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English for presentation Unit 4

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English for presentation Unit 4

  1. 1. English for presentation Unit four
  2. 2. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  3. 3. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  4. 4. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  5. 5. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  6. 6. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  7. 7. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  8. 8. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  9. 9. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter bar chart table technical drawing flow chart map (line) graph pie chart organizational chart
  10. 10. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Which of these visuals would you use to describe: Your company’s market share? Pie chart The steps to be followed from order placement to delivery of a product? Flow chart What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter
  11. 11. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 profit Which of these visuals would you use to describe: Your company’s new organizational structure? Organizational chart / organigram A comparison of the net profit of last year’s four quarters? Bar chart What are these visuals called? Match the numbers to the descriptions. starter
  12. 12. My next slide shows …Unit 3 How do we open presentationsreview I W S E Welcome the audience Introduce yourself Say what the topic is Explain why the audience will be interested
  13. 13. My next slide shows …Unit 3 What do you tell your audience in the introduction?review Who you are What the talk is about Why your presentation is relevant to them How the presentation is structured
  14. 14. My next slide shows …Unit 3 How can we get the audience’s attention?review Ask rhetoric question Start with an interesting fact Give them a problem to think about
  15. 15. My next slide shows …Unit 3 What do you tell your audience in the introduction?review How do you explain how your presentation is structured I’ve divided my presentation into three main parts In my presentation I’ll focus on three major issues First , ……… second, …………………, third
  16. 16. My next slide shows …Unit 3 How do you structure a presentation?review Most formal - and many informal - presentations have three main parts and follow this simple formula Tell the audience what you are going to say ! Say it! Tell them what you said! = Introduction = Main part = Conclusion
  17. 17. My next slide shows …Unit 3 How do you structure a presentation?review There are several ways you can tell the audience what you are going to say Would like + infinitive going to + infinitive will + infinitive will be + verb -ing
  18. 18. My next slide shows …Unit 3 Today we are going to deal with: 1- Tools and media used for presentation 2- What expressions we should use to navigate the presentation, to refer to previous or coming slides and give more elaboration to the content 3- The most convenient way of formatting a slide
  19. 19. My next slide shows …Unit 3 4- How we say numbers, especially long ones, and those with fractions 5- How we replace exact numbers by approximate ones Today we are going to deal with:
  20. 20. My next slide shows …Unit 3 7- How we emphasize important points. 8- How we express contrast and describe results 6- How we draw the audience’s attention. Today we are going to deal with:
  21. 21. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 profit Presentation 1: Listen to excerpts from three presentations and say what visuals are used.1 Presentation 2: Presentation 3:
  22. 22. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 profit Presentation 1: Listen to excerpts from three presentations and say what visuals are used.1 Presentation 2: Presentation 3: pie chart line (graph) bar chart
  23. 23. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 profit Now listen again and complete the sentences1 Presentation 1: 1- The next chart Shows the breakdown by age in our company 2- You can see the biggest Indicates thesegment of the employees in the age group 30 to 50Percentage
  24. 24. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Talking about visuals1 profit The first rule of preparing effective visuals is that they should be clear and easy for the audience to follow However, sometimes it is necessary to explain a more complicated visual, and it is always necessary to point out the most important information
  25. 25. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Talking about visuals1 profit How to explain visuals First let me quickly explain the graph You can see that different colors have been used to indicate … The key in the bottom left-hand corner shows you …
  26. 26. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Talking about visuals1 profit How to highlight information I’d like to start by drawing your attention to … What I’d like to point out here is … I think you will be surprised to see … I’d like you to focus your attention on … Let’s look more closely at …
  27. 27. As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Exercise: Which is the box (page 33)2 profit 1- in the center 2- in the bottom left-hand corner 3- across the top 4- down the left side of the slide 5- on the left 6- in the upper right-hand corner 7- across the bottom 8- on the right b a d e f c h g
  28. 28. Total Health Spending nursing home care prescription drugs administration doctors and clinical services other spending hospital care As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 23 % 7% 10 % 7% 31% 22 %
  29. 29. This pie chart shows our total health spending for the last year and how it is among the various health sector area. Let’s begin with the biggest area which is We can that 31 % of our total health spending divided see in green. went into hospital care last year. The second biggest area of 23 % is “other spending” – that’s thewith a shown total As you can see from this graph …Unit 4
  30. 30. I think you will be to see that nearly the same - that’s 22 % - was spent on doctors and clinicalamount segment here. It includes dental services and home health care. surprised services. This was manly because of the increase in medical technology costs. I’d now like to draw your Prescription drugs which for 10 % of our total costs. to the account attention As you can see from this graph …Unit 4
  31. 31. Two presenters are describing graphs. Listen and complete the graphs.5 fall fluctuated picking up reached rose slumped As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 0
  32. 32. Two presenters are describing graphs. Listen and complete the graphs.5 fall fluctuated picking up reached rose slumped As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 200 400 800 1200 1400 0 600 1000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  33. 33. Complete the sentences from the two excerpts with words from the boxes. Then listen again and check6 decline fall fluctuated picking up reached rose slumped 1- As you can see here, passenger numbers between 2.1 and 2.3 million in first four months 2- They even moderately in May fluctuated rose As you can see from this graph …Unit 4
  34. 34. Complete the sentences from the two excerpts with words from the boxes. Then listen again and check6 decline fall picking up reached slumped 3- In June you’ll notice a sharp 4- Passenger traffic in passenger numbers. to about 1.5 million - a of almost 40 % fall slumped decline As you can see from this graph …Unit 4
  35. 35. Complete the sentences from the two excerpts with words from the boxes. Then listen again and check6 picking up reached 5- As a result, ticket sales started 6- By the end of September, passenger numbers had in July just over 2 million. picking up reached As you can see from this graph …Unit 4
