The basketball is a team sport that one
plays in a covered or disclosed track. In
him, two equipments of five players each
one, annotate points (baskets) introducing
a ball in a hoop, placed to 3,05 meters of
height, with the hands.
It was invented for James Naismith in
december of 1981 in YMCA of Springfield,
Massachusetts (Unites States). He designed
thirteen rules for this sports, since for
* It isn´t possible to strike the ball with the
* The player can not run with the ball.
* The ball can not agree neither with the arms
nor with the body.
* It´s not possible to load with the shoulder,
take hold, push, throb or put the trip.
It was introduced in Spain in 1921.
It was sport exhibition in the Olympian games
of 1928 and 1932, reached the Olympian category
* Players: The equipment is formed by
twelve players at the maximun. Five form
the inicial equipment (playmaker/ point
guard, shooting guard, small forward,
power forward and center) and others are
substitute. The clothes that they use are:
vest without sleeves with the number and
the name behind, shorts, short socks and
slippers that hold the ankles and don´t slip.
*Duration: In the FIBA there are four
periods of ten minutes each one, in the
NBA of twelve minutes and in NCAA there
are two periods of twenty minutes each
*Umpires: There is the principal one and
*Annotator´s table: The table controls the
incidents of the match. It´s formed for:
annotator, assistant of annotator, time-
kepper, operator of the rule of 24 seconds
-Free shots: one point.
-Shots inside zone or of the line of triple:
-Shots out of the line of triple: three points.
* Playground: It has to be a flat, hard,
rectangular and free surface of obstacles, of
15 meters of width and 28m of length. It´s
divided in two equal halves. There are
several parts: zone of assault, of defense,
line of triple, zone, line of free shots, line of
bottom and wings, …
* Basket: There are two , one in every zone of
playground. The hoop has a diameter of
45,7 cm and is to a height of
3,05 m of the soil.
*Ball: It´s of synthetic
material and spherical
( weight: 567-650 g;
circunferencia: 74,9-78 cm).
Infrigement o the
• Three seconds.
• Throw/ background.
• Field behind.
• Personal foul.
• Offensive foul.
• Technical foul.
• Disqualifying foul.
Now basketball is very popular worldwide. In
the Unites States the NBA played, considered
the most prestigious club competition in the
Spain has a great track
record and great players
like Pau Gasol or José
Manuel Calderón. The
Spanish team is the
reigning champion of Europe