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Community mobilization workshop slides for sharing day 1

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Community mobilization workshop slides for sharing day 1

  1. 1. 1 A Two-Days Workshop onA Two-Days Workshop on “COMMUNITY“COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION”MOBILIZATION”
  2. 2. Participants will be able to understand:  Definition of Community Mobilization  Degree of Community Participation
  3. 3. 3 Session 1Session 1 Introduction of Participants What is Community, Its dimensions Why Mobilization Benefits of Community Mobilization Role of Community Mobilizers
  4. 4. CommunityCommunity What comes first in your mind when you think or hear the word “COMMUNITY” ?
  5. 5. What is a CommunityWhat is a Community A Community is a set of people living together with common interest” We all live in a community. There are different things that bind us together. Let us try to identify them.  Beliefs  Values  Language  Territory  Religion  Culture  Occupation
  6. 6. Why Community Mobilization?Why Community Mobilization? As a Mean or Strategy:  Creating demand for interventions  Increasing access to services  Scaling up interventions  Increasing effectiveness and efficiency of interventions  Contributing additional resources to the response  Reaching the most vulnerable  Addressing the underlying causes of Education: gender disparities, lack of awareness etc.  Increasing community ownership and sustainability .
  7. 7. Benefits of CommunityBenefits of Community Mobilization in a projectMobilization in a project  Increase community, individual, and group capacity to identify and satisfy their needs  Improve program design  Improve program quality  Improve program results  Improve program evaluation  Cost effective way to achieve sustainable results  Increase community ownership of the program
  8. 8. Key Task involved in CommunityKey Task involved in Community MobilizationMobilization  Developing an on-going dialogue between community members  Creating or strengthening community organizations (Committees etc.)  Creating an environment in which individuals can empower themselves to address their own and their community’s health needs  Promoting community members’ participation
  9. 9. ……continuedcontinued  Working in partnership with community members  Identifying and supporting the creative potential of communities to develop a variety of strategies and approaches  Assisting in linking communities with external resources  Committing enough time to work with communities, or with a partner who works with them
  10. 10. Group WorkGroup Work Find out reasons why we are mobilizing our Communities under a health project.
  11. 11. Involving all StakeholdersInvolving all Stakeholders  Let’s discuss………… Who are stakeholders? Why it is important to coordinate among all stakeholders? What can be achieved when we involve all stakeholders? What can assume if we don’t involve all stakeholders?
  12. 12. Identification ofIdentification of Deprived/Neglected GroupDeprived/Neglected Group What do you think, who are deprived and neglected people in your community? Why are they neglected? How can you enhance their participation? Deprived people Why are they deprived? How can their participation be enhanced?
  13. 13.  Economically deprived group (Poor)  Women  Tribal/indigenous people  Disable people  Minority Groups  Others Examples Identify marginalized groups in your community
  14. 14. Role of Community MobilizersRole of Community Mobilizers A mobilizer is a person who mobilizes, i.e. gets things moving. Social animator. A Catalyst  Bringing People Together  Building Trust  Encouraging Participation  Facilitating Discussion and Decision-making  Helping Things to Run Smoothly .  Facilitation in community mobilization process
  15. 15. How to enhance theHow to enhance the community Participation?community Participation?  Write one mean to enhance participation?  State one example you have done so far!
  16. 16. Community MeetingsCommunity Meetings Gathering People at ONE PlatformGathering People at ONE Platform Village Literacy FairVillage Literacy Fair Sports & GamesSports & Games Electronic & Print MediaElectronic & Print Media Puppet Show & TheatrePuppet Show & Theatre Pamphlets & HandoutsPamphlets & Handouts Human ChainHuman Chain
  17. 17. Message Dissemination ThroughMessage Dissemination Through different meansdifferent means
  18. 18. Best MobilizerBest Mobilizer Please make a picture of Mobilizer  Caution !!!!!!!!!!! H/She should be smart enough in qualities
  19. 19. Self Assessment SkillSelf Assessment Skill Read the checklist and find out those qualities in yourself!!!!!!!!!
  20. 20. Skills needed for CommunitySkills needed for Community MobilizerMobilizer Attitudes include:  a willingness to examine and challenge their own assumptions, opinions and beliefs  a genuine respect for all community members  a non- judgmental and accepting approach  an understanding that different people have different views and perspectives  a belief in community capacity to take effective action.
  21. 21. ……..continued..continued Skills include:  good communication skills, especially listening  good facilitation skills to enable communities to conduct their own analysis of their lives and situations  PLA and other techniques to help facilitation awareness of political, gender and cultural issues and relationships  an ability to challenge assumptions sensitively (e.g. about the role of women).
  22. 22. ……continuedcontinued Knowledge includes:  the community mobilization process  the principles of community mobilization  knowledge of Education related Issues and problems, causes and effects  understanding of the ethical issues related to community mobilization. .
  23. 23. …….continued.continued Other skills and knowledge that may be needed at different stages in the community mobilization process include:  an ability to help communities form organizations  an ability to identify capacity-building needs among communities (e.g. leadership skills, networking and partnership-building skills)  an ability to help communities mobilize resources  advocacy skills  project planning and management skills.
  24. 24. Some QualitiesSome Qualities  Good communication skills  Good facilitation skills  Good listener  Committed  Decision maker  Active  Negotiation skills  Honest  Known to culture and values of society  Well dress  Catalyst  Management skills
  25. 25. Role of CMRole of CM Getting Prepared  Know Your Goals "If you do not know where you are going, then any road will do."  Know Your Target Community You must know as much as possible about its social organization, economy, languages, layout (map), problems, politics, and ecosystem  Know The Skills You Need  Know The Basic Concepts What is development? Community development? Community participation? Poverty? Community? Empowerment? Sustainability  Outside Resources
  26. 26. Some Dos and Don’tsSome Dos and Don’ts Activity Lets talk and write about our communities what we should do and what we should not do?
  27. 27. Field DiariesField Diaries Why Field diaries are important? Why do we need to capture the information on paper when have brain? Why do we talk about report writing?
  28. 28. Contents of Daily Field ReportContents of Daily Field Report  Purpose of Visit  Activities Carried out  Accomplishment/Outputs of the day  Observations  Challenges  Recommendations  Follow up/Future Plan
  29. 29. Group Work Each Group will write a report on the basis of given information/case study or a story.
  30. 30. 30 Session 2Session 2 Components in Session  Participation of Communities  Degrees of Participation  Project Orientation/ What project is all about ?
  31. 31. Community Mobilization Community mobilization is a capacity- building process through which community individuals, groups, or organizations PLAN, CARRY OUT, and EVALUATE activities on a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other needs, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others.
  32. 32. “As an individual I could do nothing. As a group we could find a way to solve each other’s problems”.
  33. 33. Degree of Community Participation Collective Action Co-Learning Cooperation Consulting Compliance Co-Option Towardsownership&sustainability Awayfromownership&sustainability
  34. 34. Co-option Token involvement of local people Representatives are chosen, but have no real input or power
  35. 35. Compliance Tasks are assigned, with INCENTIVES Outsiders decide agenda and direct the process
  36. 36. Consultation Local opinions are asked Outsiders analyze and decide on a course of action
  37. 37. Cooperation Local people work together with outsiders to determine priorities Responsibility remains with outsiders for directing the process
  38. 38. Co-learning Local people and outsiders share their knowledge to create new understanding Local people and outsiders work together to form action plans with outsiders facilitation
  39. 39. Group Work Define at which stage you are presently in your project.

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