Digital Literacy: E-Learning ideals in the 21st century

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An overview of current (Feb. 2006) elearning ideals and issues. Prepared for teachers at International School Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Digital Literacy: E-Learning ideals in the 21st century

  1. 1. Digital Literacy eLearning ideals in the 21 st Century
  2. 2. Digital Literacy: A Definition <ul><li>The ability to use digital technology, communication tools or networks to locate, evaluate, use and create information. </li></ul><ul><li>www.digitalstrategy.govt.nz/templates/Page____60.aspx </li></ul>
  3. 3. Digital Literacy: Native or Immigrant? <ul><li>Marc Prensky, </li></ul><ul><li>“Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants” </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Natives: “native speakers” of the digital language of computers, video games and the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Immigrants: “Those not born into the digital world but have, at some point in their lives, become fascinated by and adopted many or most aspects of the new technology.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Natives <ul><li>Used to receiving information really fast </li></ul><ul><li>Like to parallel process and multi-task </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer graphics before the text </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer random access (like hypertext) </li></ul><ul><li>Function best when networked </li></ul><ul><li>Thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer games to “serious” work </li></ul>
  5. 5. Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Retain their accent, i.e. their foot in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Using Internet or other online resources second to books </li></ul><ul><li>Reading the manual for a software application rather than assuming the program itself will teach us how to use it </li></ul><ul><li>Printing out email </li></ul><ul><li>“ Did you get my email” phone call </li></ul>
  6. 6. Native vs Immigrant <ul><li>The biggest problem facing education today: </li></ul><ul><li>“Digital Immigrant instructors, who speak an outdated language (that of the pre-digital age), are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely different language.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ Smart adult immigrants accept that they don’t know about their new world and take advantage of their kids to help them learn and integrate.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>“ Not-so-smart (or not-so-flexible) immigrants spend most of their time grousing about how good things were in the ‘old country’.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Acceptance of change by individuals in education <ul><li>Slates </li></ul><ul><li>“Students today can’t prepare bark to calculate their problems. They depend on their slates which are more expensive. What will they do if the slate is dropped and it breaks? They will not be able to write.” </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Conference, 1703 </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Fountain Pens </li></ul><ul><li>“Students today depend on these expensive fountain pens. They can no longer write with a straight pen and nib. We parents cannot let them wallow in such luxury to the detriment of learning how to cope in the real business world which is not so extravagant.” </li></ul><ul><li>PTA Gazette, 1914 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ink </li></ul><ul><li>“Students today depend on store-bought ink. They don’t know how to make their own. When they run out of ink they will be unable to write words or ciphers until their next trip to the settlement. This is a sad commentary on modern education.” </li></ul><ul><li>Rural American Teacher, 1928 </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Ballpoint Pens </li></ul><ul><li>“Ballpoint pens will be the ruin of education in our country. Students use these devices and then throw them away. The American values of thrift and frugality are being discarded. Businesses and banks will never allow such expensive items.” </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Teachers, 1950 </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Challenge <ul><li>Educators need to reconsider methodology and content </li></ul><ul><li>The discussion should not be on whether to use computer and technology tools, they are already a part of the Digital Native’s world, but rather how to use them. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Digital Literacy: The Challenge <ul><li>Go beyond just using technology </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for student-centred, constructivist pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Just-in-time’ skills for eLearning </li></ul><ul><li>Essential skills articulated and expected for all teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher creativity in using 21 st century learning tools </li></ul>
  15. 15. Constructivist Approach <ul><li>Characteristics of Constructivist Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Learners construct their own understanding </li></ul><ul><li>New learning depends on current understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is facilitated by social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful learning occurs within authentic learning tasks </li></ul>
  16. 16. ICT and the Constructivist Approach <ul><li>ICT as a tool for constructivist learning provides: </li></ul><ul><li>active and highly motivating engagement with students </li></ul><ul><li>powerful tools to create text, art, music, sound, models, presentations, movies etc. that produce high quality products and remove much of the tedium normally associated with such creation </li></ul><ul><li>an error-forgiving environment in which editing of a product fosters learning by trial and error </li></ul><ul><li>easy communication in text, voice, video </li></ul><ul><li>quick access to information and resources </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multimedia_literacy#Constructivist_learning_and_multimedia </li></ul>
  17. 17. Constructivism in the Classroom <ul><li>A comparison of teaching styles: </li></ul><ul><li>If I Teach This Way am I Doing My Job? </li></ul><ul><li>Sprague and Dede, Learning and Leading with Technology, Volume 27 No 1, 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Techno Constructivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grappling’s Technology and Learning Spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.bjpconsulting.com/files/MAPPSpectrum.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you a Techno Constructivist? http://www.education-world.com/a_tech/tech/tech005.shtml </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. New Learning Environments <ul><li>Has more to do with: </li></ul><ul><li>Management style </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes amongst teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher education </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical approaches </li></ul><ul><li>New learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>ICT is not an objective for its own sake but merely represents a mechanism for attaining specific learning objectives </li></ul>
  19. 19. Educators Sharing and Interacting <ul><li>eLearning Blog </li></ul><ul><li>www.123elearning.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>The Digital Divide : Impact on Education </li></ul><ul><li>www.123elearning.blogspot.com/2006/01/digital-divide-impact-on-education.html </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage colleague interaction via blog forums </li></ul>
  20. 20. What does this mean for ISD? <ul><li>Aim to improve teacher digital literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to provide better learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace eLearning and technology integration objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from colleagues and encourage open discussion </li></ul>
  21. 21. Handhelds and Laptops <ul><li>Ubiquitous digital tools for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Not the objective for their own sake </li></ul><ul><li>Security and reliability issues </li></ul><ul><li>Software challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Networking issues </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptable use issues </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher acceptance issues </li></ul>
  22. 22. Digital Literacy: Where to now? <ul><li>Teacher PD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? When? How? Who? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planning for technology integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A whole school approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MYP scope and sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready, Set, Integrate! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taking responsibility for eLearning in your classroom </li></ul>
  23. 23. In the words of Dr Khan…… <ul><li>We must bear in mind that at the end of the day, this unique technology will not necessarily be judged by its success as a technology itself, rather unlike the traditional hi-techs, will be assessed as to how much this has succeeded in transforming our society into the new millennium, acting as the most powerful tool, cross cutting Science, Technology, Governance, Economy, Business and finally our Society as a whole. Let’s use the power of this technology to create a society where ICT will not be used to restrict our freedom of thought, deed and belief rather enable them. </li></ul><ul><li>From theTunis WSIS Address by Dr Abdul Moyeen Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Science and Information & Communication Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Government of Bangladesh </li></ul>
  24. 24. Coming Soon……. <ul><li>Go Digital! </li></ul><ul><li>A celebration of eLearning at ISD </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and students share digital experiences and discuss learning outcomes using 21 st century tools for communication </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday May 10, 2006 </li></ul>

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