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free software, free
speech
glyn moody
  
30+ years of free software
 Richard Stallman (born 1953)
 hacker at MIT's AI Lab
 free operating system
 GNU projec...
  
20+ years of Linux
 Linus Torvalds (born December
1969)
 "I'm doing a (free) operating
system (just a hobby, won't be...
  
15+ years of open source
 Freeware Summit April 1998
 Richard Stallman not invited
 avoid ambiguity of "free
softwar...
  
free/libre/open source
software won
 Internet
 the Web itself is open source
 Apache, nginx, BIND, Sendmail
 superc...
  
what is free software?
 a philosophy (Richard Stallman)
 the freedom to run the program as
you wish, for any purpose....
  
what is open source?
 a methodology (Linus Torvalds)
 Net-based
 open to everyone
 liberal licence
 collaborative
...
  
open methodology
 open content
 open access
 open data
 open science
 open government
 open hardware
 open every...
  
open content
 Wikipedia (2001)
 Creative Commons licences (2001)
 social media sharing
 Blogger, Tumblr
 Facebook,...
  
open access
 arXiv preprint repository
 16 August 1991 - 9 days before 1st
announcement of Linux
 Paul Ginsparg
 kn...
  
open data
 Human Genome Project (1990)
 collaborative open genomic data
 Bermuda Principles (1996): rapid
release of...
  
open science
 chemistry: Blue Obelisk
 "driven by a belief in Open
Source, Open Standards and Open
Data, expressed in...
  
open hardware
 Arduino (2005)
 single-board microcontroller for
interactive projects
 open source cars
 open source...
  
open everything
 open source wellness shoes
 open politics (crowdsourcing)
 Icelandic constitution
 Finnish copyrig...
  
open publishing
 applying the open source
methodology to publishing
 Net-based
 open to everyone
 liberal licence
...
  
net-based
 "Freedom of the press is
guaranteed only to those who own
one" - A. J. Liebling
 the Internet is our unive...
  
open to everyone
 default setting is open
 vast majority of blogs are free
 removing barriers to access
 blogs are ...
  
liberal licence
 refers to creative elements, not
the code
 encourages re-use (at best) or
quotation and linking (at ...
  
collaborative
 liberal licensing - whether
explicit or implicit - encourages
commentary and re-use
 replaces competit...
  
modular
 multiple levels
 blogs are granular
 millions of them on every subject
imaginable
 can serve micromarkets
...
  
power of open publishing
 Berkman analysis: "networked
public sphere"
 "Social Mobilization and the
Networked Public ...
  
a superior metaphor
 open publishing
 not an "echo chamber"
 cacophony of overlapping voices
 suggests inferior cop...
  
have a "super" time
glyn.moody@gmail.com
@glynmoody on Twitter
@glynmoody on identi.ca
+glynmoody on Google+
opendotdot...
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Glyn Moody - The culture of freedom: free software, free speech

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Free software has achieved amazing things in many fields, one of which is open publishing. The application of the open source methodology to this sphere has created a new media force - one that has already had a massive impact on the world through its successful efforts to block the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) in the US. That, in its turn, helped people mobilise against the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) in 2012, which is now providing a template to resist the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).

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Glyn Moody - The culture of freedom: free software, free speech

