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General Internal Medicine
Includes 50 Flashcards for Board Exam prep
www.knowmedge.com
INTERNAL MEDICINE BOARD REVIEW FLAS...
K N O W M E D G E
INTERNALMEDICINEBOARDREVIEWFLASHCARDS
General Internal Medicine
Email: support@knowmedge.com
Website: ww...
Dear Reader,
Thank you for downloading a copy of this eBook. If you are searching for study materials for your
medical boa...
Tumor marker CA 19-9 is associated with
which cancer?
Question 1
Pancreatic cancer
Answer 1
What cancer is associated with tumor
marker CA 125?
Question 2
Ovarian cancer
Answer 2
What cancer is associated with HPV 16
and HPV 18?
Question 3
Cervical cancer
Answer 3
What trimester in pregnancy is ideal for
air travel?
Question 4
Second trimester
Answer 4
What level is increased on bloodwork in
a patient with folate deficiency?
Question 5
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
Answer 5
What is the minimum timeframe that a
patient must live in a tropical country
before developing tropical sprue?
Question 6
...
What are 5 major medications that can
cause folate deficiency?
Question 7
Phenytoin, Trimethoprim, Metformin,
Methotrexate...
Which vitamin is most likely to be
deficient in a patient with celiac disease:
B1, B2, C, or D?
Question 8
Vitamin D
Answe...
In addition to fat-soluable vitamins, what
else is not absorbed in patients with
celiac disease?
Question 9
Folic acid, Ir...
Positive antibodies to tissue
transglutaminase suggests what
diagnosis?
Question 10
Celiac disease
Answer 10
What type of antidepressant is
imipramine?
Question 11
Tricyclic antidepressant
Answer 11
What is the first-line agent for major
depression?
Question 12
The first-line agent for major depression
is a selective se...
True or False: One of the most common
side effects of selective serontonin
reuptake inhibitors is sexual dysfunction
inclu...
What type of antidepressant is
duloxetine?
Question 14
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake
inhibitor (SNRI)
Answer 14
After a patient falls, what is the strongest
predictor of a fracture?
Question 15
Presence or absence of osteoporosis
Answ...
At what age is osteoporosis screening
initiated in women?
Question 16
65 years
Answer 16
In addition to age greater than 65 years,
what are the risk factors for
osteoporosis?
Question 17
Chronic glucocorticoid u...
What are the 3 main effects of serotonin
syndrome?
Question 18
Neuromuscular excitation, Autonomic
hyperactivity, and Alte...
What is the most common diagnostic
feature of serotonin toxicity?
Question 19
Clonus (usually at the ankle)
Answer 19
Of the following 3 pain medications,
which is most commonly implicated in
the development of serotonin
syndrome? Oxycodone...
What is the likely diagnosis in individuals
who restrict their caloric intake to a
minimum because of the fear of gaining
...
What are the main signs and symptoms
of anorexia nervosa?
Question 22
Symptoms include dry skin, cold
intolerance, and sof...
What is the preferred treatment for
eating disorders?
Question 23
Cognitive behavioral therapy. If
necessary after trying ...
At what age should cholesterol screening
be initiated in males?
Question 24
35 years of age
Answer 24
At what age is colorectal cancer
screening initiated in patients without
family history of colorecal cancer?
Question 25
5...
According to the latest guidelines by the
USPSTF, when should Pap smears be
initiated?
Question 26
Age 21, regardless of s...
What are the major reversible causes of
dementia?
Question 27
Hypothyroidism, Vitamin B12 deficiency,
Depression, Polyphar...
What are the major degenerative causes
of dementia?
Question 28
Multi-infarct dementia, Dementia with
Lewy bodies, Parkins...
How are reflexes affected in Subacute
combined degeneration and Multi-
infarct dementia?
Question 29
Increased reflexes
An...
Which type of anti-psychotic (atypical or
typical) is preferred due to the reduced
risk of tardive dyskinesia?
Question 30...
What type of anti-psychotic (atypical or
typical) are Haloperidol and
Fluphenazine?
Question 31
Typical anti-psychotic
Ans...
What are some examples of symptoms
related to tardive dyskinesia?
Question 32
Involuntary movements of the trunk and
lower...
