King of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian
Empire. Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient
capital of Macedonia. He was the son of Philipo
II, king of Macedonia and of Olympias, a
princess of Epirus.
Aristotles was Alexander’s tutor; he gave
Alexander a through training in rethoric and
literature and stimulated his interest in science,
medicine, and philosophy.
In the summer of 336 BC Philipo II was
assassinated, and Alexander ascended to the
Macedonian throne. He took immediate
measures to quell insurrections, both domestic
and abroad, establishing himself as a powerful
After supressing domestic rebellions in 336 BC,
Alexander led his troops in campaigns against the
Greece, Egypt, and Persian Empire, ruling most
of the civilised world by the time.
He regularly defeated them and opened nearly all
of the Persian Empire to Macedonians. After
capturing Babylon, Susa, and Persepolis,
Alexander continued to India, reaching the
Hyphasis River before returning to Babylon to
administer his vast empire.
Alexander was treated as a living good by many.
He was busy with new plans, including one to
improve the irrigation of the Euphrates, another
to settle the coast of the Persian Gulf, and
another to send out a naval expedition to explore
the East Coast of Africa.
After a banquet in Babylon, he was suddenly
taken ill. Ten days later, on June 13, 323 BC, he
died of malaria. He was thirty-three years old. He
had reigned for twelve years and eight months.
* Lea la siguiente información y luego
reconozca en el mapa los lugares que se
mencionan en el texto. Posteriormente
identifique escribiendo las fechas.
336 BC Before the end of the summer, he had
restablished his position in Greece.
335 BC He carried out a successful campaign against
penetrating to the Danube River.
334 BC Alexander began his war against Persia.
333 BC The Battle of Issus ended in a great victory for
332 BC He founded, at the mouth of the Nile River, the
City of Alexandria, which later became the literary, scientific,
and commercial centre of the Greek world.