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Physical Project Class 12

It is a physical project for class 12 CBSE Board.

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Physical Project Class 12

  1. 1. P.P.J.SARASWATI VIHAR - 2015-16 PROJECT ON BASKETBALL PHYSICAL &HEALTH EDUCATION SUBMITTED BY:- Kushagra Gupta XII Board Roll No.:- _ _ _ _ _ _ SUBMITTED TO:- Umesh sharma (P.G.T. Phy. Edu.)
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT In the accomplishment of this project successfully many people have best owned upon me their blessings and the heart pledged support this time I am utilizing to thank all the people who have been concerned with the project. Primarily i would thank god for being able to complete this project with success. Then I would like to thank my physical & health education teacher MR. UMESH SHARMA, whose valuable guidance has been the ones that helped me patch this project and make it full proof success his suggestions and his instructions has served as the major contributor towards the completion of the project. Then i would like to thank my parents and friends who have helped me with their valuable suggestions and guidance has been helpful in various phases of the completion of the project. Last but not the least i would like to thank my classmates who helped me a lot. KUSHAGRA GUPTA XIITH
  4. 4. Content • History of the Game • Invention of the Game • Rules • Field & Measurement • Fundamental Skill • Terminologies • Warm Up Activities & Stretching Exercises • Common injuries • How are Basketball injuries treated? • How are Basketball injuries prevented? • Tournaments • Important Venues • Important Personalities
  5. 5. History of Basketball  The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football.  The game became established fairly quickly, very popular as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then throughout the world.  After basketball became established in American colleges, the professional game followed; the American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1949, grew to a multi-billion dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture.
  6. 6. Invention of the Game  The game of Basketball, as we know it today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts to condition young athletes during the cold.  It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of 18 into two teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game.  The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball.  After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.
  7. 7. Original Rules I. There were only thirteen rules of "basket ball". II. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. III. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. IV. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed. V. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it. VI. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute. VII. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5.
  8. 8. Original Rules VIII. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents. IX. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal. X. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
  9. 9. Original Rules XI. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. XII. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. XIII. The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between. XIV.The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.
  10. 10. Field & Measurement {Size Circumference Weight (In Grams) Recommended For Size 7 29.5 623.69 Men & Boys Ages 15- Up Size 6 28.5 566.99 Boys Ages 12-14. Women Ages 12- Up Size 5 27.5 481.94 Boys & Girls Ages 9-11 Size 4 25.5 396.89 Boys & Girls Ages 5-8 Size 3 22 283.50 Boys & Girls Ages 4-8 Size 1 16 226.80 Boys & Girls Ages 2-4 Nerf Toy 9-20 28.35 - 141.75 Great For Toddlers 0-4 Years Old
  11. 11. Field
  12. 12. Fundamental Skill  Dribbling :- Dribbling is an important skill for all basketball players. This skill will allow you to move up and down the court, maneuver past defenders and execute plays. Proper dribbling requires ball-handling skills and knowledge of how to spread your fingers for ball control.  Shooting :- In order to score points in basketball, you need to shoot the ball into the hoop. This requires the ability to properly hold and throw the ball into the air toward the basket while avoiding defenders.
  13. 13.  Running :- Running is a big part of basketball. In a full-court game, you will find yourself running back and forth as the game quickly transitions between offense and defense.  Passing :- Passing is another skill that when mastered can help you become a complete basketball player. Basketball is a team sport that involves finding a teammate who is open for a shot.  Jumping :- Jumping is another skill that can define how good a basketball player is. Jumping is involved in offense during the jump ball in the beginning, while taking shots and sometimes while trying to catch a pass.
  14. 14.  Backboard - The rectangular piece of wood or fiberglass that the rim attaches to.  Bench - The substitute basketball players.  Blocked Shot - When a defensive basketball player makes contact with the basketball while another player is shooting the ball.  Bounce Pass - In this pass, the basketball bounces about two-thirds of the way from the passer to the receiver.  Charging :- An offensive foul, which occurs when an offensive player runs into a defender who has established position. Terminology
