Canadian History (1920-1930) assignment


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My grade assignment. We were supposed to demonstrate life in the 1920-1930s in Canada. I also included all the sources that I used.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • Really interesting and an excellent initial overview over the period - well done, well researched. And thanks . . .
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Canadian History (1920-1930) assignment

  1. 1. The Roaring Twenties & Dirty Thirties By: Kateryna Mrs. X’s Class P.2 Due: Nov 4, 2009
  2. 2. Jobs 1920 Gauze factory worker circa 1920
  3. 3. The Roaring Twenties <ul><li>During the 1920’s men were only coming back from the war because of the poor transportation. That is why women were once again losing their place in the workforce and going back to being domestic housewives. </li></ul>However, as the economy improved, industries began to flourish… Many people began to move into cities because of the thriving economy. During the 20s Toronto became a popular place to live in
  4. 4. Female Jobs During the 20s <ul><li>Servants </li></ul><ul><li>Secretaries </li></ul><ul><li>Salesclerks </li></ul><ul><li>Nurses </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Stenographers </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone Operators </li></ul>Female telephone operators were usually called ‘Hello Girls’. They helped transfer long distance calls
  5. 5. Male Jobs during the 20s <ul><li>Lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Professors </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>Investor (Stock Market) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Worker </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot (transporting </li></ul><ul><li>mail/resources) </li></ul><ul><li>Miners </li></ul>A factory worker hard at work.
  6. 6. Other Facts About the 20s <ul><li>Once men came back from the war, it was hard for them to find jobs. Employers preferred to hire women or youth as they cost less. </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly lines allowed more work to get done faster. Immigrants and men who were not as experienced had the opportunity to work in factories. </li></ul>A typical assembly line for diesel engines during the 1920s
  7. 7. Unemployed men protesting during the 1930’s Jobs 1930
  8. 8. The Dirty Thirties <ul><li>The 1930’s marked ‘The Great Depression’. The depression began during the stock market crash on October 29th, 1929 in the United States. Many people lost their jobs and companies went bankrupt in Canada. Working conditions worsened and wages decreased while prices increased. </li></ul>The depression affected many people. Canadians were left homeless and unemployed
  9. 9. Unemployment During the 1930s <ul><li>There were very few jobs available for men during ‘The Great Depression’. Unemployed men would reluctantly apply for relief. Few were lucky enough to keep their jobs, and those who were unemployed had to apply for relief camps. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, life in a relief camp was horrible as not only were the men overworked; they worked in poor conditions as well. </li></ul>Men working for a relief camp
  10. 10. <ul><li>Another option for unemployed men during the 30s was to move and find better jobs. Such men were transients as they didn’t stay in one location for a long time. These men also did not qualify for relief. </li></ul>Unemployed men gathering on the street circa 1930
  11. 11. The Working Woman During the 30s <ul><li>While the economy worsened women went back to being domestic housewives. It became unacceptable for a woman to take a man’s job. The single women who did work did so in poor working conditions and for small wages. </li></ul>Wages were low for the women who still had their jobs
  12. 12. The Working Woman During the 30s <ul><li>It became a scandal if a married woman worked, that was why girls chose to remain single after they finished school. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and being a nurse were the two jobs that remained the most popular among women. </li></ul>A female teacher circa 1930
  13. 13. Political Climate 1920 William Lyon Mackenzie King was the prime minister of Canada during the 1920’s
  14. 14. Canada During the 1920s <ul><li>Canada gained independence from Britain as the Balfour Report declared Canada an autonomous community. This allowed Canada to make its own laws without Britain's interference. This, however did not allow Canada to alter its constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1920s were considered prosperous times for Canada. The economy was booming, but the government paid little attention to it. The government focused mostly on paying off the debts from WWI. </li></ul>A copy of the Balfour Report
  15. 15. Politics of the 1920s <ul><li>The prime minister of the 20s was William Lyon Mackenzie King of the Liberal Party. </li></ul><ul><li>During the ‘Roaring Twenties’ another political party formed. It was because of the immense wheat harvest in the prairies that lowered the price of wheat. This caused the farmers to be in an uncomfortable situation; hence they formed their own political party. This party was called the Progressive Party. </li></ul>William Lyon Mackenzie King
  16. 16. Political Climate 1930 R.B. Bennett was the prime minister of Canada during the 1930’s The political climate in the 1930’s was extremely different than that of the 20s. The main reason for this was ‘The Great Depression’.