  1. 1.    free software, free speech glyn moody
  2. 2.    30+ years of free software  Richard Stallman (born 1953)  hacker at MIT's AI Lab  free operating system  GNU project 1983  "GNU's Not Unix"  GNU General Public Licence  written constitution for hackers
  3. 3.    20+ years of Linux  Linus Torvalds (born December 1969)  "I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu)" - 25 August 1991  Linux 0.01 (10 users)- September 1991  Linux 0.12 (100s users) - January 1992  Linux 1.0 (100,000s users) - March 1994
  4. 4.    15+ years of open source  Freeware Summit April 1998  Richard Stallman not invited  avoid ambiguity of "free software"  "freeware", "sourceware", "freed software", "open source"  suggested by Christine Peterson, Foresight Institute  Open Source Definition  other licences
  5. 5.    free/libre/open source software won  Internet  the Web itself is open source  Apache, nginx, BIND, Sendmail  supercomputers  93% of top 500 supercomputers run Linux  smartphones  80% run Android  embedded/Internet of Things
  6. 6.    what is free software?  a philosophy (Richard Stallman)  the freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose.  the freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish.  the freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbour.  the freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others.
  7. 7.    what is open source?  a methodology (Linus Torvalds)  Net-based  open to everyone  liberal licence  collaborative  modular  produces better code, more quickly, that spreads more rapidly  open innovation
  8. 8.    open methodology  open content  open access  open data  open science  open government  open hardware  open everything...
  9. 9.    open content  Wikipedia (2001)  Creative Commons licences (2001)  social media sharing  Blogger, Tumblr  Facebook, vKontakte  Twitter, Google+, Sina Weibo  YouTube, Dailymotion, Vimeo  Flickr, Instagram  WhatsApp, Snapchat, Viber, WeChat, Tencent QQ
  10. 10.    open access  arXiv preprint repository  16 August 1991 - 9 days before 1st announcement of Linux  Paul Ginsparg  knew of Richard Stallman  knew free software, used it  Public Library of Science (PLOS)  August 2001  inspired by arXiv  public genome databases
  11. 11.    open data  Human Genome Project (1990)  collaborative open genomic data  Bermuda Principles (1996): rapid release of data into public domain  OpenStreetMap (2004)  collaborative open map data  inspired by Wikipedia  open journalism  bellingcat.com (2014)  "open source" information
  12. 12.    open science  chemistry: Blue Obelisk  "driven by a belief in Open Source, Open Standards and Open Data, expressed in code, data, algorithms, specifications, tutorials, demonstrations, articles"  mathematics: Gowers's Polymath  astronomy: Galaxy Zoo  100,000 people classified 900,000 galaxies
  13. 13.    open hardware  Arduino (2005)  single-board microcontroller for interactive projects  open source cars  open source 3D printer - RepRap  self-replicating  open source code  open source hardware
  14. 14.    open everything  open source wellness shoes  open politics (crowdsourcing)  Icelandic constitution  Finnish copyright reform  open money  Bitcoin Core (MIT licence)  open blockchain
  15. 15.    open publishing  applying the open source methodology to publishing  Net-based  open to everyone  liberal licence  collaborative  modular
  16. 16.    net-based  "Freedom of the press is guaranteed only to those who own one" - A. J. Liebling  the Internet is our universal press, almost free (low barriers)  overturns 5000 years of publishing inequality
  17. 17.    open to everyone  default setting is open  vast majority of blogs are free  removing barriers to access  blogs are the antithesis to earlier control of information  completes revolution begun by printing and literacy
  18. 18.    liberal licence  refers to creative elements, not the code  encourages re-use (at best) or quotation and linking (at least)  indeed, mostly no licence, because there is a presumption that things will be passed on
  19. 19.    collaborative  liberal licensing - whether explicit or implicit - encourages commentary and re-use  replaces competitive ethos of traditional publishing  encourages building on existing work  introduces new ethics: always give attribution and linkback
  20. 20.    modular  multiple levels  blogs are granular  millions of them on every subject imaginable  can serve micromarkets  basic unit is the blog post  easy to write large numbers of posts, as often as desired
  21. 21.    power of open publishing  Berkman analysis: "networked public sphere"  "Social Mobilization and the Networked Public Sphere: Mapping the SOPA-PIPA Debate" (2013)  Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)  Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)  same trajectory as SOPA/PIPA and ACTA
  22. 22.    a superior metaphor  open publishing  not an "echo chamber"  cacophony of overlapping voices  suggests inferior copies  something far superior  symphony of voices  sometimes harmonious, sometimes dissonant  supersaturated solution
  23. 23.    have a "super" time glyn.moody@gmail.com @glynmoody on Twitter @glynmoody on identi.ca +glynmoody on Google+ opendotdotdot.blogspot.com

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