Both postural and kinetic components
are seen in which tremor?
Question 33
Essential tremor
Answer 33
What is the typical frequency range of
essential tremors?
Question 34
7-10 Hertz
Answer 34
What are the main treatments for
essential tremors?
Question 35
Propranolol, Primidone, Gabapentin,
Alprazolam, or Topiram...
What are the 3 main indications for
prescribing prophylactic medication to
patients experiencing migraine
headaches?
Quest...
Which tricyclic antidepressant is typically
used for prophylaxis against migraines?
Question 37
Amitriptyline
Answer 37
What type of urinary incontinence
occurs because of increased detrusor
bladder activity?
Question 38
Urge incontinence
Ans...
What agents can be used in the
treatment of urge incontinence?
Question 39
Anti-cholinergic agents (e.g. oxybutynin,
tolte...
What do the 5 R's represent in the
motivational interviewing technique for
smoking cessation counseling?
Question 40
Relev...
HLA-2 allele presents to which CD
marker?
Question 41
HLA-2 allele presents to CD4 marker
Answer 41
HLA-1 allele presents to what CD
marker?
Question 42
HLA-1 allele presents to CD8 cell marker
Answer 42
(CD4 or CD8) is involved in cell mediated
immunity.
Question 43
CD4 is involved in cell mediated
immunity
Answer 43
What signs and symptoms are seen in
patients using phencyclidine in low
doses?
Question 44
Loss of coordination, slurred s...
What signs and symptoms are seen in
patients using phencyclidine in high
doses?
Question 45
Depersonalization--a sensation...
To what category of drugs does
phencyclidine belong?
Question 46
NMDA receptor antagonists
Answer 46
In overflow incontinence, is the detrusor
activity increased, decreased, or the
same as unaffected patients?
Question 47
D...
Which type of urinary incontinence is
defined by increased detrusor (bladder
muscle) activity?
Question 48
Urge incontinen...
If behavioral therapy (e.g. frequent
voiding, biofeedback) fails to control
urge incontinence, what is the mainstay
of pha...
What type of urinary incontinence is due
to increased intra-abdominal pressure
overwhelming the urinary sphincter
tone?
Qu...
Want more flashcards?
Sign up today @
www.knowmedge.com/sign_up
Over 4,000 IM Flashcards designed to help you
learn and re...
Ultimate Internal Medicine Learning Platform!
900+ questions
4,000+ flashcards
1,500+ mnemonics
Video explanations
Printab...
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Internal Medicine Board Review - General Internal Medicine Flashcards - by Knowmedge

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Internal Medicine Board Review Flashcards - This eBook contains 50 General Internal Medicine Flashcards. The Flashcards are review questions and can be used to study for medical board exams including the USMLE Step Exams and the ABIM Internal Medicine Exam. More questions can be found at www.knowmedge.com

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Internal Medicine Board Review - General Internal Medicine Flashcards - by Knowmedge

  1. 1. General Internal Medicine Includes 50 Flashcards for Board Exam prep www.knowmedge.com INTERNAL MEDICINE BOARD REVIEW FLASHCARDS
  2. 2. K N O W M E D G E INTERNALMEDICINEBOARDREVIEWFLASHCARDS General Internal Medicine Email: support@knowmedge.com Website: www.knowmedge.com Facebook: www.facebook.com/knowmedge Twitter: www.twitter.com/knowmedge YouTube: www.youtube.com/knowmedge Google+: www.google.com/+knowmedge Pinterest: www.pinterest.com/knowmedge Copyright © 2015 Knowmedge ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means–graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, web distribution–without the prior written permission of Knowmedge
  3. 3. Dear Reader, Thank you for downloading a copy of this eBook. If you are searching for study materials for your medical board exam, you are on the verge of a significant milestone in your professional journey. Knowmedge is a medical education learning platform that was launched in April 2013. It features over 900 Internal Medicine questions, 4,000+ flashcards, 1,500+ medical mnemonics… all designed to help you learn and reinforce the key concepts covered on the exam. In addition, each of the Knowmedge Internal Medicine questions features a highly interactive audio visual explanation, in which our content experts walk you through the principles underlying each question to methodically arrive at the correct answer. This book contains 50 quick review General Internal Medicine flashcards written by the team of Knowmedge doctors. We hope you find the questions in this book to be a valuable asset as you prepare for your upcoming exam. If you are interested in learning more about Knowmedge, please visit us at www.knowmedge.com. If you have any questions about the contents of this eBook, send me a note at ravi@knowmedge.com Best of luck in your preparations! Sincerely, Ravi Ravi Bhatia, MD Co-founder, Chief Editor Knowmedge
