Standard Indicator Activity 2

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Standard Indicator Activity 2

  1. 1. 3-D Building:3-D Building: Shapes and SymbolicShapes and Symbolic RelationshipsRelationships By Kalena GriesBy Kalena Gries 9-30-099-30-09
  2. 2. Science Standard 5 – TheScience Standard 5 – The Mathematical WorldMathematical World  Indicator 5.5.3 – Classify objects in termsIndicator 5.5.3 – Classify objects in terms of simple figures and solids.of simple figures and solids.  Taken from:Taken from: http://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStandhttp://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStand  Link to activity:Link to activity: http://www.indianastandardsresources.org/fileshttp://www.indianastandardsresources.org/files
  3. 3. DefinitionsDefinitions  Solid –Solid – of or relating to three-dimensionalof or relating to three-dimensional geometric figures, bodies, or shapesgeometric figures, bodies, or shapes  Architect –Architect – a person qualified to designa person qualified to design and supervise the construction ofand supervise the construction of buildingsbuildings  Key –Key – a list of explanations of symbols,a list of explanations of symbols, codes, or abbreviationscodes, or abbreviations  Taken from:Taken from: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/http://www.thefreedictionary.com/
  4. 4. Background InformationBackground Information  Shapes are all around us, often in 3-dimensionalShapes are all around us, often in 3-dimensional form. They make our world interesting andform. They make our world interesting and decorate our skyline. The “inventor” of thedecorate our skyline. The “inventor” of the skyscraper was George A. Fuller. While there wasskyscraper was George A. Fuller. While there was not really a “first” skyscraper because of thenot really a “first” skyscraper because of the different building elements, the earliest skyscrapersdifferent building elements, the earliest skyscrapers include Chicago's Home Insurance Building, Newinclude Chicago's Home Insurance Building, New York City’s Flatiron Building, and the TacomaYork City’s Flatiron Building, and the Tacoma Building. At over 2,600 ft., the tallest skyscraper isBuilding. At over 2,600 ft., the tallest skyscraper is Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. MaybeBurj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Maybe one day you’ll top that. Pictures of some of theseone day you’ll top that. Pictures of some of these buildings can be found by clicking on thebuildings can be found by clicking on the background info. links on the resources slide.background info. links on the resources slide.
  5. 5. BrainstormBrainstorm  On a separate sheet of paper…On a separate sheet of paper…  List as many geometric shapes as you canList as many geometric shapes as you can think of.think of.  What does an architect do?What does an architect do?  How might an architect use shapes?How might an architect use shapes?  Sample answers can be found at the end,Sample answers can be found at the end, but please try to answer these on yourbut please try to answer these on your own before looking at them.own before looking at them.
  6. 6. IdentifyIdentify  Architects use many shapes in their designs. TheArchitects use many shapes in their designs. The house below uses circles, rectangles, triangles,house below uses circles, rectangles, triangles, among other shapes.among other shapes.
  7. 7. Identify AgainIdentify Again  Look at the picture of the little house below. What shapes did theLook at the picture of the little house below. What shapes did the architect use in this house? Name them and trace them with yourarchitect use in this house? Name them and trace them with your finger.finger.
  8. 8. ConstructConstruct  Some of the shapes that you brainstormed can be combinedSome of the shapes that you brainstormed can be combined to make 3-dimensional solids. For example, six squaresto make 3-dimensional solids. For example, six squares make a cube and two circles and a rectangle make amake a cube and two circles and a rectangle make a cylinder.cylinder.  By yourself or with a partner, you are going to be an architectBy yourself or with a partner, you are going to be an architect and create your own building with some of these 3-D solids:and create your own building with some of these 3-D solids: triangular prism, cube, rectangular prism, cone, cylinder, andtriangular prism, cube, rectangular prism, cone, cylinder, and square pyramid. You will need to cut them out, fold the tabs,square pyramid. You will need to cut them out, fold the tabs, and then tape or glue the sides of each shape. After eachand then tape or glue the sides of each shape. After each shape is made, stack them together in any way you want toshape is made, stack them together in any way you want to make a building.make a building.  There is an example building on the next slide. Try toThere is an example building on the next slide. Try to identify the shapes that were used to make it. Rememberidentify the shapes that were used to make it. Remember that this is only an example and that you need to make yourthat this is only an example and that you need to make your own.own.
  9. 9. 3-D Building Example3-D Building Example
  10. 10. 3-D Building Extension: Blueprints3-D Building Extension: Blueprints  Now that you have constructed your building, draw aNow that you have constructed your building, draw a picture of your building and label the shapes youpicture of your building and label the shapes you used to create it. This “blueprint” will act as anused to create it. This “blueprint” will act as an answer key. See the example below. Once you areanswer key. See the example below. Once you are done with your blueprint, put it in the materials folderdone with your blueprint, put it in the materials folder so that it can be checked.so that it can be checked.
  11. 11. 3-D Building3-D Building Summaries/ConclusionsSummaries/Conclusions  On a separate sheet of paper, answer the followingOn a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions.questions.  How did you choose what shapes to use to build your building?How did you choose what shapes to use to build your building?  Were there any shapes that you saw in the pictures of houses thatWere there any shapes that you saw in the pictures of houses that were not in your building? Which ones? Why were they not inwere not in your building? Which ones? Why were they not in your building? Did you want them to be?your building? Did you want them to be?  Did you use all of the solids available to you? Why or why not?Did you use all of the solids available to you? Why or why not?  What is the difference between a simple shape and a solid?What is the difference between a simple shape and a solid?  Be sure to put your blueprint and the answers to yourBe sure to put your blueprint and the answers to your brainstorm questions and your summaries questionsbrainstorm questions and your summaries questions (above) in the materials folder to be checked.(above) in the materials folder to be checked.  Shapes and solids are all around us. They are found inShapes and solids are all around us. They are found in buildings and houses, games, textbooks, and sometimesbuildings and houses, games, textbooks, and sometimes even the clouds. Our world would be a blob withouteven the clouds. Our world would be a blob without geometric shapes.geometric shapes.
  12. 12. ResourcesResources  House pictures:House pictures:  http://z.about.com/d/architecture/1/0/T/K/mcmansion-010030http://z.about.com/d/architecture/1/0/T/K/mcmansion-010030  http://blogs.realestate.com.au/outthere/upload/2008/01/littlhttp://blogs.realestate.com.au/outthere/upload/2008/01/littl e%20house.JPGe%20house.JPG  Background Info:Background Info:  http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blskyscapers.hhttp://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blskyscapers.h tmtm  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skyscraperhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skyscraper  http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O119-http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O119- Skyscrapers.htmlSkyscrapers.html  http://www.skyscraper.org/TALLEST_TOWERS/tallest.htmhttp://www.skyscraper.org/TALLEST_TOWERS/tallest.htm
  13. 13. Brainstorm and Discuss:Brainstorm and Discuss: Possible AnswersPossible Answers  Geometric shapesGeometric shapes  SquareSquare  RectangleRectangle  TriangleTriangle  CircleCircle  OvalOval  ParallelogramParallelogram  RhombusRhombus  TrapezoidTrapezoid  PentagonPentagon  HexagonHexagon  What does an architectWhat does an architect do?do?  Draw up (design)Draw up (design) buildingsbuildings  Make sure buildings areMake sure buildings are built right (supervise)built right (supervise)  How might an architectHow might an architect use shapes?use shapes?  The materials used areThe materials used are different shapes.different shapes.  He/she makes buildingsHe/she makes buildings into different shapes.into different shapes.

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