  17. 17. The Prime Minister <ul><li>William Lyon Mackenzie King was the prime minister of Canada in the beginning of the 1930’s. His failure to do something about the economic crisis in Canada is what lost him an election to R.B. Bennett. </li></ul>A poster which is supposed to entice people t o vote Liberal
  18. 18. R.B. Bennett <ul><li>R.B. Bennett was considered to be a poor leader to some because of the unstable economic situation. However he did take initiative into creating the Bank of Canada, the Canadian Broadcasting Association, the Canadian Wheat Board, and the New Deal. </li></ul>R.B. Bennett
  19. 19. R.B. Bennett <ul><li>The New Deal promised workers a minimum wage, unemployment pay, health insurance, pension and more. </li></ul><ul><li>R.B. Bennett was said to give an accumulated amount of thousands to people who would mail him and ask him for money. </li></ul>An artists description of R.B. Bennett. Notice how every face is that of the prime minister…
  20. 20. Fads and Fashions 1920 The ‘Flapper’ look was popular in the 20’s
  21. 21. Fads of the 20s <ul><li>During the ‘Roaring Twenties’ Canada was greatly influenced by the United States concerning fads and fashions. </li></ul><ul><li>The many fads in the 20s included… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mahjong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crosswords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long races </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marathons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A popular dance of the 1920’s was ‘The Charleston’, while a popular music genre was jazz. </li></ul>Girls enjoying a game of Mahjong
  22. 22. Female Fashion <ul><li>Short, bobbed hair </li></ul><ul><li>Galoshes </li></ul><ul><li>Unbuckled buckles </li></ul><ul><li>Dresses/skirts above the knees </li></ul><ul><li>Stockings rolled down </li></ul><ul><li>Flapper look </li></ul>The Flapper look was popular among women
  23. 23. Male Fashion <ul><li>Baggy pants </li></ul><ul><li>Knickers </li></ul><ul><li>Bright hats </li></ul><ul><li>Bow tie </li></ul><ul><li>Parted in the middle, greased hair </li></ul><ul><li>Slim suits </li></ul>Male fashion circa 1920
  24. 24. Fads and Fashions 1930 The Jitterbug was a popular dance/fad
  25. 25. Fads of the 1930s <ul><li>After the Wall Street crash, people had less money to spend on fashions and fads. Women had to resort to sewing their own clothes rather then buying new ones as it was cheaper. </li></ul><ul><li>One popular fad of the 30s was the jitterbug, a popular dance. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Male Fashion <ul><li>Old shirts </li></ul><ul><li>Jeans </li></ul><ul><li>Leather boots </li></ul><ul><li>Hats </li></ul>Men’s fashion during the 1930’s was more casual
  27. 27. Female Fashion <ul><li>V shape neckline </li></ul><ul><li>Length of skirts dropped back to the ankles </li></ul><ul><li>Yokes </li></ul><ul><li>Layered, ruffled skirts </li></ul><ul><li>Velvet </li></ul><ul><li>Balloon sleeves </li></ul><ul><li>Small waists </li></ul><ul><li>Fur </li></ul><ul><li>Pillbox hat </li></ul><ul><li>Longer, but still short, curly hair </li></ul>An example of female fashion during the 30s
  28. 28. Entertainment 1920 People enjoyed being up to date with the going-ons of popular celebrities
  29. 29. En tertainment During 1920 <ul><li>In the 1920’s people enjoyed music and movies (talkies). Silent movies were rare in the ‘Boom Years’. </li></ul><ul><li>A popular book that was released in the 20s was Whinnie the Pooh. It was greatly enjoyed by all ages. </li></ul><ul><li>People kept themselves entertained with cartoons, movies and the radio! </li></ul>Everything you need to know about Talkies!
  30. 30. Entertainment During the 1920s <ul><li>George Gershwin and Bessie Smith were both popular musicians of the 20s </li></ul><ul><li>People also entertained themselves by dancing the Charleston and listening to jazz music. </li></ul><ul><li>Marathons were also popular as well as sports such as hockey, basketball, golf and more! </li></ul>The Charleston was a popular dance in the 20s
  31. 31. Entertainment 1930
  32. 32. Entertainment During 1930s <ul><li>In the 1930’s people had to be entertained in order to forget their financial troubles. Movies and radios were a form of entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>Gone With the Wind and The Wizard of Oz were popular movies that entertained the people of the 30s. </li></ul><ul><li>A dance called the Jitterbug was a great way of enjoyment. </li></ul>Gone With the Wind was a popular movie
  33. 33. Technology 1920-1930
  34. 34. Technology <ul><li>The Boom Years were the years that marked many breakthroughs for technology. Inventions such as the automobile, the radio, and the telephone made life easier for people in Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ford T model was one of the most popular automobiles of the 1920’s because of its simple design, low price and low maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly lines made production of automobiles faster and easier. </li></ul>The Ford T model
  35. 35. Inventions <ul><li>Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Video Cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Talking movies </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly lines </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Light </li></ul><ul><li>Lie Detector </li></ul><ul><li>Refrigerator </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Washing Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Iron </li></ul>A typical radio
  36. 36. Media 1920-1930
  37. 37. Media <ul><li>Media in the 20s and 30s was completely different from before. People had access to news from all over the world via radio or newspapers. Canadians were informed about events such as the Chanak Crisis. However, while the media was informative, it was also entertaining as well. Movies and radio broadcasts appealed to audiences of all ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Actors such as Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford all gained recognition for their contribution in the entertainment business. </li></ul>Mary Pickford was a Canadian sweetheart