  4. 4. Tumor marker CA 19-9 is associated with which cancer? Question 1 Pancreatic cancer Answer 1
  5. 5. What cancer is associated with tumor marker CA 125? Question 2 Ovarian cancer Answer 2
  6. 6. What cancer is associated with HPV 16 and HPV 18? Question 3 Cervical cancer Answer 3
  7. 7. What trimester in pregnancy is ideal for air travel? Question 4 Second trimester Answer 4
  8. 8. What level is increased on bloodwork in a patient with folate deficiency? Question 5 Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Answer 5
  9. 9. What is the minimum timeframe that a patient must live in a tropical country before developing tropical sprue? Question 6 1 month Answer 6
  10. 10. What are 5 major medications that can cause folate deficiency? Question 7 Phenytoin, Trimethoprim, Metformin, Methotrexate and Sulfasalazine Answer 7
  11. 11. Which vitamin is most likely to be deficient in a patient with celiac disease: B1, B2, C, or D? Question 8 Vitamin D Answer 8
  12. 12. In addition to fat-soluable vitamins, what else is not absorbed in patients with celiac disease? Question 9 Folic acid, Iron, Vitamin B12 Answer 9
  13. 13. Positive antibodies to tissue transglutaminase suggests what diagnosis? Question 10 Celiac disease Answer 10
  14. 14. What type of antidepressant is imipramine? Question 11 Tricyclic antidepressant Answer 11
  15. 15. What is the first-line agent for major depression? Question 12 The first-line agent for major depression is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Answer 12
  16. 16. True or False: One of the most common side effects of selective serontonin reuptake inhibitors is sexual dysfunction including decreased libido Question 13 True Answer 13
  17. 17. What type of antidepressant is duloxetine? Question 14 Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) Answer 14
  18. 18. After a patient falls, what is the strongest predictor of a fracture? Question 15 Presence or absence of osteoporosis Answer 15
  19. 19. At what age is osteoporosis screening initiated in women? Question 16 65 years Answer 16
  20. 20. In addition to age greater than 65 years, what are the risk factors for osteoporosis? Question 17 Chronic glucocorticoid use, previous fracture, low body weight (less than 127 lbs), cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, family history of hip fracture Answer 17
  21. 21. What are the 3 main effects of serotonin syndrome? Question 18 Neuromuscular excitation, Autonomic hyperactivity, and Altered mental status Answer 18
  22. 22. What is the most common diagnostic feature of serotonin toxicity? Question 19 Clonus (usually at the ankle) Answer 19
  23. 23. Of the following 3 pain medications, which is most commonly implicated in the development of serotonin syndrome? Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone/acetaminophen Question 20 Tramadol Answer 20
  24. 24. What is the likely diagnosis in individuals who restrict their caloric intake to a minimum because of the fear of gaining weight and losing their ideal body image? Question 21 Anorexia nervosa Answer 21
  25. 25. What are the main signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa? Question 22 Symptoms include dry skin, cold intolerance, and soft downy hair (also known as lanugo). Signs include hypothermia, hypotension and bradycardia Answer 22
  26. 26. What is the preferred treatment for eating disorders? Question 23 Cognitive behavioral therapy. If necessary after trying psychotherapy, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be prescribed. Answer 23
  27. 27. At what age should cholesterol screening be initiated in males? Question 24 35 years of age Answer 24
  28. 28. At what age is colorectal cancer screening initiated in patients without family history of colorecal cancer? Question 25 50 years Answer 25
