Have you ever seen anyone give a
presentation or had to give a presentation
yourself? When was it? Who was it to?
How long was the presentation? How did
Was powerpoint or an OHP used?
Were there any handouts?
Were questions taken from the floor?
Have you ever seen anyone have any
problems whilst giving a presentation?
WHICH ADVICE WOULD
YOU GIVE TO A
FRIEND WHO IS ABOUT
TO GIVE A
Plan your presentation along A-B-A
Pitch the level of your talk
Support ideas/themes - with
anecdotes, examples, statistics and
Delivery style - use humour
Make eye contact
Keep to time
Check technical equipment
Effective use of technical
Handle any questions using the
your audience understands your nervousness;
nervousness is usually invisible;
be yourself; relax, practice some deep breathing
begin in your comfort zone;
check out the room first
concentrate on the message
begin with a slow, well-prepared introduction; have a
confident and clear conclusion
be prepared and practice
FORMULATE A STRATEGY FOR
THE SPECIFIC AUDIENCE
1. WHO WILL I BE SPEAKING TO?
2. WHAT DO THEY KNOW ABOUT MY
3. WHAT WILL THEY WNAT TO KNOW
ABOUT MY TOPIC?
4. WHAT DO I WANT THEM TO KNOW BY
THE END OF MY TALK?
understand your purpose and role
tailor your message to the audience
be concrete, specific, practical, and relevant
clarify your objectives
clarify what role you will be performing
develop a logically compelling case for your plan
research your topic
Once you know what you want to say, you need
to consolidate the materials into a meaningful
The audience needs to have these basic
1)Why should I pay attention to you when I can
think about more interesting things?
2)Now that I am listening, why should I care about
3)I agree with the significance of the topic, but how
are you justifying your ideas?
4)So, now that I am convinced, what do you want
some points to think about when organizing your
begin by placing your topic in context
provide the intended, expected benefits, organization of
the presentation, and ground rules
organize the body of the presentation logically
discuss the pros and cons
conclude on a "high note“
incorporate visual aids effectively
prepare for contingencies - - practice your presentation
think about what might happen and prepare
Techniques to maintain attention:
convey "controlled enthusiasm" for your subject –
posture, tone; don't lean
your audience will mirror your attitude
don't confuse enthusiasm with loudness; try to convey a
range of emotions from concern, anticipation, excitement,
where appropriate, candidly discuss pros and cons;
explain advantages first; present risks or challenges
Guideline for Answering Questions
Anticipate Questions: think of the ten most likely questions
and plan out your answer
Understand the Question
Do Not Digress
Use the Last Question to Summarize