9722608 Sadia

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9722608 Sadia

  1. 1. Developing speaking skills of adult learners in private universities in Bangladesh: Problems and solutions Presenter: Sadia Chien 簡瑋婷 Instructor: Dr. Pi-Ying Hsu Oct. 20, 2008
  2. 2. Sabrin, F. (2007). Developing speaking skills of adult learners in private universities in Bangladesh: Problems and solutions. Australian Journal of Adult Learning , 47 (1), 94-110.
  3. 3. Contents <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>II. Research Questions </li></ul><ul><li>III. Research Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Findings </li></ul><ul><li>V. My research </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Since the globalization and a growing </li></ul><ul><li>demand for good English-speaking skills in </li></ul><ul><li>the job market, English language teaching </li></ul><ul><li>has played an important role. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sabrin, 2007) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>Students of the private universities have </li></ul><ul><li>acquired a higher level of proficiency in </li></ul><ul><li>English than who study in public </li></ul><ul><li>universities after four years. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sabrin, 2007) </li></ul>
  6. 6. The purpose of study <ul><ul><li>To explore how these private universities in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh help students to develop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speaking skills of English language </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Research Questions <ul><li>What are conditions that affect the </li></ul><ul><li>teaching- learning process? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the concepts that English </li></ul><ul><li>language teachers have of effective </li></ul><ul><li>teaching? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Methodology <ul><li>Face- to- face Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Five teachers (M:3, F:2) </li></ul><ul><li>28-32 years old </li></ul><ul><li>30-40 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 2005 - June 2006 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Data collection: semi-structured </li></ul><ul><li>interviews, observation, document </li></ul><ul><li>analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Data Analysis: Trends, categories, and </li></ul><ul><li>classifications (constant comparative </li></ul><ul><li>method) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Finding <ul><li>Policy </li></ul><ul><li>15-25 students, 90mins, twice a week </li></ul><ul><li>No fixed textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Medium of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Language labs </li></ul><ul><li>Self access centers & language clubs </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Start with simple and familiar topics </li></ul><ul><li>Play games in group </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize fluency rather than accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Practice speech acts (requests, compliments, </li></ul><ul><li>clarifications and questions) </li></ul>Finding
  12. 12. Finding <ul><li>Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Small-size class </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitators who are advanced level </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational routines (small talk) </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational formulate (forms of address) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Problems & Reasons <ul><li>Small English vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Better in reading and writing but poorly in speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Shy and not willing to speak in class </li></ul>Monolingual Only reading and writing are tested in the exam Education system for the lack of speaking in class
  14. 14. My research Questionnaires Methodology The obstacle of English speaking Topic Non-English major students at CYUT Participants CYUT Place
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention!

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