10122612 Shin-Hua Wu
Instructor: Pi-Ying Hsu
Date: 2014/03/31
The Type of Vocabulary Learning
Strategies Used by ESL Stude...
Citation
Asgari, A., & Mustapha, G. B. (2011). The Type
of Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by ESL
Students in Universi...
Contents
Introduction
Literature Review
Methodology
Results & Conclusion
Critiques & Suggestions
3
Background
Purpose
Gap
Research Question
4
Introduction
Introduction
Vocabulary has been recognized as crucial to language use
in which insufficient vocabulary knowledge of the ...
Gap
ESL students at University Putra Malaysia is a population
that has been rarely included in any previous studies on
v...
The purpose of the present study is to examine the use of
vocabulary learning strategies (VLS) by Malaysian ESL
students ...
Introduction
What are the vocabularies learning strategies actively
employed by undergraduate ESL students in learning
th...
9
Literature Review
Summary of Oxford’s Classification of
Language Learning Strategy
Vocabulary Learning Strategy
The defi...
Literature Review
(Oxford, 1990) 10
Summary of Oxford’s
Classification of LLS
Literature Review
While particular strategies are used by second language
learners for the acquisition of new words in th...
 Discovery strategies: Strategies that are used by learners to discover learning of words.
 Consolidation strategies: a ...
13
Methodology
Malaysian ESL students
4 males, 6 females
University-level
Qualitative research/ interview
(Cresswell, 2008...
Methodology
14
the teacher
taught EFL
context
randomly
selected 10
participants
interview
Procedure
• ESL learners in UPM are not aware of most of the vocabulary strategies.
• They are usually using vocabulary learning str...
Some strategies such as the learning a word through
reading, the use of monolingual dictionary, the use of
various Englis...
This study could show the interview questions for the
readers.
This study would increase the public awareness on the
imp...
Critiques & Suggestions
18
Studies on the individuals’ differences of language learners
can be conducted both in qualitat...
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!
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  1. 1. 10122612 Shin-Hua Wu Instructor: Pi-Ying Hsu Date: 2014/03/31 The Type of Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by ESL Students in University Putra Malaysia
  2. 2. Citation Asgari, A., & Mustapha, G. B. (2011). The Type of Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by ESL Students in University Putra Malaysia. English Language Teaching, 4(2), 84-90. 2
  3. 3. Contents Introduction Literature Review Methodology Results & Conclusion Critiques & Suggestions 3
  4. 4. Background Purpose Gap Research Question 4 Introduction
  5. 5. Introduction Vocabulary has been recognized as crucial to language use in which insufficient vocabulary knowledge of the learners led to difficulties in second language learning. Background 5
  6. 6. Gap ESL students at University Putra Malaysia is a population that has been rarely included in any previous studies on vocabulary learning strategies. 6 Introduction
  7. 7. The purpose of the present study is to examine the use of vocabulary learning strategies (VLS) by Malaysian ESL students at University-level to better understand the ways that they applied to learn new words in English. 7 Introduction Purpose
  8. 8. Introduction What are the vocabularies learning strategies actively employed by undergraduate ESL students in learning the English language? Research Question 8
  9. 9. 9 Literature Review Summary of Oxford’s Classification of Language Learning Strategy Vocabulary Learning Strategy The definition of Vocabulary Learning Strategy
  10. 10. Literature Review (Oxford, 1990) 10 Summary of Oxford’s Classification of LLS
  11. 11. Literature Review While particular strategies are used by second language learners for the acquisition of new words in the second language are called ‘vocabulary learning strategies’. (Gu, 1994) 11
  12. 12.  Discovery strategies: Strategies that are used by learners to discover learning of words.  Consolidation strategies: a word is consolidated once it has been encountered. 12 Literature Review (Schmitt, 1997) He categorized vocabulary learning strategies into five sub-categories: Determination strategies Social strategies Memory strategies Cognitive strategies Metacognitive strategies
  13. 13. 13 Methodology Malaysian ESL students 4 males, 6 females University-level Qualitative research/ interview (Cresswell, 2008) Researcher (paper page 87 ) University Putra Malaysia is located in Selangor, established 1993 September 25th and October 15th, 2009 Methodology participants instruments Research site Research time Educational studies & Language and Humanities Education
  14. 14. Methodology 14 the teacher taught EFL context randomly selected 10 participants interview Procedure
  15. 15. • ESL learners in UPM are not aware of most of the vocabulary strategies. • They are usually using vocabulary learning strategies in either a medium or low frequency. 15 Results  What type of vocabulary learning strategies do ESL students of Malaysia use? Vocabulary learning Strategies UseThe Common Strategies Use • ESL Malaysian students used determination, cognitive, social and metacognitive strategies which are the most common strategies. Ex: guessing from the context Learning New Words through Reading • The teacher uses English newspapers to improve and assist the learning and acquiring of new vocabulary process. Use of Dictionaries • Ahmed, Jamal, Sarah, Rose, and Jim as one of the common strategies that have been used by a monolingual dictionary. Ex: English to English dictionary Applying New Words in Daily Speaking • It can be considered as a social strategy. - practice new words among friends (mentioned by five subjects) - ask questions in the classrooms (two subjects) - interact with native speakers (mentioned by three subjects). Use of Media • Using the English-language media (songs, movies, internet, computer games, TV programs) is among the high frequency strategies are used by the students. Social Strategies • None of the students described studying words with the help of others in purposed of learning words. • The participants only shared their problems with others when they couldn’t find any other sources to learn those unknown words.
  16. 16. Some strategies such as the learning a word through reading, the use of monolingual dictionary, the use of various English-language media, and applying new English word in their daily speaking where are related to 16 Conclusions Memory strategy Determination strategy Meta-cognitive strategy
  17. 17. This study could show the interview questions for the readers. This study would increase the public awareness on the importance of vocabulary learning strategies in second language learning and teaching. 17 Critiques & Suggestions
  18. 18. Critiques & Suggestions 18 Studies on the individuals’ differences of language learners can be conducted both in qualitative and quantitative approaches. Studying of the effect of culture, home environment, peer groups, effective teaching methods and classroom atmosphere on vocabulary learning strategies could be very helpful to understand the relevant strategies.
  19. 19. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!

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