  36. 36. Complete the sentences from the two excerpts with words from the boxes. Then listen again and check6 increase rocketed rose went downstood As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 1- the figure by about 50,000 in the following year. 2- in 2005, however, sales to 1 million … rose rocketed
  37. 37. Complete the sentences from the two excerpts with words from the boxes. Then listen again and check6 increase went downstood As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 3- 2006 even saw a further in sales to 1.5 million … 4- As expected, sales again in 2007 and at just over a million at the end of the year increase went down stood
  38. 38. 7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Upward Downward Other climb double expand go up grow pick up reach a high rise increase recover decline decrease drop fall go down plunge hit a low fluctuate remain stable stabilize stay the same These verbs describe movement or trends. Put them in the correct category: (page 36)
  39. 39. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the past simple to talk about a movement or trend which happened in the past and now finished Signal words of the past simple are: last year / month / quarter …etc, in (January) , from 2008 - 2011 during (the Global Financial Crisis) Examples: • In April, the rate of unemployment rose to 18 %.
  40. 40. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the past simple to talk about a movement or trend which happened in the past and now finished Signal words of the past simple are: last year / month / quarter …etc, in (January) , from 2008 - 2011 during (the Global Financial Crisis) Examples: • Our exports almost doubled between May and June.
  41. 41. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the past simple to talk about a movement or trend which happened in the past and now finished Signal words of the past simple are: last year / month / quarter …etc, in (January) , from 2008 - 2011 during (the Global Financial Crisis) Examples: • In 2003, china’s car production increased by 85 %
  42. 42. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the present perfect to talk about a movement or trend which started in the past but is not yet finished. Signal words are: since (October), for (five years), this (month, quarter, year …etc.) expressions with “over” (over the past four months) Examples: • The number of German investors has declined since 2007
  43. 43. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the present perfect to talk about a movement or trend which started in the past but is not yet finished. Signal words are: since (October), for (five years), this (month, quarter, year …etc.) expressions with “over” (over the past four months) Examples: • The US economy has grown rapidly over the past six months
  44. 44. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 We use the present perfect to talk about a movement or trend which started in the past but is not yet finished. Signal words are: since (October), for (five years), this (month, quarter, year …etc.) expressions with “over” (over the past four months) Examples: • High oil prices have affected OPEC countries positively for five years
  45. 45. Talking about trends7 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Rise or Raise Rise (without an abject) Oil prices rose dramatically last year. Oil prices have risen over the past three years. To raise sth (with an abject) The oil industry raised prices last year. The European Central bank has raised interest rate. present Past simple P. participle rise rose risen present Past simple P. participle raise raised raised
  46. 46. 8 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Use the notes to make sentences in the past simple or present perfect 1- telephone costs / rise / since January 2- sales / drop / at the beginning of the year 3- energy consumption / increase / over the past 30 years Telephone costs have risen since January. Sales dropped at the beginning of the year energy consumption has increased over the past 30 years
  47. 47. 8 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Rewrite sentences 1 - 6 to express the opposite (page37)
  48. 48. 9 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Read the sentences and check whether “rise” or “raise” have been used correctly. Correct the mistakes (page 37)
  49. 49. 10 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Choose the correct verb to fit the sentences (page 38) 1- productivity has hit a low - has gone down - fell in November. 2- Output climbed up - has improved - recovered since 2003. 3- After the takeover in May, sales grew up - have decreased - plunged
  50. 50. 10 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Choose the correct verb to fit the sentences (page 38) 4- This year our market share raised - has grown - dropped down by 10 %. 5- Staff numbers have doubled - rose up - have raised this year. 6- In 2004, sales have climbed - slumped - have risen
  51. 51. 11 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 The following sentences describe a graph. Put them in the correct order. Then listen and check. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 c e g a d f b
  52. 52. 11 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Match words from columns A and B to make word collocations from the text. A drastic improve rise temporary B significantly setback steadily decline drastic decline improve significantly rise steadily temporary setback
  53. 53. 11 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Talking about trends There was a sudden increase in prices. In August, we notice a moderate fall. This was followed by a gradual decline. In the second quarter there was a significant recovery. The last decade witnessed a sharp rise in oil prices. Adjective + noun
  54. 54. 11 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Talking about trends Sales increased slightly in summer. Over the past two years, the number has dropped significantly. Last month, the rate rose sharply Our financial situation improved moderately last month The EU exports to the US market declined drastically in June Adjective + noun
  55. 55. 12 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Complete the sentences by the correct form of the correct verb / adverb combinations in the box The symbols indicate what kind of movement is described. Page (39)
  56. 56. 13 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Rewrite the sentences using an adjective + noun expression Rewrite the sentences using an adjective + noun expression and one of the sentence beginnings from the box Page (39)
  57. 57. 14 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Cause and effect Sometimes it is necessary to interpret visuals. We can interpret either by explaining the reason behind a fact (explaining the cause), or by explaining consequences (effect) of something. Examples: The new financial policy has resulted in significant expenditure reduction significant expenditure reduction is caused by the new financial policy
  58. 58. 14 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Do the exercise on page 40 lead to result in due to Because and the reason is … Express cause Express effect due to because lead to result in andthe reason is …
  59. 59. 14 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Checklist for using visuals (charts & graphs ) Make sure the visual is as clear and easy to understand. Start by telling your audience what the graph illustrates. Highlight the key points Say why these points are important (explain the cause/ effect) Use different verbs to explain movement / development Use the same key words and phrases in your bullet chart.
  60. 60. 14 As you can see from this graph …Unit 4 Checklist for using visuals (charts & graphs ) What advice would you give someone who has to describe trends on graphs and charts?

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