Bush doctrine by @JWongi


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Presentation slides for World Issues class in high school. I'm 12th grade in CheongShim International Academy. Designed these slides to elaborate about Bush Doctrine and its implications. Enjoy.

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  • The slides are graphically well done, but the content is poor, one sided, a cartoon or caricature rather than a thoughtful analysis, and much of it will not survive analysis on any given major point. I say this not merely because I disagree, but because the arguments are not well made nor properly supported and argued. E.g. look at the status of schools and universities in Afghanistan, or at the electoral process in Iraq. The slide presentation represents cherry-picking, not analysis.
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Bush doctrine by @JWongi

  1. 1. Bush doctrineJUSTICE OF SELF DEFENSE Yoojin Kwon Chaiwon Baek Jaehee Lee Junhwa Lee Ryu Hansaem Jooyeon Lim Wongi Jung
  3. 3. 3 Bush Doctrine TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  4. 4. 4 9/11 Crisis Invasion of Afghanistan Bush Doctrine ESCALATION breach of trust with middle east
  5. 5. 5 ...the first duty of the United States remains what it always has been: to protect the American people and American interests. The greater the threat, the greater is the risk of inaction. To forestall or prevent such hostile acts by our adversaries, the United States will, if necessary, act preemptively in exercising our inherent right of self defense. “ Bush Doctrine DEFINITION National Security Strategy of the United States, Sep 17th, 2002
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7 preemptive strikes DEFINITION If we wait for threats to fully materialize, we will have waited too long. Our security will require transforming the military you will lead: a military that must be ready to strike at a moment’s notice in any dark corner of the world. “ ” George W. Bush, Jun 1st, 2002 speech at West Point
  8. 8. 8 unilateralism SUMMARY ... any doctrine or agenda that supports one-sided action. a tendency of nations to conduct their foreign affairs individualistically, characterized by minimal consultation and involvement, even with their allies. “Wikipedia: Unilateralism The Free Dictionary.com
  9. 9. history ofU.S. DIPLOMATICS
  10. 10. 10 “Why, by interweaving our destiny with that of any part of Europe, entangle our peace and prosperity in the toils of European Ambition...?” isolationismGEORGE WASHINGTON George Washington’s Farewell Address, 1796
  11. 11. 11 monroe doctrine JAMES MONROE “...we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety.” 7th annual State of the Union address, 1823
  12. 12. 12 a big stickTHEODORE ROOSEVELT "Chronic wrongdoing... may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation," “walk softly, but carry a big stick.” Roosevelt corollary to Monroe doctrine, 1905
  13. 13. 13 Ike’s dominoDWIGHT D. EISENHOWER “You have a row of dominoes set up, you knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is a certainty that it will go over very quickly.” Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954 press conference
  14. 14. 14 after 9.11GEORGE W. BUSH “You are either with us or you are against us in the fight against terror.” George W. Bush, 2001 Nov. 6th press conference
  15. 15. larger backyardNOT IN MY BACKYARD
  16. 16. limitationsOF BUSH DOCTRINE
  17. 17. One of three axis of evil Highly dependent on export of oil Had the first Gulf War with U.S. about Iraq“DARK CORNER OF THE WORLD”
  18. 18. 18 Weapons of Mass Destruction Human Rights Violation 500t Uranium from Nigeria justifications
  19. 19. 19 MARCH 20TH, 2003 freedom of Iraq America carried out preemptive strike against Iraq without UN’s permission MAY 1ST, 2003 end of the war Allied forces bombed Iraq, overthrew the dictatorship of Saddam Hussain
  20. 20. 20 breach of integrity Dr. David A. Kay “... Iraq did not have weapons of mass destruction.” head of the Iraq Survey Weapons inspector
  21. 21. 21 important questions 1. Is it possible to check possession of WMD? 2. Then, did Iraq have WMD? 3. Can this Doctrine resolve and prevent terrorism? CAN BUSH DOCTRINE BE JUSTIFIED?
  22. 22. 22 1. Is it possible to check possession of WMD?
  23. 23. 23 2. Then, did Iraq have WMD?
  24. 24. 24 3. Can this doctrine resolve and prevent terrorism?
  25. 25. then, why? REASONS FOR BUSH DOCTRINE
  26. 26. To protect U.S. from terrorists more influence and benefits
  27. 27. to protect America THE VANTAGE POINT Given the magnitude of threat, the only acceptable strategy is one that eliminates the possibility that Iraq will be able to use weapons of mass destruction… removing Saddam Hussein and his regime for power. That needs to become the aim of U.S. foreign policy.“Jan 26th, 1998 letter to President Clinton,
  28. 28. to protect America 9/11 TERROR - “The U.S. will not distinguish terrorists and nations that harbor terrorists.” - Al Qaeda attacked WTC and Pentagon on 9/11, 2001.
  29. 29. to protect AmericaFLAW OF LOGIC - Why not attack other axis of evil? - According to U.N. investigation, there was no WMD in Iraq.
  30. 30. richer, stronger REVIVING PAX AMERICANA to gain control of oil to interfere in foreign states to get a ticket to bypass U.N.
  31. 31. richer, stronger SECURING OIL RESOURCES - Saddam Hussein had wanted to control the Straits of Hormuz and so control Middle East oil shipments. - “Had Saddam been able to do that it would have been devastating to the west.” Alan Greenspan, a long time head of the U.S. Central Bank
  32. 32. richer, stronger INTERFERING IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS - Establishing precedents for future U.S. intervention - Another Afghanistan war, another Iraqi war
  33. 33. richer, stronger NO UN, ONLY US! - Establishing precedents for bypassing U.N. - The U.S. did not ask the U.N. security council’s approval in implementing Bush doctrine and using preemptive strikes
  34. 34. 34 consequences BUSH DOCTRINE:
  35. 35. 35 failure AL-QUEDA DILEMMA - Osama Bin Laden escapes - Eventually captured and executed more than 10 years later - Terrorist groups still flourish
  36. 36. 36 TALIBAN AND AFGHANISTAN - The U.S. liberated Afghan from Taliban - The new government was corrupted - Drug lords, criminals everywhere - Reconstruction never happened, Taliban resurging failure
  37. 37. 37 PAKISTAN failure - $10 billion gov investment went elsewhere - Anti-Americanism due to drone attacks - Tribal areas in the hands of Pakistani version of Taliban
  38. 38. 38 - Iraqi and American war victims - No WMD, no reconstruction Resistance due to Anti-Americanism - Greater nuclear threat to the U.S. - IRAQ AND IRAN failure
  39. 39. 39 Bush doctrineMEDIA RESPONSE
  40. 40. “...overly aggressive stance Mr. Bush has outlined” “created a fortress America that inspires the enmity rather than the envy of the world" The New York Times
  41. 41. “...an unwillingness to be constrained by international organizations” “failed... primarily because of fuzzy thinking and poor execution…” The Washington Post
  42. 42. "poses a fundamental challenge to the world body... and may lead to a global freedom" Al Jazeera
  43. 43. Bush Doctrine OBAMA AND FUTURE
  44. 44. 44 ...does not require the U.S. to have clear evidence that a specific attack on the U.S. persons and interests will take place in the immediate future... “ ” A memo from Obama National Security Apparatus Bush Doctrine WILL IT CONTINUE?
  45. 45. aftermath JUSTIFICATION OF DRONES
  46. 46. MORE PREEMPTIVE STRIKES drone attacks