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FLINT,
MICHIGAN
WATER CRISIS
THE
CAUSES & EFFECTS
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS
CONTENT
A Chro...
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FLINT,
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WATER CRISISA Chronology of Eve...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY...
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LEAD
POISONING
FACTS AND FIGURES
On March 4, 2...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISON...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISON...
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LEAD
EXPOSURE
EFFECTS
Lead poisoning occurs wh...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSU...
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LEGIONNAIRES'
DISEASE
OUTBREAK
Legionnaires’ D...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEGIONNAIRE...
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TIPS
Although your water may be a different c...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS
IN THE KITCH...
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IN THE BATHR...
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THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS
SOURCES
A Ch...
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The Flint Michigan Water Crisis: Causes & Effects

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The Flint water crisis is the result of failed policy, bad choices and indifference by politicians and other state officials. The result has been catastrophic to the community. This timeline depicts the major events in chronological order, beginning from the change in the water supply until Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder’s appearance before a congressional committee.

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The Flint Michigan Water Crisis: Causes & Effects

  1. 1. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS THE CAUSES & EFFECTS
  2. 2. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 2 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS CONTENT A Chronology of Events Lead poisoning Facts and figures: Children With Lead Levels The key problem The pipes Relation between lead levels & old pipes Proposed supply pipeline Lead exposure effects: In newborns and babies In children In adults In pets These foods may help protect you and your family Legionnaires' Disease outbreak: Signs and symptoms Legionnaires’ Disease cases in Michigan Legionnaires’ Disease cases in Genesee County Tips In the Kitchen Cleaning In the Bathroom Caring for Pets Sources 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 27 28 28 29
  3. 3. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 3 • FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISISA Chronology of Events THE Switching water sources in Flint resulted in toxic levels of lead and other contaminants, causing a public health crisis.
  4. 4. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 4 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 2013 Flint DETROIT Flint DETROIT WATER FLINT WATER APRIL 16 Flint joins a new water authority to save money that will get water from Lake Huron rather from its existing water source in Detroit. The project will take 3 years. Lake Huron
  5. 5. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 5 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 2014 BOIL WATER APRIL 25 MAY AUG. 15 OCT. 13 City begins using water from the Flint River until the pipeline from Lake Huron can be completed. Flint residents complain about the new water. A boil advisory is issued in parts of the city after water tests positive for E. coli bacteria. The Flint General Motors plant refuses to use the river water because it is rusting car parts. The city arranges for automaker to tap into a different water line, but not for residents. FlintRiver Kearsley Reservoir 69 475 CITY OF FLINT WATER PLANT
  6. 6. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 6 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 2015 JAN. 4 The city announces that its water contains a high level of trihalomethanes, a disinfectant byproduct in violation of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Residents told not to worry.FEB. 18 A consultant hired by the City of Flint tells the public that the water is safe to drink despite the presence of sediment and discoloration. FEB. 26 A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency manager informs Michigan officials that contaminants from pipes, including lead, are leaching into the water system.APRIL 2 Flint tells residents that it may have violated the Safe Water Drinking Act because it added too many disinfectants.
  7. 7. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 7 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS OCT. 1 State officials announce that data shows more children have lead in their blood since the water switch. OCT. 2 Gov. Snyder announces the state will buy water filters and test lead in schools. He recommends that Flint go back to using water from Detroit. OCT. 16 Flint switches back to Detroit water. NOV 16 LEAD EXPOSURE IN CHILDREN CAUSES IRREVERSIBLE HEALTH EFFECTS CLASS ACTION LAWSUIT Class action lawsuit filed against City of Flint and State of Michigan.
  8. 8. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 8 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 2016 JAN. 5 Gov. Snyder declares a state of emergency in Flint. The Department of Justice opens an investigation. JAN 7 Michigan’s chief medical executive advises Flint residents to use only bottled or filtered water. JAN. 12 Gov. Snyder calls out to the National Guard to distribute bottled water and filters in Flint.JAN. 13 The water crisis expands to include Legionnaires’ disease based upon a spike in number of reported cases. JAN. 16 President Obama signs an emergency declaration and orders federal aid for Flint.
  9. 9. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 9 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS JAN 25 EPA announces an investigation into the handling of the crisis. JAN. 25 State announces that National Guard and Red Cross teams have delivered bottled water twice to every house in Flint. MAR. 6 Democratic presidential debate in Flint. Candidates discuss water crisis. JAN. 27 A federal court lawsuit is filed by organizations and citizens, including the ACLU, demanding that Flint be provided with clean drinking water. MAR. 15 The U.S. House Oversight and Government Reform Committee holds a hearing regarding the crisis. MAR. 17 Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder testifies before a congressional committee investigating the Flint water crisis.
  10. 10. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 10 • LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES On March 4, 2016, workers began digging up and replacing lead services lines at homes in Flint neighborhoods with the highest number of children under 6 years old, senior citizens, pregnant women, people with compromised immune systems and homes that tested with high levels of lead in tap water.
