11.1 part 2 the church divides


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11.1 part 2 the church divides

  1. 1. Division of the Church Explain why the Eastern and Western churches created two traditions. S
  2. 2. The Church DividesS Christianity had begun to develop differently in the Western and Eastern Roman Empires- due to distance and lack of contactS Eastern Christianity built its heritage on the works of early Church fathers.S Eventual split into the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church
  3. 3. Split between Rome and ConstantinopleS Christianity built its heritage on the works of early church fathersS I.E.- Saint Basil [357 CE] wrote rules for life of monthsS Saint John Chrysostom- Bishop of Constantinople from 398-404 CE was the patriarch
  4. 4. 8th Century ControversyS 730 CE- Emperor Leo III- banned the use of icons believing their use amounted to idol worshipS Army supported the emperor’s view and iconoclasts broke into churches to destroy images leading to riots, and clergy rebellionS In the West, the pope supported the use of icons, One pope order the excommunication of a Byzantine emperor over the issueS Soon the pope and the patriarch excommunication each other in a dispute over religious doctrine.S The schism permanently divided the Church
  5. 5. The 11th Century- Comparing 2 Churches
  6. 6. The Christian ChurchS East & West had different ideas about church practicesS Pope S Most powerful leader in the West S Was not recognized as leader by Byzantine’sS Patriarch S Most powerful leader in the East
  7. 7. Byzantine Missionaries Convert the SlavsS 2 traditions of Christianity competed for convertsS Missionaries from the Orthodox church took on the Slavs, groups of people that initiated in the forests N. of the Black SeaS Saint Methodius and Saint Cyril worked among them in 9th CenturyS Invented an alphabet for the Slavic Languages, so Slavs could tread the Bible in their own tonguesS Slavic languages including Russian are now written in the Cyrillic alphabet
  8. 8. The Rise of RussiaS Geography S Large plain stretching across E. Europe & Central Asia S Carpathian mountains – Ural mountians S Steppe S Eurasia S Rivers: Dniester, Dnieper & Don –flow into Black Sea S Other rivers: Vistula, Neman & Dvina
  9. 9. People of RussiaS SlavsS AvarsS HunsS MagyarsS Vikings
  10. 10. Keivan RussiaS A.D. 879- A.D. 1240S People: S Rus S Leader: RurikCities: S Novgorod S KievS Region came to be known as Rus (Russia)
  11. 11. KievS Located along rich trade routeS Most important principalityS CapitalS Traded with Byzantine Empire
  12. 12. Government of Kievan RussiaS Led by princesS BoyersS VecheS Yaroslav I S Wise S Built many churches S Introduced Russia’s 1st code of laws S Pravda Russkia
  13. 13. Religion of Keivan RussiaS Missionaries brought Christianity-A.D. 800’sS Vladimir I S Ruler S Impressed w/ Hagia Sophia S Converted to Christianity S Anna-wanted to marry her [daughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanos II] S Ordered all Keivans to become Christians S Destroyed pagan stutues
  14. 14. Economy of KievS Two major agricultural regions S Taiga S Great forests S Much rainfall S Winters long & cold S Short growing season S Steppe S Less rain S Milder climate S Longer growing season
  15. 15. Economy continuedS Traded w/ Byzantines S Agricultural goods S Wood S Iron S Salt S Furs S Honey
  16. 16. Kievan Social ClassesS Princes S Boyers S Town artisans & merchantsS Peasants S Largest and lowest class S Lived in small villagesS Clergy S Performed religious ceremonies S Ran hospitals
  17. 17. Attacks on KievS Polovtsy (Turkish people) S Interfered with Kiev’s tradeS Italian city-states developed new trade routesS Mongols invade Kiev S Conquered or destroyed every Kievan Russian city
  18. 18. Mongols rule Kievan RussiaS Put a heavy tax on peopleS Built important roadsS Improved communicationS Russian language came into existence
  19. 19. MoscowS Muscovy A.D. 1300S Prince Ivan I S Cooperated with the mongolsS Orthodox church moved to MoscowS Ivan III 1462-1505 S Ivan the Great S Became independent of Mongols rule S United many principalities
  20. 20. Growth of churchS Acquired landS Church was a major land ownerS Church leader was patriarchS Constantinople fallsS Moscow declared “third Rome”
  21. 21. ReviewHow did themission to covertslavs lead toMoscow becomingthe third Rome?