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  1. 1. September 1, 2011
  2. 2. History of the Film Industry <ul><li>The Technology of Motion Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>The Rise of the “Narrative Film” </li></ul><ul><li>The Creation of Movie Studios and Distribution Networks of the so-called “Studio System” era </li></ul><ul><li>Television and the Emergence of a New System </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Magic Lantern <ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci had the idea for a camera obscura </li></ul><ul><li>1655 Chistian Huyghens invented it </li></ul><ul><li>1666 Samuel Pepys saw one in London </li></ul>In the 19th century, magic lanterns were used as public entertainment in many countries, very much like today’s slide projectors .
  4. 4. Precursors of Motion Pictures <ul><li>1828 Phenakistoscope </li></ul><ul><li>1833 Zoetrope </li></ul><ul><li>1837 Daguerrotype (early photography) </li></ul><ul><li>1853 projected Phenakistoscope </li></ul><ul><li>1872 Eadward Muybridge </li></ul><ul><li>1881 Etienne Marey (photographic gun) </li></ul><ul><li>1891 Kinetoscope (William Kennedy Laurie Dickson) </li></ul>
  5. 5. W.L.K. Dickson <ul><li>This picture shows Dickson filming Pope Leo X. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison picked Dickson to work on the kinetoscope project. </li></ul>Thomas Alva Edison
  6. 6. The Kinetoscope <ul><li>The Kinetoscope was a motion picture viewing device. </li></ul><ul><li>The viewer inserted a coin and then watched a short film loop that lasted less than a minute. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Edison Makes Films <ul><li>The kinetoscope was an instant if short-lived success. </li></ul><ul><li>Edison quickly followed with a projection system. </li></ul><ul><li>He began to make films to supply demand. </li></ul>This was Edison’s first movie studio in West Orange, New Jersey. It was called the Black Maria.
  8. 9. The Lumieres Brothers <ul><li>Built a competing device called the cinematographe in 1894. </li></ul><ul><li>Created a series of films at their own studio. </li></ul><ul><li>Admission was one franc at the Paris viewing parlor. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Auguste Melies <ul><li>Melies was one of the individuals who made films for the Lumieres brothers. </li></ul><ul><li>His films were very popular in the US too. </li></ul><ul><li>He was famous for creating illusions with film. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Edison’s Patent Wars <ul><li>Edison claimed that all other film makers and exhibitors were infringing upon his patent rights. </li></ul><ul><li>He neglected to secure European patents. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually he settled the patent cases in order to pursue the profitable business. </li></ul><ul><li>The patent wars delayed the development of the movie business for a few years. </li></ul>