geo.admin.ch : use cases and economics aspects from five-year’s experience of cloud computing for the Swiss SDI #inspireconf20113

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Since already 15 years Switzerland has been establishing its Swiss Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure (FSDI). The Swiss FSDI evolved from an infrastructure project to a prioritized eGovernment pillar covering all administrative levels. Policy making, establishment of a legal framework and a paradigm shift from data to service provision (including metadata, data models, infrastructure) were key milestones. geo.admin.ch is the implementation and the portal to the Swiss FSDI according to the Swiss Federal Act on Geoinformation.

In 2012 geo.admin.ch has won the 2012 United Nations Public Service Award, 2nd place, in the category of “Advancing Knowledge Management in Government” which rewards the creative achievements and contributions of public service institutions that lead to a more effective and responsive public administration in countries worldwide.

FSDI customers benefit from a very performant and very flexible spatial data infrastructure. Thanks to the flexible underlying cloud infrastructure it was possible for the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (swisstopo) to handle the steady growth of the web traffic, which has doubled every year since 2008. This could be achieved by a novel combination of an open source software framework with an innovative cloud computing architecture resulting in an attractive cost/benefit ratio.

A major economic benefit can be achieved with the establishment of geo.admin.ch in Switzerland. Some Federal administration benefits for decision-making, planning and improving efficiency of governmental processes are that data production can be accelerated and data exchange processes simplified.

Other major achievements are leveraging open access, open standards, open source software, mobile support, map viewer user interface, mashups and API for all and, last but not least, scalability and agility on the infrastructure level thanks to cloud computing.

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geo.admin.ch : use cases and economics aspects from five-year’s experience of cloud computing for the Swiss SDI #inspireconf20113

  1. 1. INSPIRE 2013 Florence June 27th 2013 geo.admin.ch : use cases and economics aspects from five-years experience of cloud computing for the Swiss SDI Alain Buogo, Swiss Federal Office of Topography – swisstopo, Member of the board, Lead of Coordination, Geoinformation and Services (COGIS) David Oesch, Project leader geo.admin.ch Hanspeter Christ, Project leader Cloud Infrastructure
  2. 2. 08.05.2008 Swiss Federal Office of Topography - swisstopo established in 1838 ! Operating the federal geo-information center, swisstopo.. • produces high-quality spatial reference data and products derived thereof; • coordinates the activities for federal base geodata and promotes their broad application; • guarantees data dissemination and base information for monitoring spatial development in Switzerland.
  3. 3. Anniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  4. 4. 1838–1843 Friedrich Baader 1:25,000 Dufour Map swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  5. 5. 1875 / 1877 Alfred Cuttat 1:25,000 Siegfried Map swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  6. 6. 1877–1880 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 First edition swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  7. 7. 1894 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 1st revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  8. 8. 1902 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 2nd revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  9. 9. 1915–1916 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 3rd revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  10. 10. 1931 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 4th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  11. 11. 1940 Siegfried Map 1:25,000 5th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  12. 12. 1955 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 First edition swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  13. 13. 1965 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 1st revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  14. 14. 1970 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 2nd revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  15. 15. 1976 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 3rd revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  16. 16. 1982 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 4th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  17. 17. 1988 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 5th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  18. 18. 1994 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 6th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  19. 19. 2000 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 7th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  20. 20. 2006 Map of Switzerland 1:25,000 8th revision swisstopo map collection Documenting the landscapeAnniversary 175 years swisstopo : Journey through the time - open to the public
  21. 21. www.swisstopo.ch
  22. 22. Umsetzungskonzept zur Strategie für Geoinformation beim Bund 2003 Picture by lif added value by private industry investment by government Geoinformation market
  23. 23. Infras (2008): Analyse Geoinformationsmarkt Schweiz. Roman Frick, David Finger. GFX: Ralph Straumann, www.ralphstraumann.ch Infras & IWV (2002): Analyse Geodatenmarkt Schweiz. Roman Frick, MarioKeller, Anna Vettori, Joel Meier, Dieter Spahni.
  24. 24. eGovernment services are like a Rubiks Cube: Difficult to solve but always possible
  25. 25. Picture by floofy Federal Act on Geoinformation (GeoIG), 1. July 2008 Art. 1 Aim This Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relating to the territory of the Swiss Confederation is made available for general use to the authorities of the Confederation, the cantons and communes, the private sector, the public and to academic and scientific institutions in a sustainable, up-to-date, rapid and easy manner, in the required quality and at a reasonable cost. Law
  26. 26. Map viewer tile à 2562 pixel
  27. 27. ….and mobile!
  28. 28. ….and API! Mashups made easy data -> data as service -> interface to services
  29. 29. Picture by Iklasuhl Amal Characteristics 900‘000‘000 tiles managed 10‘000 users/day, peak > 35‘000 users /day 3000 delivered tiles/s 200 thematic maps 5 languages 1 portal 2‘000‘000‘000 tiles delivered since 08/2010
  30. 30. Demo • But HOW did we achieve this did we achieve this
  31. 31. Components Sea of laws API Applications Geoservices Tiles & Databases Open Source Software stack View Search Access Cloud Computing
  32. 32. Infrastructure as a Service [Cloud Security and Privacy, by Tim Mather, Subra Kumaraswamy, and Shahed Latif, ISBN 978-0-596-80276-9] Swisstopo‘s choice Traditional (On Premise) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Software as a Service (SaaS) Apps & Services VM Server Storage Network Apps & Services VM Server Storage Network Applications Services Server Storage Network Applications Services Server Storage Network Organization has control and responsibility Organisation shares control and responsibility with Cloud-provider Cloud provider has control and responsibility Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
  33. 33. Scalability on demand
  34. 34. More power in a few minutes Scalability on demand
  35. 35. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2010 2011 2012 RelativeMaintenanceCost(2010=100%) TotalServerFSDI Maintenance Cost pro Server (2010 = 100%)
  36. 36. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2010 2011 2012 GeodataTransferBGDI[TB] RelativecostprodeliveredGB (2010=100%) Cost pro GB delivered Geodata (2010 = 100%)
  37. 37. Open Access api.geo.admin.ch -> „freemium“ Picture by ul_Marga Access not ownership is where all content is going… (Kevin Kelly) wms.geo.admin.ch -> open geo.admin.ch -> open map.geo.admin.ch -> open
  38. 38. Open Standards Picture by bekathwia It is all about interoperability api.geo.admin.ch -> RESTful, OGC wms.geo.admin.ch -> OGC geo.admin.ch -> all browsers/devices map.geo.admin.ch -> (all) browsers/devices
  39. 39. Open Source Picture by ravages Scalability on demand - innovation - reusable
  40. 40. 40Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Division ..and it works! some awards: Picture by swisstopo
  41. 41. 41Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Division Thank you for your attention and welcome to david.oesch@swisstopo.ch hanspeter.christ@swisstopo.ch alain.buogo@swisstopo.ch twitter.com/swiss_geoportal www.geo.admin.ch

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