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Alexander the Great - a quick overview


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Upon finishing Unit 7, 5th graders read about the most fascinating facts regarding the greatest leader and strategist who ever lived. Intrigued and about to visit the Museum of Vergina, they threw themselves in a little project using collaborative tools padlet and canva to create info posters with basic information about Alexander's family, childhood, conquests and death.

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Alexander the Great - a quick overview

  1. 1. Olympia was daughter of king Neoptolemus I of Epirus, the fourth wife of the king of Macedonia, Philip II, and the mother of Alexander the Great. She was a devout member of the orgiastic snakeworshipping cult of Dionysus, it is suggested by the 1st century AD biographer, Plutarch, that she may have slept with snakes. Olympias was the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of the Mollosians, an ancient Greek tribe in Epirus, and sister of Alexander I. The name Olympias was the third of four names by which she was known. She probably took it as a recognition of Philip's victory in the Olympic Games of 356 BC, the news of which coincided with Alexander's birth. Their relationship was very stormy because Philip was unfaithful and Olympias was jealous. In 337, when Philip married a noble Macedonian woman, Cleopatra, things got a lot worse. Some believe that Olympias organised the murder of Philip.       Philip and Olympias
  2. 2. When he reached the age of 13,Philip hired the Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander's personal tutor.During the next three years Aristotle gave Alexander a training in rhetoric and literature and stimulated his interest in science,medicine,and philosophy,all of which became of importance in Alexander's later life ALEXANDER  CHILDHOOD Alexander spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power. At the age of 12 he showed his equestrian skill to his father and all who where watching when he tamed Bucephalus.
  3. 3. ALEXANDER  CHILDHOOD As a child he learnt to read,write,fight and hunt as was typical for sons of noble birth in that era.He grew up to be a brave boy and tamed an unruly horse when he was 12 years old.The horse,named Bucephalas, became his favorite horse and served him for several years. King Philip asked the great philosopher, Aristotle, to teach Alexander and provided the Temple of the Nymphs at Mieza as a classroom. Aristotle tutored Alexander and the children of Macedonian nobles in subjects like medicine, philosophy, morals, religion, logic and art. Taught by him Alexander also developed love for literature. When Alexander was 16, his father left him in charge of the kingdom as a regent while fighting against Byzantion. While Philip was away, the Thracians rose against Macedonia. Even though he was a young boy, Alexander managed to push them away.
  4. 4. In 349 BC [15] Leonidas, a relative of the Olympiad, assumed the responsibility of raising the prince. Under his supervision, Alexander taught arithmetic, geometry, music, and he was particularly involved in horse riding. Later, Philip pledged his son Aristotle, who taught him the history, astronomy, geography, medicine, literature and political sciences, along with the rest of the young members of the Macedonian aristocracy. [16] The apprenticeship near the great philosopher played a decisive role in the character of the young Alexander ALEXANDER CHILDHOOD
  5. 5. Alexander's conquests Add a little bit of body text Add subheading Asia Balkans Before crossing to Asia, Alexander wanted to conquer Balkans in the spring of 335 B.C. Starting from Amphipolis, he travelled into the country of ''Independent Thracians'' and at Haemus the Macedonian army attacked the Thracians and defeated their army. Alexander then marched into the country of Danube, encountering the Getae tribe on the opposite shore. At night, Alexander surprised them and conquered their country. While Alexander was conquering other cities of Balkan the Thebans and the Athenians revolted against the Macedonian empire but they lost the battle and their cities. Alexander then continued his conquests in Asia without continuing in the Balkans. Egypt Alexander advanced to Egypt in 332BC. There, he was considered to be a liberator. He was the son of the god Amon in the Maniota Siva oasis in the Libyan desert. Here Alexander was often referred to as Diamon as his father and after his death the coins depicted the ragged horn as a Symbol of his godhood. During his time in Egypt, he founded Alexandria to Egypt which would become the prosperous capital of Ptolemy, who became king after his death. Alexander's Map of Conquests
  6. 6. Add subheadingAdd subheading Asia and Persia In 334 BC, Alexander crossed the Hellespont into Asia. It took over one hundred triremes (boats with oars) to transport the entire Macedonian army, but Darius ||| with the Persian army destroyed the land in front of Alexander, which he hoped would force Alex- ander's army to starve, and then to turn back. Opposite he got deeper into Persian territory, Darius put Memnon in control of an army, and told him to finally confront Alexander. The Battle of the Granicus river in May 334 BC was fought in Northwestern Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey), near the site of Troy. After crossing the Hellespont, Alexander advanced up the road to the capital of the Satrapy of Phrigya. The Persian's army gathered in town of Zelea and offered battle on the banks of the Granicus River. Alexander fought a lot of times on a river bank. Persians couldn't fight in muddy river bank. The battle started with a cavalry and light infantry attack from the Macedonian left, so the Persians heavily reinforced that side, while he and the cavalars were attack from the center of the Persian line. This tactic caught Persians off guard and Alexander easily won the battle. Alexander's army after crossing the Hellespont Alexandaer's phalanx of Elite Hypaspists
  7. 7. At the end of the 5th century Archelaus I brought to his court artists, poets, and philosophers from all over the Greek world: it was, for example, at Aigai that Euripides wrote and presented his last tragedies.At the beginning of the 4th century BC, Archelaus transferred the Macedonian capital north-east to Pella on the central Macedonian plain . In the museum there is the golden larnaca and items from the tomb of Philip II THE MUSEUMOF VERGINATO ALEXANDER Vergina is a small town in northern Greece, part of Veroia.Vergina is best known as the site of ancient Aigai the first capital of Macedon. A museum now contains Philip's tomb and a new museum is being constructed for the palace and other finds.Aigai never became a large city and most of its inhabitants lived in surrounding villages.
  8. 8. ALEXANDER'S DEATH Alexander the Great died between the evening of June 10 and June 11 at the age of 32. Macedonians and local residents wept at the news while Achaemenid subjects shaved their heads.The mother of Darius learned Alexander's death and she refused to eat and died a few days later. Shortly after Alexander's death, in Babylon the possession of his body was a subject of negotiations. Alexander's body was transferred from Memphis to Alexandria where it was reburied. The location of Alexander's tomb is an enduring mystery and we haven't found it yet.