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Land use planning as an important component of IWRM plans by Prof. RNDr. László Miklós, DrSc.

Economic growth and water: an integrated approach helps

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Land use planning as an important component of IWRM plans by Prof. RNDr. László Miklós, DrSc.

  1. 1. Land use planning as an important component of IWRM plans Prof. RNDr. László Miklós, DrSc. Technical University in Zvolen , Slovakia [email_address] [email_address]
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Integration and integrated approach: basic questions </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional tools for integrated management in Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Integration in planning processes </li></ul><ul><li>Key messages and opportunities </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. Integration, integrated approach: </li></ul><ul><li>the basic questions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Integration, integrated approach: the basic questions <ul><li>The Command of the present days, </li></ul><ul><li>but at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>a fashion, </li></ul><ul><li>a favorite theme for politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Does everybody know, what is it about? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Integrated approach: Why? <ul><li>There is a scientific evidence: </li></ul><ul><li>The nature/landscape is an integrated system (geo-system) </li></ul><ul><li>A ll changes on one single element of this system cause changes on all other elements </li></ul>
  6. 6. We need to understand that <ul><li>When you apply a good management for the watershed protection, you protect at the same time the biodiversity , the soil erosion, the water pollution from agriculture, the microclimate for conservation, you protect the erosion of the soil, the biodiversity . </li></ul><ul><li>When you apply a wrong management for the soil, you harm the water, the biota, etc. </li></ul>The pressure of science: The integrated management is needed for a complex care of ecosystems
  7. 7. Agenda 21, Chapter 10: Integrated approach to the management of land resources <ul><li>There is only one landscape in the same space – it is to be accepted by each sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore an integrated approach is needed for its use. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Integrated approach: t he object <ul><li>landscape </li></ul><ul><li>geosystem </li></ul><ul><li>ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>watershed </li></ul><ul><li>territory </li></ul><ul><li>region </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>THE SPACE </li></ul>A material reality! The terms are only words!
  9. 9. What is the integration in the watershed management ? (A w ater manager ´s approach ) <ul><li>Water managers: more administrative approach: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complex approach to both the surface and groundwater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of course ! Nothing new. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>s olving problems in the whole hydrological watershed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of course ! Nothing new . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i nvolving all stakeholders and the public to solve the problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A new element of democracies ! </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What is the integration in the watershed management ? (A n ecologist`s approach ) <ul><li>T he ecologists criticize that the water managers concentrate on water , </li></ul><ul><li>not to the vessel = the landscape, </li></ul><ul><li>where the water occures! </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape ecologists: scientific approach </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of all activities on the whole watershed ! </li></ul>
  11. 11. T he o bject for integration? The the geosystem as a whole! Not its single elements!
  12. 12. Integrated approach: what to integrate? ? natural bodies – not possible ? land use form – not possible – all the forests, fields, constructions , industry, transport require the territory ? land use mode - limited ? physical management - limited – different sectors, owners, users What is possible to integrate?
  13. 13. <ul><li>The approach (a theorethical issue) – the policies </li></ul><ul><li>The use of similar argumentation and criteria for decision. </li></ul><ul><li>The integrated information system on the landscape </li></ul><ul><li>- should be the same for each sector </li></ul><ul><li>- based on GIS (INSPIRE) </li></ul><ul><li>The management tools = </li></ul><ul><li>The tools of organisation of the territory – the process chain of: </li></ul><ul><li>planning > projecting > regulation > control </li></ul>Integrated approach: what to integrate?
