ROCKS REVIEW
16b – classify rocks by their formation
(igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary) (GPS)
16b1 – explain the rock cyc...
PAGE 18
 Divide page 18 in your notebook in half (top and
bottom).
 On the top half, write and answer these questions
(b...
PAGE 18
 Next, copy this flow chart. Be sure to put details of
how the rocks form:
Rocks
Clastic
Chemical
Organic
PAGE 18
 Finally, draw and finish labeling the rock cycle:
Igneous
SedimentaryMetamorphic
REVIEW GAME
 For each question, confer with your group, and
write your answer on your white board.
 Be quiet or else you...
QUESTION 1
 What type of rocks can igneous rocks change into
during the rock cycle?
ANSWER 1
 Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
QUESTION 2
 What is a rock generally made of?
ANSWER 2
 Minerals and other materials
QUESTION 3
 What will the texture of a rock look like if it has
cooled slowly from magma underground?
QUESTION 3
 Coarse, large, or medium grains
QUESTION 4
 What is the process called that glues sediment
together?
ANSWER 4
 Cementation
QUESTION 5
 Heat can change rocks into metamorphic rocks.
Where does the heat come from?
ANSWER 5
 Earth’s interior/core
QUESTION 6
 What does it mean if a metamorphic rock is
nonfoliated?
ANSWER 6
 The grains of the rock are arranged randomly
QUESTION 7
 True or false:
 Sandstone (sedimentary) changing into quartzite
(metamorphic) is an example of how sedimenta...
ANSWER 7
 False
QUESTION 8
 What is the most common extrusive igneous rock?
ANSWER 8
 Basalt
QUESTION 9
 What are the five things a substance has to be in
order to be considered a mineral?
ANSWER 9
 Solid, naturally occurring, inorganic, crystal
structure with a definite chemical make up (element
or compound)
QUESTION 10
 If a rock cools quickly, what will its texture be like?
ANSWER 10
 Fine grained or glassy/smooth
QUESTION 11
 Where do most metamorphic rocks form?
ANSWER 11
 Deep underground
QUESTION 12
 The series of processes on the Earth and below the
Earth’s surface that slowly changes rock from one
kind to...
QUESTION 12
 The rock cycle
QUESTION 13
 What is the process where sediment settles out of
the wind or water carrying it and stops moving?
ANSWER 13
 Deposition
QUESTION 14
 What does weathering do?
ANSWER 14
 Breaks down rock into smaller pieces
QUESTION 15
 You visit a mine and find it has iron ore. What is an
ore?
ANSWER 15
 An economically useful mineral combined with rock
QUESTION 16
 What is the most abundant intrusive rock?
ANSWER 16
 Granite
QUESTION 17
 List three minerals you see in the classroom right
now and what items they make up.
ANSWER 17
 Answers will vary
QUESTION 18
 Why is ice in your freezer not a mineral but ice in
Antarctica is?
ANSWER 18
 In your freezer, it’s human made, in Antarctica, it is
naturally occurring
QUESTION 19
 Why is coal not a mineral?
ANSWER 19
 Because it is organic
QUESTION 20
 What does the “hardness” of a mineral describe?
ANSWER 20
 How easily scratched the mineral can be
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Rocks Review 2013-2014

  1. 1. ROCKS REVIEW 16b – classify rocks by their formation (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary) (GPS) 16b1 – explain the rock cycle 16b2 – investigate the contributions of minerals to rock composition (GPS) 16b3 – discuss the importance of mineral and rock resources to society
  2. 2. PAGE 18  Divide page 18 in your notebook in half (top and bottom).  On the top half, write and answer these questions (be sure to leave room): 1. What are most rocks made up of? 2. How do we use rocks and minerals? 3. How are rocks classified?
  3. 3. PAGE 18  Next, copy this flow chart. Be sure to put details of how the rocks form: Rocks Clastic Chemical Organic
  4. 4. PAGE 18  Finally, draw and finish labeling the rock cycle: Igneous SedimentaryMetamorphic
  5. 5. REVIEW GAME  For each question, confer with your group, and write your answer on your white board.  Be quiet or else you will give away answers!  If you talk when Mrs. Wilson is talking, you will lose points for your team.
  6. 6. QUESTION 1  What type of rocks can igneous rocks change into during the rock cycle?
  7. 7. ANSWER 1  Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
  8. 8. QUESTION 2  What is a rock generally made of?
  9. 9. ANSWER 2  Minerals and other materials
  10. 10. QUESTION 3  What will the texture of a rock look like if it has cooled slowly from magma underground?
  11. 11. QUESTION 3  Coarse, large, or medium grains
  12. 12. QUESTION 4  What is the process called that glues sediment together?
  13. 13. ANSWER 4  Cementation
  14. 14. QUESTION 5  Heat can change rocks into metamorphic rocks. Where does the heat come from?
  15. 15. ANSWER 5  Earth’s interior/core
  16. 16. QUESTION 6  What does it mean if a metamorphic rock is nonfoliated?
  17. 17. ANSWER 6  The grains of the rock are arranged randomly
  18. 18. QUESTION 7  True or false:  Sandstone (sedimentary) changing into quartzite (metamorphic) is an example of how sedimentary rocks form.
  19. 19. ANSWER 7  False
  20. 20. QUESTION 8  What is the most common extrusive igneous rock?
  21. 21. ANSWER 8  Basalt
  22. 22. QUESTION 9  What are the five things a substance has to be in order to be considered a mineral?
  23. 23. ANSWER 9  Solid, naturally occurring, inorganic, crystal structure with a definite chemical make up (element or compound)
  24. 24. QUESTION 10  If a rock cools quickly, what will its texture be like?
  25. 25. ANSWER 10  Fine grained or glassy/smooth
  26. 26. QUESTION 11  Where do most metamorphic rocks form?
  27. 27. ANSWER 11  Deep underground
  28. 28. QUESTION 12  The series of processes on the Earth and below the Earth’s surface that slowly changes rock from one kind to another is called what?
  29. 29. QUESTION 12  The rock cycle
  30. 30. QUESTION 13  What is the process where sediment settles out of the wind or water carrying it and stops moving?
  31. 31. ANSWER 13  Deposition
  32. 32. QUESTION 14  What does weathering do?
  33. 33. ANSWER 14  Breaks down rock into smaller pieces
  34. 34. QUESTION 15  You visit a mine and find it has iron ore. What is an ore?
  35. 35. ANSWER 15  An economically useful mineral combined with rock
  36. 36. QUESTION 16  What is the most abundant intrusive rock?
  37. 37. ANSWER 16  Granite
  38. 38. QUESTION 17  List three minerals you see in the classroom right now and what items they make up.
  39. 39. ANSWER 17  Answers will vary
  40. 40. QUESTION 18  Why is ice in your freezer not a mineral but ice in Antarctica is?
  41. 41. ANSWER 18  In your freezer, it’s human made, in Antarctica, it is naturally occurring
  42. 42. QUESTION 19  Why is coal not a mineral?
  43. 43. ANSWER 19  Because it is organic
  44. 44. QUESTION 20  What does the “hardness” of a mineral describe?
  45. 45. ANSWER 20  How easily scratched the mineral can be

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