  29. 29. According to the latest guidelines by the USPSTF, when should Pap smears be initiated? Question 26 Age 21, regardless of sexual history Answer 26
  30. 30. What are the major reversible causes of dementia? Question 27 Hypothyroidism, Vitamin B12 deficiency, Depression, Polypharmacy, Normal pressure hydrocephalus, or infections like Syphilis, Lyme disease, Meningitis and Whipple’s disease Answer 27
  31. 31. What are the major degenerative causes of dementia? Question 28 Multi-infarct dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson’s, Frontotemporal dementia (Pick’s disease) and Alzheimer’s dementia Answer 28
  32. 32. How are reflexes affected in Subacute combined degeneration and Multi- infarct dementia? Question 29 Increased reflexes Answer 29
  33. 33. Which type of anti-psychotic (atypical or typical) is preferred due to the reduced risk of tardive dyskinesia? Question 30 Atypical anti-psychotic Answer 30
  34. 34. What type of anti-psychotic (atypical or typical) are Haloperidol and Fluphenazine? Question 31 Typical anti-psychotic Answer 31
  35. 35. What are some examples of symptoms related to tardive dyskinesia? Question 32 Involuntary movements of the trunk and lower face including tongue rolling, lip smacking, facial grimacing, and repetitive chewing Answer 32
  36. 36. Both postural and kinetic components are seen in which tremor? Question 33 Essential tremor Answer 33
  37. 37. What is the typical frequency range of essential tremors? Question 34 7-10 Hertz Answer 34
  38. 38. What are the main treatments for essential tremors? Question 35 Propranolol, Primidone, Gabapentin, Alprazolam, or Topiramate Answer 35
  39. 39. What are the 3 main indications for prescribing prophylactic medication to patients experiencing migraine headaches? Question 36 Beta blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Topiramate, Amitriptyline Answer 36
  40. 40. Which tricyclic antidepressant is typically used for prophylaxis against migraines? Question 37 Amitriptyline Answer 37
  41. 41. What type of urinary incontinence occurs because of increased detrusor bladder activity? Question 38 Urge incontinence Answer 38
  42. 42. What agents can be used in the treatment of urge incontinence? Question 39 Anti-cholinergic agents (e.g. oxybutynin, tolteridine, and imipramine) Answer 39
  43. 43. What do the 5 R's represent in the motivational interviewing technique for smoking cessation counseling? Question 40 Relevance, Risk, Reward, Roadblock, Repetition Answer 40
  44. 44. HLA-2 allele presents to which CD marker? Question 41 HLA-2 allele presents to CD4 marker Answer 41
  45. 45. HLA-1 allele presents to what CD marker? Question 42 HLA-1 allele presents to CD8 cell marker Answer 42
  46. 46. (CD4 or CD8) is involved in cell mediated immunity. Question 43 CD4 is involved in cell mediated immunity Answer 43
  47. 47. What signs and symptoms are seen in patients using phencyclidine in low doses? Question 44 Loss of coordination, slurred speech and loss of balance Answer 44
  48. 48. What signs and symptoms are seen in patients using phencyclidine in high doses? Question 45 Depersonalization--a sensation of “living a dream,” hallucinations and hostile or aggressive behavior. Answer 45
  49. 49. To what category of drugs does phencyclidine belong? Question 46 NMDA receptor antagonists Answer 46
  50. 50. In overflow incontinence, is the detrusor activity increased, decreased, or the same as unaffected patients? Question 47 Detrusor activity is decreased Answer 47
  51. 51. Which type of urinary incontinence is defined by increased detrusor (bladder muscle) activity? Question 48 Urge incontinence Answer 48
  52. 52. If behavioral therapy (e.g. frequent voiding, biofeedback) fails to control urge incontinence, what is the mainstay of pharmacological treatment? Question 49 Anti-cholinergics (e.g. oxybutinin or tolterodine) Answer 49
  53. 53. What type of urinary incontinence is due to increased intra-abdominal pressure overwhelming the urinary sphincter tone? Question 50 Stress incontinence Answer 50
  54. 54. Want more flashcards? Sign up today @ www.knowmedge.com/sign_up Over 4,000 IM Flashcards designed to help you learn and retain knowledge for the boards!
  55. 55. Ultimate Internal Medicine Learning Platform! 900+ questions 4,000+ flashcards 1,500+ mnemonics Video explanations Printable explanations www.knowmedge.com

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