  14. 14. <ul><li>2 . Institutional tools for integrated management </li></ul><ul><li>in Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>The tools for spatial planning </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tools for spatial organisation = tools for integrated management <ul><li>Competency of the Ministry of environment: </li></ul><ul><li>Nature conservation (territoria l), NATURA 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape-ecological planning (?), econet planning </li></ul><ul><li>Management of the watersheds </li></ul><ul><li>Flood protection </li></ul><ul><li>IPPC - Integrated prevention and pollution control </li></ul><ul><li>Competency of other ministries: </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial planning (M of Development / Ministry of Environment) </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural land arrangement (Ministry of Agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Forest management planning (Ministry of Agriculture) </li></ul>PPÚ OP KP IMP ÚPN LHP FP
  16. 16. Agenda 21, Chapter 10: Integrated approach to the management of land resources <ul><li>Integrated management of the natural resources: the goal </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated physical planning and management </li></ul><ul><li>must act as a </li></ul><ul><li> frame and basement </li></ul><ul><li> for each sectoral plan. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Agenda 21, Chapter 10: Integrated approach to the management of land resources <ul><li>“ Government on the appropriate level … should: </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt planning and management systems that facilitate the integration of environmental components such as air, water, land and other natural resources, using landscape ecological planning (LANDEP) or other approaches that focus on, for example, ecosystem or a watershed.” ). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Integrated planning and management: <ul><li>An integrated plan = </li></ul><ul><li>a frame plan on the optimal organisation and utilisation </li></ul><ul><li>of the territory for </li></ul><ul><li>all sectors and </li></ul><ul><li>for the whole territory </li></ul><ul><li>= What, </li></ul><ul><li> where, how ? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Basic problems of integrated and sectoral aproaches <ul><li>Sectoral approach is very strong and prevailing </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance of the sectors (officers in the sectors) to be integrated under any over-sectoral concept/ planning/ decision-making process </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance of the sectoral plans (planners and designers) to accept the nature and landscape limitations as obligatory regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance of the public and municipal authorities to the limits and obligations in favor of nature, landscape and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure of interest groups to decide in their favor </li></ul><ul><li>Different understanding of the concept of integration (rarely as the integrative decision on the use of whole landscape for each sector) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>3 . Integration in planning processes </li></ul><ul><li>Case of Slovakia </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Act 7/2010 Z.z. on Flood Protection prescribes : <ul><li>T he Landscape-ecological base of the integrated management of the landscape = </li></ul><ul><li>the integrated information system </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive measures for flood protection </li></ul><ul><li>The measures slowing the run-off , increase the retention, natural accumulation. </li></ul><ul><li>The measures act as obligatory regulatives </li></ul><ul><li>in territorial plans </li></ul><ul><li>The key element for integration: </li></ul><ul><li>the Territorial System of Ecological Stability TSES = bicorridors, biocentres, eco-stabilising measures </li></ul>
  22. 22. Provisions of the Act 7/2010 Z.z. on Flood Protection § 9 Coordination of the plan of the management of flood risk with the watershed management plan and with the other spatial planning <ul><li>land arrangement projects , </li></ul><ul><li>territorial plans </li></ul><ul><li>forest management plans ; </li></ul>They alltogether will constitute the tool of integrated landscape management on the whole territory of the watershed . <ul><li>plan of the flood risk management </li></ul><ul><li>watershed management plan </li></ul>shall be coordinated with the
  23. 23. Scheme of the sequence in the integrated landscape management Management of the flood risk Integrated management of the watersheds National Water plan Watershed management <ul><ul><li>Integrated management of the protected area </li></ul></ul>Land a rrangement Territorial planning Landscape planning TSES INTEGRATED SPATIAL INFORMATION SYSTEM = basement for the integrated landscape mana gement Abiocomplexes Integrated landscape management Geoecosystems = Landscape-ecological complexes Socio-economic compexes Biocomplexes GIS based Atlas-es, Catalogues (INSPIRE) Forrest plans Abiocomplexes
  24. 24. <ul><li>4. Key messages and opportunities </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Unified complex information system </li></ul><ul><li>based on GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape plans </li></ul><ul><li>as legal, obligatory frame work and </li></ul><ul><li>obligatory measure for each sectoral plan </li></ul><ul><li>including </li></ul><ul><li>for water management plans. </li></ul>Provisions of AGENDA 21
  26. 26. What, where and how? Where and how to use the land?
  27. 27. There is still a lot of work for all of us!!! Thank you for your attention!