  11. 11. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 11 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES CHILDREN WITH LEAD LEVELS 0% 2% 4% 6%1% 3% 5% 7% Share of children under age 5 with elevated levels of lead in their blood. Before the Flint water switch from Detroit Water to Flint River Water on April 25, 2016 After the Flint water switch from Detroit Water to Flint River Water on April 25, 2016 Children from Flint Flint children in areas with high water lead levels Flint children in other areas Children from Genesee Country (excluding Flint)
  12. 12. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 12 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES THE KEY PROBLEM Water from the Flint River is highly corrosive (its water has about 8 times more chloride (Cl–) in it than Detroit water) to iron and lead. Unfortunately, these pipe materials are widely used throughout Flint. And, if these pipes are exposed to corrosive water, or if water sits too long inside them, the lead could be released and may end up coming out of the tap. Detroit water Cause for concern Flint water Highest level found in Virginia Tech’s Flint sample Highest level found in Flint 2.3parts per billion 5parts per billion 27parts per billion 158parts per billion 13,000parts per billion
  13. 13. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 13 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES THE PIPES Galvanized pipes accumulate lead particles in corroded interior walls Brass faucets and valves can have traces of lead. Lead can be found in solder used before 1987. Many lead service lines are connecting older homes to water mains. Public water main Communication pipe Public service line Customer service line Houses built before 1930 usually contain lead piping. Lead contaminates tap water differently than most pollutants, because lead comes from plumbing. External supply pipe Internal supply pipe Summing up: water from Flint River moved through lead pipes, picking up the toxin as it went, and spread it throughout the population.
  14. 14. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 14 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES RELATION BETWEEN LEAD LEVELS & OLD PIPES FlintRiver Kearsley Reservoir 475 69 This map shows properties that registered lead levels above the federal threshold for drinking water (15 parts per billion). Some of the highest levels of lead were found in older neighborhoods. There are 15,000 to 25,000 lead service lines in Flint. Replacing the city’s lead service lines will take years. Properties which registered high levels of lead in tests of their drinking water.. Buildings built in 1940 or earlier.
  15. 15. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 15 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD POISONING FACTS AND FIGURES PROPOSED SUPPLY PIPELINE City of Flint Water Plant Reservoir Pump Station GCDC Water Plant Intermeditate Pump Station & Stabilization Reservoir INTAKE Lake Station Lake Huron Henderson Rd Storage Schematic proposed Lake Huron Water Supply Pipeline.
  16. 16. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 16 • LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over a period of months or years. Exposure to even low levels of lead can cause damage over time. Children under the age of 6 are especially vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development. Higher levels can damage the kidneys and nervous system in both children and adults. Very high lead levels can be fatal.
  17. 17. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 17 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS IN NEWBORNS AND BABIES Problems with brain development, resulting in reduced IQ and behavioral changes; headaches; nervous system damage; seizures. Hearing problems Anemia and hypertention Muscle weakness Kidney problems Abdominal pain and cramping; constipation When a child drinks water containing lead particles, it can lead to serious health consequences. Babies who are exposed to lead before birth may experience:
  18. 18. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 18 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS IN CHILDREN Developmental delay Learning difficulties Irritability Loss of appetite Weight loss Sluggishness and fatigue Abdominal pain Vomiting Constipation Hearing loss Children with low lead poisoning usually do not look or act sick. The only way to know if your child has lead poisoning is by getting a blood test. Ask your doctor or health care provider to test your child under six years of age at least once a year. Muscle weakness
  19. 19. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 19 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS IN ADULTS Declines in mental functioning Depressed Mood disorders, Irritable Tired, Weak Memory loss, Distracted Risk of miscarriage Risk of premature birth Cause your baby to be born too small. Hurt your baby’s brain, kidneys, and nervous system Cause your child to have learning or behavior problems Headache Nauseous/Sick Loss of appetite Muscle pain Joint pains High blood pressure Constipation Abdominal pain Reduced sperm count Abnormal sperm Numbness, tingling or pain of the extremities Although children are primarily at risk, lead poisoning is also dangerous for adults. Signs and symptoms in adults may include: IN PREGNANT WOMEN:
  20. 20. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 20 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS IN PETS Weakness Poor appetite Vomiting If animals display any of these signs, please seek veterinary care. These changes may develop over time. Sleepiness/fatigue Behavioral changes Seizures Extreme anxiety Belly/stomach ache Diarrhea Blindness Crying
  21. 21. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 21 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEAD EXPOSURE EFFECTS These foods may help protect you and your family It is important for everybody, but especially children with elevated blood lead levels, to eat a well-balanced and age-appropriate diet. There are a few really important nutrients that help protect kids from lead poisoning, especially foods high in iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin C. Milk, yogurt, cheese, and green leafy vegetables like spinach Red meat, beans, cereals, and spinach. Oysters, seafood, meat, seeds, and cooked dried beans, peas and lentils Oranges, green and red peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, and juices. CALCIUM IRON ZINC VITAMIN C Eat healthy snacks: a person with an empty stomach will absorb more lead.
