Climate 2013


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Climate 2013

  1. 1. The temperature of an area The precipitation of an area
  2. 2. It is colder at the North Pole than in Georgia.It is warmer in the Amazon Rainforest than it is in Georgia.It is hotter in Florida than in Canada.
  3. 3. that the equator is0° latitude and the poles are90 °.The closer a location is to theequator, the more directsunlight the area will receive.More direct sunlight = moreheat!
  4. 4. Causes the angle of the sunlight hitting the earth to effect the amount of heat energy an area receives.
  5. 5. This causes three general climate zone patterns: Tropical Temperate Polar Can you explain how are they different?
  6. 6. The angle of sunlight determines the climate we have. Because the earth is tilted, the angle of sunlight on earth changes as we go around the sun. Because the angle changes during the year, we have seasons too!
  7. 7. Sometimes referred to as ELEVATION This picture of Mount Rainier (Washington) was taken in August. Look at the mountain! Because it is so high, it has a different climate that the area where the flowers are blooming. The top is snow covered all year.
  8. 8. an entire area is at a high altitude. Look at Mt. Everest and its surrounding area.
  9. 9. You can even find snow at the equator if thealtitude is high enough.This is a mountain in Ecuador (South American)on the equator!
  10. 10. Warm ocean water moving from the equator holds its heat a long time. Cold ocean water moving from the poles holds it cold temperature a long time too. This affects the climate of the areas near the ocean currents. For example: England is at a latitude equal to Alaska but their climate is warmer than Alaska’s because of the warm ocean current flowing toward them.Copyright © Bruce Molnia, Terra Photographics
  11. 11. Remember this map? Notice that the lines between climate zones are straight!Because of thedifferenttemperatures of the oceancurrents, this isnot how theyreally are on
  12. 12. Look closely at this map! Notice the coastal areas of the USA. Water temperature does affect climate!
  13. 13. Look at the oceancurrents. Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.What effect would currents have on climate indifferent parts of the world? Japan? SW Africa?NW Africa? West coast of South America?
  14. 14. These are winds that blow the same direction most of the time. If the wind is coming from a moist air mass, it will bring precipitation. If the wind is coming from a dry air mass, it will not bring precipitation.
  15. 15. Dry climate zones are often caused by prevailing winds that are very low in moisture.Copyright © Marli Miller, University of Oregon
  16. 16. Wet climate zones are often caused by prevailing winds that are very high in moisture.
  17. 17. Prevailing winds that hit high mountain ranges lose their moisture on the side where they hit first. is called a rain shadow.
  18. 18. One of thedriestdeserts onEarth isfound rightnext to thePacificOcean. http://images.encarta.msn.comWhy? The prevailing winds bring moisture to the AmazonRainforest. When the wet wind hits the Andes Mountains, all themoisture is left on the east side. The west side is a desert!
  19. 19. What are the two things that determine the climatefor an area? What causes places on earth to have different temperatures? What causes places to have different precipitation?