What is the Honolulu Technique?• Cloning: when multiple identical copies of a DNA sequence are made. Cloning is also used to create an organism from a clone cell.• Honolulu Technique: o one of three ways of cloning o produce live, healthy, cloned male or female offspring from the fibroblast cells of adult animals
Facts• Developed by Teruhiko Wakayama and Ryuzo Yanagimachi at the University of Hawaii.• Scientists have successfully produced five generations of healthy cloned mice.• Scientist believe that in the future Honolulu Technique can be used to treat AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and also diabetes.• 3 out of every 100 attempts are successful.
Steps of Honolulu Technique• Step 1: – A cell’s nucleus is removed from the organism being cloned.• Step 2: – Next a donor nucleus is transferred into an egg.
• Step 3: – Then the egg is treated with special chemicals and taken care of until it is able to be placed into the surrogate mother.• Step 4: – An identical cloned baby is made.• Step 5: – Process is repeated over and over again in order to make more copies.
Pros• Creates exact copies• more successful than the Roslin Technique• Scientist believe this technique can be used to treat AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and also diabetes.• Scientist can test this technique to broaden their understandings and learn more useful ideas on ways to use the technique
Cons• Expensive• Reduces genetic diversity• Created many mutations before it was successful• If a virus gets into the mix it can knock out a whole generation of clones