Ted Nelson “ Computer Lib + Dream Machines” –  Referencing The New Media Reader,  Wardrip-Fruin & Montfort
About Theodore Nelson 1937 -  <ul><li>Is remembered as the founder of the field of Computer Science (along with Alan Turin...
Mitch Kapor on  Computer Lib <ul><li>Mitch Kapor, cofounder of Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)*  said, upon reading C...
“ Computer Lib” <ul><li>Devoted to the premise that Everyone Should Understand Computers! </li></ul><ul><li>Computers are ...
The Computer Priesthood <ul><li>Experts in any field rarely want people to understand what they are doing … Knowledge is p...
“ Dream Machines” <ul><li>Computer Lib was a “come on” for Dream Machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to show the choice of d...
Why does it matter?  <ul><li>Because we live in media, as fish live in water. </li></ul><ul><li>We can and must design the...
No More Teachers’ Dirty Looks (1970) <ul><li>The human mind is born free, yet everywhere it is in chains. </li></ul><ul><l...
L’informatique <ul><li>Definition: The presentation of information to people by automatic equipment. Nelson offers a trans...
Thoughts about Media <ul><li>Anything can be said in any medium.  </li></ul><ul><li>Transposability.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bi...
More  Thoughts about Media and Cognition <ul><li>At he remarkable things about the mind is the way it ties things together...
Your links and suggestions <ul><li>Xanadu .  Thanks Frankie. </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks Katy and Paula.  Ted Nelson, disside...
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Ted Nelson

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This presentation accompanied a lecture in New Media at Montana Tech.

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Ted Nelson

  1. 1. Ted Nelson “ Computer Lib + Dream Machines” – Referencing The New Media Reader, Wardrip-Fruin & Montfort
  2. 2. About Theodore Nelson 1937 - <ul><li>Is remembered as the founder of the field of Computer Science (along with Alan Turing?). Coined the terms “hypertext” and “hypermedia.” </li></ul><ul><li>His work is to make computers easily accessible to ordinary people, his motto being: “A user interface should be so simple that a beginner in an emergency can understand it within ten seconds.” </li></ul><ul><li>He is the son of the Emmy Award-winning director Ralph Nelson and the Academy Award-winning actress Celeste Holm. </li></ul><ul><li>Cofounded the itty bitty machine company – a small retail store in Evanston, Ill. – one of the first stores to sell the Apple 1 computer. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mitch Kapor on Computer Lib <ul><li>Mitch Kapor, cofounder of Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)* said, upon reading Computer Lib: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Here was a man who dreamed my dreams before I did, who gave voice to a radically different concept of computers as other than giant calculating machines.” </li></ul><ul><li>* EFF is the leading civil liberties group defending your rights in the digital world. http:// www.eff.org </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Computer Lib” <ul><li>Devoted to the premise that Everyone Should Understand Computers! </li></ul><ul><li>Computers are a necessary and enjoyable part of life like food and books. </li></ul><ul><li>Computers are versatile gizmos that can be turned to any purpose in any style </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Computer Priesthood <ul><li>Experts in any field rarely want people to understand what they are doing … Knowledge is power and it tends to be hoarded. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The creeping evil of professionalism” is the control of aspects of society by cliques of insiders, in this case “computer people” (60s and 70s mistrust of “The Man.”) </li></ul><ul><li>It is imperative that the appalling gap between public and computer insider be closed. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Dream Machines” <ul><li>Computer Lib was a “come on” for Dream Machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to show the choice of dreams – The technologies matter a lot but the unifying vision matters more. </li></ul><ul><li>Intention is to chart the right way … uniquely continues the Western traditions of literature, scholarship, and freedom. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why does it matter? <ul><li>Because we live in media, as fish live in water. </li></ul><ul><li>We can and must design the media, design the molecules of our new water … the details matter deeply. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard-edged fantasy is the corner of tomorrow … the most exciting things here are those that involve computers, notably because computers will be embraced in every presentational medium and thoughtful medium very soon.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. No More Teachers’ Dirty Looks (1970) <ul><li>The human mind is born free, yet everywhere it is in chains. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is interesting, until ruined for us. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no “subjects”. The divisions are a matter of convenience. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no natural or necessary order of learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone retaining his natural mental facilities can learn anything on his own. </li></ul><ul><li>(Pages 309-316) </li></ul>
  9. 9. L’informatique <ul><li>Definition: The presentation of information to people by automatic equipment. Nelson offers a translation, “Fantics.” </li></ul><ul><li>Fantics is the art and science of getting ideas across, both emotionally and cognitively. </li></ul><ul><li>(In ritual) … the shaman with feathers and rattle are telling us something about the continuity of society and people in it. Media performs the same function. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thoughts about Media <ul><li>Anything can be said in any medium. </li></ul><ul><li>Transposability. </li></ul><ul><li>Big and Small Approaches. (McLuhanism) </li></ul><ul><li>The Word-Picture Continuum. </li></ul><ul><li>(Pages 318 – 319) </li></ul>
  11. 11. More Thoughts about Media and Cognition <ul><li>At he remarkable things about the mind is the way it ties things together. Perceptual unity comes out of nowhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Fantic space is the space and relationship sensed by a viewer of any medium. The design of computer display systems, then, is really the “artful crafting of fantic space.” </li></ul><ul><li>Fantic structure is consists of its noticeable parts, interconnections, contents, and effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Fantic design is the planning and selection of effects. </li></ul><ul><li>For example Xanadu. (page 335 + your links!) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Your links and suggestions <ul><li>Xanadu . Thanks Frankie. </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks Katy and Paula. Ted Nelson, dissident. </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks Adam. Rupert Murdoch on New Media. </li></ul>

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