sleeping
  7. 7. Reincarnation  6 Realms:  1. realm of men (free from conflict of jealously among the gods)  2. realm of demigods  3. realm of gods  4. realm of animals  5. realm of ghosts  6. realm of hell (untold suffering)  Those with positive karma, are reborn into fortunate realms
  8. 8. Reincarnation
  9. 9. Basics of Buddhism  Separated from Hinduism  No personal God or divine being. They are not atheist though, because Buddhist believe in an impersonal force  No form of redemption, forgiveness, no heavenly hope or a final judgment  Moral philosophy= do good now, and you will be blessed with a higher state
  10. 10. Basics  376 million Buddhists in the world  (+/- 313, 114, 000 in Asia)  Dominant religion in: China, Japan, Korea, as well as southeast Asia  Over 200 different sects of Buddhism  Over 1,000 Buddhist temples, monasteries and centers in the US
  11. 11. Sangha  Sangha= order of the brotherhood (community) who are monks  Must wear a yellow robe, shave their head and practice meditation  Goal of Sangha= strive to have the qualities of Buddha  Over 225 regulations which forbid them to do many things
  12. 12. Buddhist Scripture  Variety of Buddhist text  Buddhist cannon of scripture= Sanskirt ○ 3 parts:  1. Vinaya Pitaka= disciplinary rules for Sanghas  2. Sutra Pitaka= discourses by the Buddha  3. Adhidharma Pitaka= notes on Buddha’s teachings
  13. 13. HINDUISM
  14. 14. Julia Roberts on Hinduism
  15. 15. Hinduism  One of oldest religions in world, probably the first  Founder: No specific founder  Originated with Aryans tribes who moved to India and adapted with native Harrappan people
  16. 16. Basics of Hinduism
  17. 17. Gods?  900 million members  Many sects, some are:  polytheistic (many gods)  monotheistic (one god)  pantheistic (god & universe are one)  agnostic (unsure if god exists)  atheistic (no god)
  18. 18. Basic Beliefs  Reincarnation  Caste System  Brahman (central god or principle or universal spirit)  Reach Moksha (peaceful escape from cycle of reincarnation)
  19. 19. 11 Year Old Reincarnated
  20. 20. Caste System  =ranked society according to occupation  Brahmins (priests)  Kshatriyas (soldiers, king-warrior class)  Vaishyas (merchants, farmers, Sutras laborers, craftspeople)  Harijahns (“untouchable,” poor)  The caste system was outlawed in 1948, but it still important to the Hindu people
  21. 21. Scriptures  Vedas=religious writings, include, hymns, sacrificial writings, teachings, book of laws, myths, stories, legends and epics
  22. 22. What is yoga?
  23. 23. JAINISM
  24. 24. JAINISM  Founder: Mahaiva, born in 599 B.C., believed that everything in the universe has a soul and should not be harmed  One of the oldest religions in the world  No a break off of any other religion  Jains are in 34/35 of the territories of India, making over 5 million members in India alone
  25. 25. Jainism  Jain monks take nonviolence seriously, sweeping ants off the path and wearing masks to avoid breathing in insects  Jains seek jobs that do not harm any creature (trade and commerce)  Make few efforts to convert, and do not send out missionaries, so most of the members live in India
  26. 26. Jain Temple Animation
  27. 27. Basics of Jainism  Religious Tolerance  Ethical Purity  Harmony between self and environment  Spiritual Contentment  Karma  Rebirth  Importance of the Soul
  28. 28. Reincarnation  When a body dies, the soul goes directly to its next body (could be human or animal)  What you become in your next life is dependant on your karma  How you feel (content or upset) at your death is important
  29. 29. G o d Jains do not believe in a God or gods but they believe in divine beings who are worthy of devotion
  30. 30. Scripture  Jain’s scriptures= Agamas  Jain monks and nuns have to memorize scriptures because monks were not allowed to posses religious books as part of their vows
  31. 31. The Soul  The “soul” is called jiva  =means a conscious, living being  The body is just a “container” for our souls  When you die, your jiva, is reborn into another life until it achieves liberation

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