Annotated Bibliography Summarizing and Evaluating Your Sources Richelle O’Neil, Prosper ISD
A bibliography is a list of sources you are using in your research. This is also called works cited. An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation. So, an annotated bibliography includes a summary/evaluation of each source you are using in your research.What is it?
Shows your reader that your sources are informative, relevant, and credible. Writing an annotation makes you read each source carefully and critically. ◦ This makes it easier for you to see if numerous sources are saying the same thing. ◦ Can help you determine whether or not you want to use a particular source in your research. ◦ It can also help you to formulate your thesis. ◦ Helps you to recall information from each source as you are taking notes during research.Why do I need one?
1. Start with an MLA-formatted citation.2. Add your annotation underneath the citation. ◦ 1 paragraph ◦ No more than 150 wordsHow do I write one?
Summarize the source ◦ 2-4 sentences ◦ If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? ◦ What are the main arguments? ◦ What is the point of this book or article? ◦ What topics are covered?What’s included in the annotation?
Evaluate the source ◦ 1-2 sentences ◦ Is the information reliable? ◦ Is this source biased or objective? ◦ What is the goal of this source?What’s included in the annotation?
Use the third person ◦ Do not use I, me, or my Use the literary present tense ◦ Examples: “This article discusses…” “This book gives a detailed view on…” “In this article, the author supports…” “This article describes…”What should my annotation soundlike?
Lajoie, Gesele, Alyson McLellan, and Cindi Seddon. Bully B’ware. Web. 7 Mar. 2005 <http://www.bullybeware.com/>. This site, developed by three experienced teachers and counselors in Canada, includes a wealth of information on bullying for teachers and parents. In addition to practical information on coping with bullying behavior, the site also gives statistics from various studies on bullying. Also included are links to news stories about bullies and brief descriptions of incidents around the world involving dangerous bullies. This is a reliable, informative site that will be helpful to parents, teachers, and researchers.Here’s a few examples
Hurst, Marianne. “When It Comes to Bullying, There Are No Boundaries.” Education Week 24.22 (2005): 8. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Apr. 2005. The author notes that bullying is a problem in every school in the world, and goes on to describe intervention programs worldwide that have helped reduce the number of incidents in many countries. Scotland and Australia, for example, have set up government-supported organizations and websites, while the Israel Ministry of Education has developed extensive teacher training. The article does not draw any conclusions about the best solutions to the problem. Intended mainly for teachers and administrators seeking a broad perspective on this issue, the article does not provide any practical advice for parents or for teachers looking for classroom intervention practices.
Your citation must be MLA-formatted Your annotation appears directly underneath the citation and is double- spaced Your annotation must be indented so it matches the second line of your citationFormatting Reminders
BeatMaker12. "How To Write An Annotated Bibliography." SlideShare. N.p., 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/BeatMaker12/>.Bisignani, Dana, and Allen Brizee. "Annotated Bibliographies." Purdue OWL. Purdue University, 6 July 2011. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu>.Heraper, Sue. "How to Write an Annotated Bibliography." SlideShare. N.p., 30 Apr. 2012. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/sueheraper/>.Resources