Standard Indicator Activity 1


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Standard Indicator Activity 1

  1. 1. Medicine Magic: Science and Technology By Kalena Gries 9-16-09
  2. 2. Science Standard 1 – The Nature of Science and Technology <ul><li>Indicator 4.1.7 – Discuss and give examples of how technology, such as computers and medicines, has improved the lives of many people, although the benefits are not equally available to all. </li></ul><ul><li>Taken from: </li></ul><ul><li>Link to activity: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Vaccine – a substance made from the germs that cause a disease which is given to people to prevent them getting the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Symptom – a sign or an indication of disorder or disease, especially when experienced by an individual as a change from normal function, sensation, or appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis -- the act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation of patient history, examination, and review of laboratory data; the opinion derived from such an evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription – a written order, especially by a physician, for the preparation and administration of a medicine or other treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacy – the place where drugs are prepared, dispensed, or sold; a drugstore. Also called apothecary. </li></ul><ul><li>Taken from: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background Information <ul><li>Although it is inconvenient to get sick, recovering from an illness today is a lot faster and easier than it was even 100 years ago. A century ago, if you were sick, the doctor would come to you, but he had very few medicines to help make you better; most illness were not treatable. Today, if you feel sick, you go to the doctor’s office where he will likely give you a medicine to treat your specific illness. Unfortunately, even today not everyone can go to the doctor and get the medicine they need. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Discuss and Brainstorm <ul><li>What do you do to get better when you are sick? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the doctor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rest/sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wash hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drink lots of water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Illnesses to Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicken pox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarlet fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strep throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whooping cough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research <ul><li>Divide the class into pairs, give each pair a copy of the BLM Magic Medicine , and let each pair pick an illness to research. Review the BLM so students know what info. they are seeking. </li></ul><ul><li>Take students to the library and/or computer lab to find information on their illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible research websites: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. Medicine Magic Example <ul><li>Name of illness: Smallpox </li></ul><ul><li>Name of treatment (or vaccine): Smallpox vaccine (1 st successful vaccine to be developed); Dryvax (modern name for the vaccine) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist(s) who discovered treatment (or vaccine): Edward Jenner </li></ul><ul><li>Date of discovery: 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>Location of discovery: England </li></ul><ul><li>How was it discovered? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jenner took the fluid from a cowpox pustule on a dairymaid's hand and inoculated an 8-year-old boy. Six weeks later, he exposed the boy to smallpox, and the boy did not develop any symptoms.” (From ) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Medicine Magic Example Cont. <ul><li>How has this treatment (or vaccine) made people’s lives better? </li></ul><ul><li>The vaccine has been used to eradicate smallpox worldwide. A few samples of the virus still exist in laboratories for research and to make the vaccine. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it available to most people? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, it has been administered worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why you think this treatment (or vaccine) is or is not available to most people. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization (WHO) launched a massive, worldwide outbreak search and vaccination program to fight smallpox. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Medicine Magic Summaries/Conclusions <ul><li>Allow each pair of students to share the information they collected about their illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss any similarities in reasons for why medical treatment is or is not equally available to everyone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty of actually getting it to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessity of treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extend this idea of unequal availability to other inventions and technologies, such as computer/internet, electricity, indoor plumbing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>4.1.7 summary – Technology has made our lives easier and improved our quality of life; the benefits, however, are not experienced everywhere around the world. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resources <ul><li>Smallpox </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vaccines </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>