AP test


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AP test

  1. 2. Asia Europe Latin America Africa Oceana Middle East 200 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 600 800 800 800 800 800 800 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
  2. 3. <ul><li>Additional restrictions were placed on the power of the merchant class. </li></ul><ul><li>It gained prominence not only in China but also in Korea and Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty to government became more important than familial ties. </li></ul><ul><li>It synthesized elements of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>It placed great value on education and scholarship. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Agreed on the desirability of effecting change non-violently. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to reform the social order in their respective nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that change must begin at the level of the individual and would involve a spiritual component. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in unity among different religious groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought that their societies would improve only through a state-run economy. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Legalism </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Heian period was a time of exploration and conquest in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Heian period, Chinese meritocracy influenced Japan’s government </li></ul><ul><li>The focus of Heian civilization was on cultural independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Mongol invaders, under the rule of Genghis Khan, ruled Japan during the Heian period. </li></ul><ul><li>Shintoism was replaced by Confucianism in Japan during the Heian period. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Introduction of a new religion into Indian culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in importance of sub-Saharan trade routes. </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of the caste system. </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in importance of overland trade routes. </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of a decentralized government system. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Only the Spanish were interested in resource extradition in their colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>While Spain sent expeditions around the world, French exploration was limited to North America. </li></ul><ul><li>The French were not as interested as the Spanish in forming permanent settlements in their colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>The French were less successful than the Spanish at religious conversion of people in their colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>While France gave huge land grants to encourage citizens to settle in the New World, Spain limited land ownership to aristocracy and the military. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Created a system of common law in Anglo-Saxon England. </li></ul><ul><li>Established a Model Parliament with advisory powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminated heredity as a requirement to hold the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>Did little to stop the growth of centralized government in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Brought the courts of England under royal control. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Christianity spread into the Ottoman Empire and Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts were made to reform the Eastern Orthodox Church. </li></ul><ul><li>The printing press was invented. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in the arts and scientific inquiry increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy rates across Europe rose. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The strong sense of nationalism held by many European nations. </li></ul><ul><li>European colonial rivalries in Africa and Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>German aggression on the continent under von Bismarck. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict over ethnic and religious differences in some nations. </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of socialist and communist movements in European nations. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>There was no Japanese equivalent to the position of the European lord. </li></ul><ul><li>In Japan, peasants farmed land in exchange for money instead of protection. </li></ul><ul><li>European feudalism was far more militaristic than Japanese feudalism. </li></ul><ul><li>While Japanese emperors maintained power during feudalism, European kings were symbolic leaders only. </li></ul><ul><li>There were far fewer agricultural workers in the Japanese feudal system than in the European system. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Both civilizations developed strict social class hierarchies, in which upward mobility was difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant uprisings were responsible for the establishment of both civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Both the Yuan and the Inca depended on trade as their primary economic activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Both civilizations flourished under the control of outside invaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Both societies suffered as a result of their non-expansionist nature. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>kashf </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>kashf </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>kashf </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>kashf </li></ul>