  38. 38. Media <ul><li>Advertisements became quite common, especially on the radio. </li></ul><ul><li>A very popular media sensation was the Dionne Quintuplets. Five baby girl sisters that miraculously survived their birth. Their image was often used by advertisers on products. </li></ul>The Dionne Quintuplets
  39. 39. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Women in the 1920s.&quot; Roaring Twenties . 1 Nov. 2009 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Did the 1920's Roar for Canada?&quot;. Essay Depot 1 Nov. 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Working Women in the 1930s.&quot; Novel Guide . 1995. All Books. 1 Nov. 2009 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Canadian Politics during the 1920s.&quot; Spiritus-Temporis . 2005. Lexicon. 1 Nov 1995 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Horn, Michiel. &quot;The Dirty Thirties.&quot; Mccord Museum . Musee McCord Museum. 1 Nov. 2009 < =GE_P4_1_EN&Lang=2 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Fads Fashions and American Influences.&quot; The Roaring Twenties . 1 Nov. 2009 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen, Meyer. &quot;The Degradation of Work Revisited: Workers and Technology in the American Auto Industry, 1900-2000.&quot;  Automobile in American Life and Society . N.p., 2004. Web. November 1st, 2009.< > </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Thirties Fads and Fashions.&quot; ThinkQuest . ThinkQuest. 1 Nov 2009 < >. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;1920’s Entertainment.&quot; ThinkQuest Think Questio. 1 Nov. 2009 < >.Stajfer. &quot;1930’s Entertainment.&quot; TVDSB . 1 Nov. 2009 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Impact of Technology on 1920s Life.&quot; PSCST . Angelfire. 1 Nov. 2009 < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;1920’s Inventions.&quot; MrG . Slideshare. 1 Nov. 2009 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Unemployed Parade in Toronto in the Great Depression.&quot; 1930. Online image. Canada Online. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur E. Blackstone. &quot; Dictaphone machines.&quot; 1930. Online image. Early Office Museum. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>Robinson, Thomas. &quot;1930s Fashion model.&quot; 1930. Online image. Historic Photo Archieve. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;1920’s speakeasy test.&quot; 3 Dec. 2007. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Butterfly.&quot; 19 Oct. 2006. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;vintage..&quot; 9 Apr. 2007. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Background.&quot; 13 Apr. 2005. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Background.&quot; 1 Mar. 2005. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Flapper deco.&quot; 26 Mar. 2006. Online image. Deviantart. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Men working in pottery factory .&quot; 2001. Online image. Maryland Historical Society. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blue Earth.&quot; Online image. International Summer School on EU Law and Policy. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;William Mackenzie King.&quot; Online image. Lessignets. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;R.B. Bennett.&quot; Online image. Tripod. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Winning Hand.&quot; Online image. Mahjong Museum. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Flapper Girl.&quot; Online image. Halloween Costumes. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;1920’s Formal Male Wear.&quot; Online image. Wikispaces. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;1930’s Female Fashions.” Online image. Imageshack. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Author/Artist if available. &quot;The Original Charleston.&quot; Online image. Blogger. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Gone With the Wind.&quot; Date of image. Online image. The Films. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Radio.&quot; Date of image. Online image. Pax Radio. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Dionne Quintuplets.&quot; 1930. Online image. Blogger. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot; A Gauze Mill Employee .&quot; Online image. Kilmer House. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Toronto 1930 .&quot; Online image. wikimedia. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Diesel Assembly Line .&quot; Online image. Bobby. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unemployed People on Streets .&quot; Online image. On Zone. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Relief Workers .&quot; Online image. YesNet. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unemployed Men 1930 .&quot; Online image. Milton Keynes Communists. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teacher 1930 .&quot; Online image. Photo Search. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mackenzie King .&quot; Online image. Wikia. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Bibliography <ul><li>“ Balfour Report .&quot; Online image. New Jersey Solidarity. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Liberal Poster .&quot; Online image. Wiki Media. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ R.B. Bennett .&quot; Online image. Canada History. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ R.B. Bennett Funny Picture .&quot; Online image. Parks Canada. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// = en&start =5&sig2=wg0cpDcYCF5Ox8rvLWYirQ&um=1&tbnid=YdP00RuptR46tM:&tbnh=124&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3DR.B.%2BBennett%2Bcartoon%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1&ei=kTDySsSfH4fktAPW1p0Q >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jitterbug.&quot; Online image. DK Images. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Talkies Tutorial.&quot; Online image. FilmYear. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ford T Model.&quot; Online image. Automobile Magazine. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Bibliography <ul><li>“ Mary Pickford.&quot; Online image. ListaL. 1 Nov. 2009. < >. </li></ul>