  15. 15.  Dunk :- A shot in which a jumping player slams the ball down into the opponent’s basket from above.  Foul:- Actions by players, which break the rules but are not floor violations.  Jump shot: Field-goal attempt by a player with both feet off the floor, enabling the player to shoot over the defender.  Rebound: A term used to describe the actual retrieving of the ball as it rebounds from the backboard or the ring after a missed shot.
  16. 16. Warm up activities & stretching exercises  We start with the specific exercise down one side of the court and jog out the rest of the lap to really warm-up. 1. Dynamic Warm-Up:- high knee pulls, lunges, high knees, power skips, high knees, reverse knee pulls. 2. Stretch Lines:-Arm circles forward and back, shoulder stretch, in and outs with arms straight at the elbow, hanging hamstring stretch, toe grabber ham-string stretch, seated right arm/left leg sit and reach and reverse, right and left leg sit and reach with both hands and knee bent, both legs straight out sit and reach, groin stretch, standing splits and 25 old fashioned jumping jacks.  At the end of this stretch and warm-up your basketball players should be warm and ready to go.
  17. 17. Common Injuries • Ankle Sprains • Jammed Fingers • Knee Injuries • Deep Thigh Bruising • Facial Cuts • Foot Fractures
  18. 18. HOW ARE BASKETBALL INJURIES TREATED? 1. Ankle Sprains:- Treatment for an ankle sprain involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). The need for X-rays and evaluation by a physician is determined on a caseby- case basis and depends on the severity and location of pain. Pain and swelling over the bone itself may need further evaluation. An injury to the ankle in a child who is still growing could represent a simple sprain or could be the result of an injury to the growth plates located around the ankle and should be evaluated by a physician. 2. Deep Thigh Bruising :- Treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Commercially available girdles with thigh pads are now available for protection.
  19. 19. 3. Knee Injuries :- Basketball requires extensive stop and go and cutting maneuvers which can put the ligaments and menisci of the knee at risk. Injury to the medial collateral ligament is most common following a blow to the outside of the knee and can be often be treated with ice, bracing and a gradual return to activity. 4. Jammed Fingers :- Jammed fingers occur when the ball contacts the end of the finger and causes significant swelling of a single joint. Application of ice and buddy taping the finger to the adjacent finger may provide some relief and allow the athlete to return to play. If pain and swelling persist, evaluation by a physician or athletic trainer is recommended and an x-ray of the finger may be needed.
  20. 20. 5. Stress Fractures :- Stress fractures can occur from a rapid increase in activity level or training or from overtraining. Stress fractures in basketball most commonly occur in the foot and lower leg (tibia). Once diagnosed, a period of immobilization and non-weight bearing is recommended. Return to play is permitted once the fracture has completely healed and the athlete is pain free. 6. Facial Cuts :- Depending on the depth of the injury, the cut may require stitches or a "butterfly" sterile tape. Ice may provide pain relief and decrease swelling. Players can return to play after all blood is removed and the wound is dressed.
  21. 21. HOW CAN BASKETBALL INJURIES BE PREVENTED? 1. Have a pre-season physical examination and follow your doctor's recommendations for basketball injury prevention. 2. Hydrate adequately - waiting until you are thirsty is often too late to hydrate properly. 3. Pay attention to environmental recommendations, especially in relation to excessively hot and humid weather, to help avoid heat illness. 4. Maintain proper fitness - injury rates are higher in athletes who have not adequately prepared physically. 5. The athlete should return to play only when clearance is granted by a health care professional.
  22. 22. 6. After a period of inactivity, progress gradually back to full- contact basketball through activities such as aerobic conditioning, strength training, and agility training. 7. Avoid overuse injuries - more is not always better! Many sports medicine specialists believe that it is beneficial to take at least one season off each year. Try to avoid the pressure that is now exerted on many young athletes to over-train. Listen to your body and decrease training time and intensity if pain or discomfort develops. This will reduce the risk of injury and help avoid "burn-out." 8. Talk with your coach and/or athletic trainer about an ACL injury prevention program and incorporating the training principles into team warm-ups.
  23. 23. Tournaments Top Tournaments  Basketball World Cup  Olympic Games  American Tournaments:  NBA  Argentine League LNB  European Tournaments:  Euroleague  Italian League  Spanish ACB League  National Teams Tournaments: European Championships South American Champ.
  24. 24. I M P O R T A N T RANK Venue Capacity Location Country 1 Philippine Arena 55000 Bulacan Philippines 2 Carrier Dome 35446 Syracuse United states 3 Kombank Arena 25000 Belgrade Serbia 4 Rupp Arena 23500 Lexington United states 5 United Center 23400 Chicago United states 6 Greensboro Coliseum 23377 Greensboro United states 7 KFC Yum! Center 22090 Louisville United states 8 Araneta Coliseum 22000 Quezon City Philippines 9 Dean Smith Center 21750 Chapel Hill United states 10 Thompson-Boling Arena 21678 Knoxville United states V E N U E S
  25. 25. Important Personalities 1. Michael Jordan 2. Wilt Chamberlain 3. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 4. Bill Russell 5. Satnam Singh Bhamara 6. Larry Bird 7. Tim Duncan 8. Oscar Robertson 9. Shaquille O'Neal 10. Hakeem Olajuwon