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Cloning within   Animals     Nikki Sumner      Biology 101       Fall 2011
What exactly is Animal           Cloning?• When the term animal cloning  is used, it is typically referring  to the artifi...
Therapeutic Cloning             vs.     Reproductive Cloning• Therapeutic Cloning refers to cloning cells  from an adult a...
How does cloning work?•Two females are needed tobegin the cloning process•A body cell is extracted fromthe first female, t...
• Once they are  combined, the egg cell is  placed into the 1st  female’s uterus• The cloned embryo  will now begin to  de...
What are the concerns with      animal cloning?• High failure rate• DNA Mutations• Developmental      Problems  • Ethical ...
How can cloning be used?• Repopulate endangered species• Help aid in animal breeding for those species  that have difficul...
What animals have been                 successfully cloned?•   Carp was the first fish ever cloned in China in 1963•   A m...
Dolly the Sheep      and Jeremy Rifkin
Works Cited•    "16 Most Notable Cloned Animal | Scienceray." Scienceray | All That Is Science, Astronomy,           Biolo...
Works Cited Continued•   Jurveston, Steve. Cute Clones. 2009. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr. Yahoo, 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 31 Oct....
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Cloning within animals

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Cloning within animals

  1. 1. Cloning within Animals Nikki Sumner Biology 101 Fall 2011
  2. 2. What exactly is Animal Cloning?• When the term animal cloning is used, it is typically referring to the artificial creation of an identical genetic animal; this means that both animals will have the exact same DNA• Cloning does not refer to multiple births or normal reproduction, including that of tissues or organs
  3. 3. Therapeutic Cloning vs. Reproductive Cloning• Therapeutic Cloning refers to cloning cells from an adult animal or human to use for medical reasons, such as research• Reproductive Cloning refers to making cloned animals
  4. 4. How does cloning work?•Two females are needed tobegin the cloning process•A body cell is extracted fromthe first female, this is wherethe DNA is extracted from•An egg cell is then extractedfrom the second female, thenucleus is extracted from theegg cell•Once the nucleus isextracted from the 2ndfemale’s egg cell, the 1stfemale’s DNA is placed in the2nd females empty egg cell
  5. 5. • Once they are combined, the egg cell is placed into the 1st female’s uterus• The cloned embryo will now begin to develop• This is the stage where the egg cell could fail and not develop into the embryo as planned
  6. 6. What are the concerns with animal cloning?• High failure rate• DNA Mutations• Developmental Problems • Ethical Issues
  7. 7. How can cloning be used?• Repopulate endangered species• Help aid in animal breeding for those species that have difficulty• Bring back extinct species• Possible treatment of disorders
  8. 8. What animals have been successfully cloned?• Carp was the first fish ever cloned in China in 1963• A mouse, named Masha, was the first cloned mammal in 1986, was cloned in Russia• A horse, named Prometea, was cloned in Italy, in 2003• 5 twin piglets were cloned in London in 2000• A cat, named CC, was the first cloned cat and pet in Texas in 2001• Snuppy the dog was first cloned in Korea in 2005• Little Nicky, a cat, was the first cloned animal for use in a commercial in California in 2004• Ombretta, the Mouflan, was the first endangered species to be cloned in Italy, in 2000• Andi, the monkey, was cloned in Oregon in 2000• Idaho Gem the Mule was the first animal hybrid to be cloned in 2003• Pyrenean Ibex is the first extinct animal to be cloned in 2009• Dolly, the sheep, was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult donor in Scotland in 1996
  9. 9. Dolly the Sheep and Jeremy Rifkin
  10. 10. Works Cited• "16 Most Notable Cloned Animal | Scienceray." Scienceray | All That Is Science, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics. Web. 08 Nov. 2011. <http://scienceray.com/technology/applied-science/16-most-notable-cloned- animal/>.• Biotechnology: Friend or Foe?. Films Media Group, 2000. Films On Demand. Web. 7 November 2011. <http://digital.films.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?aid=11561&xtid=11530>.• Bren, Linda. "Cloning: Revolution Or Evolution in Animal Production?" FDA consumer 2003: 28- 33. ProQuest Research Library. Web. 7 Nov. 2011 <http://ezproxy.hacc.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/227040801? accountid=11302>.• "Cloning Fact Sheet." Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Web. 08 Nov. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml#anim als>.• Erijman, Ariel, Dantes, Ada, Bernheim, Reut, Shifman, Julia M., Peleg, Yoav, Transfer-PCR (TPCR): A highway for DNA cloning and protein engineering, Journal of Structural Biology, Volume 175, Issue 2, August 2011, Pages 171-177, ISSN 1047-8477, 10.1016/j.jsb.2011.04.005. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1047847711001109
  11. 11. Works Cited Continued• Jurveston, Steve. Cute Clones. 2009. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr. Yahoo, 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/3327872958/>.• Romanov, Michael. "Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis: An Introduction, 5th Ed." The Journal of heredity 98.1 (2007): 97-8. ProQuest Research Library. Web. 7 Nov. 2011.• Skuds. Scars. 2006. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr. Yahoo, 27 June 2006. Web. 05 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/skuds/176452661/>.• Wheeler, Richard. Benzopyrene DNA Adduct 1JDG.png. 2007. Photograph. Wikipedia. Wikipedia. 2007. Web. 11 Nov.2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Benzopyrene_DNA_adduct_1JDG.png>.• Wirth, Carl. Gencode. 2010. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr. Yahoo, 29 July 2010. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/naturalismus/4839348174/>.• Ynse. DNA Rendering. 2007. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr. Yahoo, 12 June 2007. Web. 01 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/ynse/542370154/>.

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