  22. 22. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 22 • LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE OUTBREAK Legionnaires’ Disease is caused by bacteria. The number of reported Legionnaires’ Disease cases has increased in the Flint Area since the water source was changed to the Flint River.
  23. 23. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 23 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE OUTBREAK SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS It occasionally can cause infections in wounds and in other parts of the body, including the heart. It usually develops 2 to 10 days after exposure to legionella bacteria. 1st day signs and symptoms: Headache Chills Muscle pain Fever: may be 104 F (40 C) or higher 2nd. or 3rd. day: other signs and symptoms that may include: Confusion or other mental changes Cough (may bring up mucus and sometimes blood) Shortness of breath Chest pain Gastrointestinal symptoms
  24. 24. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 24 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE OUTBREAK LEGIONNAIRES’ CASES IN MICHIGAN Flint DETROIT Genesee Country Legionnaires’ cases in Michigan, per 100,000 residents, 2014 and 2015 20.8 16.6 12.4 8.3 4.1 0
  25. 25. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.comwww.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 25 • THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS - LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE OUTBREAK LEGIONNAIRES’ CASES IN GENESEE COUNTY 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 J F MAM J J A S O N D J F MAM J J A S O N D J F MAM J J A S O N D J F MAM J J A S O N D J F MAM J J A S O N DM J J A S O N D Note: Monthly case values are approximated for May/June 2015 and August/September 2015. Flint switched its water supply to the Flint River in April 2014. City’s water supply was switched back to Lake Huron. 1 case Legionnaires’ cases in Genesee County reported by month, 2010 - 2015 The relationship between the increase in Legionnaires’ Disease cases to the new water source has not yet been confirmed
  26. 26. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 26 • www.buckfirelaw.com TIPS Although your water may be a different color sometimes, it is not caused by lead. It’s important to remember: • You can’t see, smell, or taste lead in water. • Lead won’t change the color of your water. • The only way to know what your home’s lead levels are is by having your water tested in a lab. LEAD IN WATER
  27. 27. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 27 • www.buckfirelaw.com THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS IN THE KITCHEN CLEANING Use filtered tap water for: • Drinking (including making coffee, drink mixes, juice, baby formula) • Cooking (even if you boil the water, the lead will stay in the water and food) • Washing fruits and vegetables You can use unfiltered tap water for: • Washing your hands • Washing dishes • Wiping down countertops You can use unfiltered tap water for: • Mopping floors • Washing clothes Your washing machine and dryer won’t put lead from the water into the air your home.
  28. 28. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 28 • www.buckfirelaw.com THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS IN THE BATHROOM CARING FOR PETS Use filtered tap water for: • Brushing kids’ teeth You can use unfiltered tap water for: • Showers • Baths (don’t let kids drink the water as they play in the tub) • Brushing your teeth (if you are an adult) Lead will not cause rashes or other skin problems. However, if chlorine levels or other cleaners are high in the water, it may cause itchy or dry skin (similar to what can happen when you swim in a pool). Use filtered tap water for: • Pets’ water bowls You can use unfiltered tap water for: • Baths
  29. 29. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com Courtesy of: • 29 • www.buckfirelaw.com THE FLINT, MICHIGAN WATER CRISIS SOURCES A Chronology of Events: www.michigan.gov/flintwater www.epa.gov/flint www.aclumich.org/flint-water-crisis Original URL: www.buckfirelaw.com/library/flint-water-crisis-timeline.cfm Lead poisoning Facts and figures: www.wsj.com/articles/flint-set-to-begin-replacing-lead-pipes-1457121838 www.vox.com/2016/2/19/10972256/the-visual-guide-to-lead-poisoning www.public.health.oregon.gov/HealthyEnvironments/HealthyNeighborhoods/LeadPoisoning/ParentsFamilies/Pages/signs.aspx www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/02/04/us/flint-water-lead-maps.html www.mediad.publicbroadcasting.net/p/michigan/files/201512/water_report.pdf - Page 6 Original URL: http://www.buckfirelaw.com/library/flint-lead-poisoning-facts-infographic.cfm Lead exposure effects: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lead-poisoning/basics/definition/con-20035487 www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/ www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/lead/health.html www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/tips/pregnant.htm Original URL: http://www.buckfirelaw.com/library/ lead-poisoning-effects-infographic.cfm Legionnaires' disease outbreak: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/legionnaires-disease/basics/symptoms/con-20028867 www.vox.com/2016/2/15/10991626/flint-water-crisis www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/flint-water-legionnaires-lead-crisis_us_569d09d6e4b0ce4964252c33 www.nytimes.com/2016/02/10/us/michigan-officials-defend-handling-of-legionnaires-disease-outbreak-in-flint.html?_r=0 Original URL: buckfirelaw.com/library/flint-legionnaires-disease-infographic.cfm Tips: www.michigan.gov/documents/lead/2015-10-21_-_Lead_-_Flint_Water_FINAL_1_504859_7.pdf
  30. 30. www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com www.buckfirelaw.com

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