1-Know your  Audience
Who Will Be In My Audience? <ul><li>Age range </li></ul><ul><li>Male/female ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational and econo...
<ul><li>When  and  Where  will I  be speaking? </li></ul><ul><li>What  do they want to hear? </li></ul><ul><li>Why  are th...
Audiences listen to be <ul><li>Informed </li></ul><ul><li>Trained </li></ul><ul><li>Persuaded </li></ul><ul><li>Entertaine...
2-ORGANIZING YOUR SPEECH
Speech Outline <ul><li>The introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The body   A.  Main ideas or points   B.  Supporting material </...
Begin in the Middle <ul><li>List key points </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange them in order </li></ul><ul><li>Expand those points ...
Speech Organization Organization “ Tell them” Formula Develop Main Idea first Outline
Speech Organization INTRO Outline BODY END
Develop Main Idea First EXPAND ARRANGE LIST POINTS DEVELOP INTRO DEVELOP CLOSE MAIN IDEA
3-Selecting your topic
Personal Experiences <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Profession </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul>
Reference Materials <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul>
Consider the Situation <ul><li>What does your audience want to hear? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the occasion? </li></ul><ul...
4-Creating an Introduction
An Introduction <ul><li>Makes a transition </li></ul><ul><li>Sets the tone </li></ul><ul><li>Gives authority </li></ul>
Always include the <ul><li>Speaker’s name </li></ul><ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </l...
Never <ul><li>Upstage </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal contents </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Praise </li></ul><ul>...
5-Beginning your speech
Successful Speech Openings <ul><li>Get attention </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Establish rapport...
Some Opening Techniques <ul><li>State importance of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Startle the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Arouse ...
<ul><li>Ask a rhetorical question </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Reference the occasion </li><...
PPPPPP-    Preparation  and  Practice
Become familiar with <ul><li>Lectern and audience location </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone usage </li></ul><ul><li>Room condi...
Rehearsing Your Speech <ul><li>Practice ideas, not words </li></ul><ul><li>Say your speech to yourself </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Extra Considerations <ul><li>Have introductory material </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare yourself physically </li></ul><ul><li>Ha...
6-Concluding    your speech
Successful Speech Conclusions <ul><li>Achieve closure </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize main points </li></ul><ul><li>Make an im...
Some Closing Techniques <ul><li>Use a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul><ul><li>Call for action </li></ul...
Tips for Success <ul><li>Write out your closing, then memorize it </li></ul><ul><li>End on time </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t ad...
A-Impromptu speaking
When Giving an Impromptu Talk: <ul><li>Listen </li></ul><ul><li>Pause . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm </li></ul><ul><li>Te...
Strategies <ul><li>Express an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Address cause and effect </li></ul><ul><li>Break the topic into co...
Whatever You Do… <ul><li>Don’t apologize </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t ramble </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t invent </li></ul>
B-Take the terror  out of the talk
Stage fright is common to all speakers who are concerned about their performance. But it is valuable if used properly. The...
You Can Reduce Nervousness Through <ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Mental rehearsal </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation tech...
<ul><li>Breathing from the diaphragm reduces shortness of breath and supports your voice. </li></ul>
C-Using Body Language
Body language consists of <ul><li>Facial expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Whole body movement </li...
Your face communicates <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions </li></ul>
Good eye contact communicates <ul><li>Sincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Types of Gestures <ul><li>Conventional </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul>
Vary Your Position <ul><li>When making a point, walk closer  to the audience </li></ul><ul><li>When changing the topic, wa...
“ Stage Time”   No  Substitute  !!!!
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Workshop 1-2 hours

