9722601蔡幸瑜 Lynn

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9722601蔡幸瑜 Lynn

  1. 1. Shing-Yu Lynn Tsai Dr. Pi-Ying Teresa Hsu January 5, 2009 EFL Students’ and Teacher’s Preferences for Speaking In-class Activities and Their Relationships to the Students’ Foreign Language Anxiety
  2. 2. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. Methodology
  3. 3. Introduction Grammar translation method Teacher-centered approach Task-based Student-centered approach
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>The influences of the affective side of a learner </li></ul><ul><li>which contribute to success or failure in foreign </li></ul><ul><li>language anxiety have been supported. </li></ul><ul><li>(Horwitz, 2000 & Brown, 2001) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Statement of the Problems Anxiety (Kern,1995 & Oxford 1991) Mismatch Teachers’ perception Students’ perception
  6. 6. Purposes of the Study To identify EFL students and their teachers preference toward in-class activities. To investigate the relationships between the students and teachers preference to students’ foreign language anxiety
  7. 7. Research Questions Q1 Q2 What are EFL students’ and their teachers’ preferences for in-class activities? What kinds of in-class activities are anxiety-provoking to EFL students?
  8. 8. Research Questions Q3 Q4 Are there any conflicts between the students’ and the teachers’ preferences for in-class activities? What is the foreign language anxiety level of the students from the university of technology?
  9. 9. Significance of the study <ul><li>English became a required subject from elementary </li></ul><ul><li>school to university in Taiwan. Realizing students’ </li></ul><ul><li>needs and likes are particularly important to our </li></ul><ul><li>understanding of language learning. </li></ul><ul><li>(He, 1996; Garrett & Shortall, 2002 ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Definition of terms Foreign language anxiety In-class activity
  11. 11. Definition of terms self-perceptions beliefs feelings behaviors Foreign Language Anxiety ( Horwitz,1986)
  12. 12. Definition of terms <ul><li>In-class activity </li></ul><ul><li>In-class activity is defined as a reasonably unified set of </li></ul><ul><li>students behaviors , limited in time, preceded by some </li></ul><ul><li>direction from the teacher with a particular objective. </li></ul><ul><li>(Brown, 2001) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example of in-class activities In-class Activities Group Discussion Peer Editing Role plays Games& Drills
  14. 14. Literature Review Communication Apprehension Learners’ beliefs and self –perceptions Teachers’ belief and attitudes Theoretical Frameworks
  15. 15. Literature Review <ul><li>Communication Apprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Apprehension is a type of shyness </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by fear of or anxiety about communicating </li></ul><ul><li>with people. Communication apprehensions refers to an </li></ul><ul><li>individual’s discomfort and tension when speaking or </li></ul><ul><li>performing in public. </li></ul><ul><li>(Horwitz, 1986) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Literature Review <ul><li>Learners’ beliefs and self –perceptions </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the college students with high level of </li></ul><ul><li>foreign language anxiety perceived their language </li></ul><ul><li>course difficulty , while the majority of their low -anxious </li></ul><ul><li>counterparts perceived their language course easy . </li></ul><ul><li>( Ganschow, 1994) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Literature Review <ul><li>Teachers’ belief and attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher who believed their roles were to correct </li></ul><ul><li>students’ errors, who felt they could not let students </li></ul><ul><li>work in pair because they feared the class would be get </li></ul><ul><li>out of the control , who thought teachers’ job were doing </li></ul><ul><li>most of lectures. </li></ul><ul><li>( Young, 1991) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Methodology English major students: 60 are freshmen and 60 are sophomores. Chaoyang University of Technology 2009 Participants Place Time
  19. 19. Instrument The preference towards in-class activity questionnaires for students. Observation and interview Quantitative The foreign language anxiety scale FLCAS.pdf Quantitative Qualitative
  20. 20. Research Procedure Qualitative The preference and anxiety towards in-class activity questionnaires for students observation interview Quantitative Data Collection Data Collection Formal study Pilot study
  21. 21. Data Collection The preference and anxiety towards in-class activity questionnaires for students Observation & Tape-recorded interview 1. SPSS 13.0 2. Independent T-test( Q1& Q3 ) 3. Descriptive analysis ( Q2 & Q4 )
  22. 22. Thank you for your attention!

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