Irena Trebic, Librarian
Components of an annotated bibliography
Citing resources using APA style
Article evaluation and discussion activity
Identify the format and components of an annotated bibliography
Understand the purpose of an annotated bibliography
Differentiate between scholarly and popular resources
Identify bibliographic information such as journal title, volume, doi, etc in
a scholarly journal
Critically evaluate resources using the CRAAP Checklist
• a list of sources (journal articles, books, Web
sites, etc.) that you have consulted in order
to research a topic
• also called a list of "References“, in APA
• a bibliography where each source has
descriptive and/or evaluative comments (i.e.
• has 2 components:
Allows you to
Two step process:
Step 1: Use APA Format
Citation for each source
Step 2: Add an annotation
under each citation (usually
one paragraph consisting of
100 – 200 words)
Include bibliographic information such as:
• Title of book
• Title of article
• Journal name
• Name of database
• Place of publication
• Date of publication
Example of APA style citation
Journal article citation:
Author last name, initials. (Year published). Article
title. Journal Name, Volume (Issue), pp-
Ackoff, R.L. (2003). The opportunity quest
separates real leaders from managers.
Strategy & Leadership, 31(5), 39-40.
Example of APA style citation
Author last name, initials. (Year published). Book
title. City, State: Publisher.
James, H. (1937). The ambassadors. New
York, NY: Scribner.
Annotated Bibliography in APA format – YouTube video
Quick Guide to APA Style 6th Edition – USF Library video
APA Formatting and Style Guide – The OWL at Purdue University
KnightCite – citation machine that can create APA citations
RefWorks – online software that can create APA citations and
What to include in an annotation
Depending on your assignment guidelines, you may have to:
• Write a brief summary of the source
• Identify any strengths or weaknesses of the source
• Explain why the source is relevant
• Identify the source’s relationships to other studies in the field
• Assess the overall reliability of the source by looking at:
• The author's conclusions and how he/she arrived at them
• The references consulted
• Communicate your personal conclusions about the source
Use the third person
• Do NOT use I, me, my
Use the literary present tense
• “This article discusses…”
• “The author supports…”
Activity: Brainstorming & Discussion
do you look at
The CRAAP Checklist
• When was the information published or posted?
• Has the information been revised or updated?
• Is the information current or out-of-date for your topic?
• Does the information answer your questions?
• Who is the intended audience?
• Is it at an appropriate level for your needs?
• Is the information supported by evidence? Is there a bibliography?
• Has the information been reviewed by other experts?
• Can you verify any of the information in another source?
• Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
• What are the author's credentials or qualifications to write on the topic?
• Is there contact information? Look for author’s title and career history.
• What was the author’s reason for publishing this information?
• Is the information fact/opinion/propaganda?
• Can you identify any kind of bias (religious/political/etc.)?
Adapted from http://www.juniata.edu/services/library/instruction/handouts/craap_worksheet.pdf
Identification of bibliographic information and article evaluation
• Work in small groups to fill out the Activity worksheet for the article
• Is it a scholarly article or not? How can you tell?
• Use the CRAAP checklist to evaluate the article
Murphy, P. E., & Schlegelmilch, B.B. (2013). Corporate social responsibility and corporate
social irresponsibility: Introduction to a special topic section. Journal of Business
Research, 66(10), 1807-1813. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.02.001
Additional resources and help
Critical reading study guide – University of Leicester
Schedule an appointment with a librarian
Attend a library workshop
- Quiz and workshop evaluation
How to prepare an annotated bibliography. (2015, March 4). In Concordia University
Libraries. Retrieved from
O’Neil, R. (2013, January 29). Annotated bibliography: Summarizing and evaluating your
sources. In Slideshare. Retrieved from
The CRAAP Test Worksheet. (n.d.). In Juniata College Beeghly Library. Retrieved from