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Workshop 1-2 hours

  1. 1. 1-Know your Audience
  2. 2. Who Will Be In My Audience? <ul><li>Age range </li></ul><ul><li>Male/female ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational and economic status </li></ul><ul><li>Educational background </li></ul><ul><li>Political orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure activities </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>When and Where will I be speaking? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they want to hear? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they listening? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Audiences listen to be <ul><li>Informed </li></ul><ul><li>Trained </li></ul><ul><li>Persuaded </li></ul><ul><li>Entertained </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2-ORGANIZING YOUR SPEECH
  6. 6. Speech Outline <ul><li>The introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The body A. Main ideas or points B. Supporting material </li></ul><ul><li>The conclusion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Begin in the Middle <ul><li>List key points </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange them in order </li></ul><ul><li>Expand those points </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a close </li></ul>
  8. 8. Speech Organization Organization “ Tell them” Formula Develop Main Idea first Outline
  9. 9. Speech Organization INTRO Outline BODY END
  10. 10. Develop Main Idea First EXPAND ARRANGE LIST POINTS DEVELOP INTRO DEVELOP CLOSE MAIN IDEA
  11. 11. 3-Selecting your topic
  12. 12. Personal Experiences <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Profession </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reference Materials <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Consider the Situation <ul><li>What does your audience want to hear? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the occasion? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your own abilities? </li></ul>
  15. 15. 4-Creating an Introduction
  16. 16. An Introduction <ul><li>Makes a transition </li></ul><ul><li>Sets the tone </li></ul><ul><li>Gives authority </li></ul>
  17. 17. Always include the <ul><li>Speaker’s name </li></ul><ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery time </li></ul>
  18. 18. Never <ul><li>Upstage </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal contents </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Praise </li></ul><ul><li>Use clichés </li></ul><ul><li>Wait to name the speaker </li></ul>
  19. 19. 5-Beginning your speech
  20. 20. Successful Speech Openings <ul><li>Get attention </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Establish rapport </li></ul><ul><li>Take five to 10 percent of speech time </li></ul>
  21. 21. Some Opening Techniques <ul><li>State importance of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Startle the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Arouse suspense/curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Ask a rhetorical question </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Reference the occasion </li></ul>
  23. 23. PPPPPP- Preparation and Practice
  24. 24. Become familiar with <ul><li>Lectern and audience location </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone usage </li></ul><ul><li>Room conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Use of visual aids </li></ul>
  25. 25. Rehearsing Your Speech <ul><li>Practice ideas, not words </li></ul><ul><li>Say your speech to yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Finish each session </li></ul><ul><li>Add improvements gradually </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange for feedback </li></ul>
  26. 26. Extra Considerations <ul><li>Have introductory material </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare yourself physically </li></ul><ul><li>Have a mental rehearsal </li></ul>
  27. 27. 6-Concluding your speech
  28. 28. Successful Speech Conclusions <ul><li>Achieve closure </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize main points </li></ul><ul><li>Make an impact </li></ul><ul><li>Take five to 10 percent of speech time </li></ul>
  29. 29. Some Closing Techniques <ul><li>Use a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul><ul><li>Call for action </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a rhetorical question </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat main points </li></ul>
  30. 30. Tips for Success <ul><li>Write out your closing, then memorize it </li></ul><ul><li>End on time </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t add new points </li></ul>
  31. 31. A-Impromptu speaking
  32. 32. When Giving an Impromptu Talk: <ul><li>Listen </li></ul><ul><li>Pause . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm </li></ul><ul><li>Tell </li></ul><ul><li>End! </li></ul>
  33. 33. Strategies <ul><li>Express an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Address cause and effect </li></ul><ul><li>Break the topic into components </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the past, present and future </li></ul>
  34. 34. Whatever You Do… <ul><li>Don’t apologize </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t ramble </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t invent </li></ul>
  35. 35. B-Take the terror out of the talk
  36. 36. Stage fright is common to all speakers who are concerned about their performance. But it is valuable if used properly. The key is learning to control it.
  37. 37. You Can Reduce Nervousness Through <ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Mental rehearsal </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation techniques </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Breathing from the diaphragm reduces shortness of breath and supports your voice. </li></ul>
  39. 39. C-Using Body Language
  40. 40. Body language consists of <ul><li>Facial expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Whole body movement </li></ul>
  41. 41. Your face communicates <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions </li></ul>
  42. 42. Good eye contact communicates <ul><li>Sincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul>
  43. 43. Types of Gestures <ul><li>Conventional </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul>
  44. 44. Vary Your Position <ul><li>When making a point, walk closer to the audience </li></ul><ul><li>When changing the topic, walk to one side of the room </li></ul><ul><li>When asking a question, walk toward the audience </li></ul>
  45. 45. “ Stage Time” No Substitute !!!!

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