Lumiere Brothers

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Lumiere Brothers

  1. 1. LUMIERE BROTHERS
  2. 2. BACKGROUND INFORMATION  Their father (Antione Lumiere) was a painter who ran a photography firm.  They were born on 5 of October 1864 and 19th of October 1862.  Educated at La Martiniere which was Lyons largest technical school.  They had innovated the portable and much lighter cinematographe this has inspired by Thomas Edison
  3. 3. CATALOGUE La Sortie de usines Lumière (1894) La Voltige (1895) La Peche aux poissons rouges (1895) La Debarquement du congres de photographie a Lyons (1895) Les Forgerons (1895) L’ Arroseur arrose (1895) Repas de bebe (1895) Place des Cordeliers a Lyon (1895) La Mer (1895)
  4. 4. OVERVIEW OF THEIR WORK  They tended to do moving images of scenes of everyday life  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d_9N68MO9gM  Peoples reaction to the clip they thought it was so scary that men screamed and women fainted  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TV9T-tFPHVI
  5. 5. TIMELINE 1824: Peter Roget presented his paper 'The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects' to the British Royal Society. 1831: Dr. Joseph Antoine Plateau (a Belgian scientist) and Dr. Simon Rittrer constructed a machine called a phenakitstoscope. This machine produced an illusion of movement by allowing a viewer to gaze at a rotating disk containing small windows; behind the windows was another disk containing a sequence of images. When the disks were rotated at the correct speed, the synchronization of the windows with the images created an animated effect. 1872: Eadweard Muybridge started his photographic gathering of animals in motion. 1887: Thomas Edison started his research work into motion pictures. 1889: Thomas Edison announced his creation of the kinetoscope which projected a 50ft length of film in approximately 13 seconds. 1889: George Eastman began the manufacture of photographic film strips using a nitro-cellulose base. 1892: Emile Renynaud, combining his earlier invention of the praxinoscope with a projector, opens the Theatre Optique in the Musee Grevin. It displays an animation of images painted on long strips of celluloid. 1895: Louis and Augustine Lumiere issued a patent for a device called a cinematograph capable of projecting moving pictures. 1896: Thomas Armat designed the vitascope which projected the films of Thomas Edison. This machine had a major influence on all sub-sequent projectors. 1906: J. Stuart Blackton made the first animated film which he called "Humorous phases of funny faces." His method was to draw comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase one face to draw another, and then film the newly drawn face. The Ôstop-motionÕ provided a starting effect as the facial expressions changed be fore the viewerÕs eyes. 1908: In France Emile Cohl produced a film, Phantasmagorie which was the first depicting white figures on a black background. 1910: Emile Cohl makes En Route the first paper cutout animation. This technique saves time by not having to redraw each new cell, only reposition the paper.
  6. 6. QUOTES `The cinema is an invention without a future’ `The Lumiere family had a love for magic’ `He’s really doing it, it’s not a trick’ `He’s perhaps a worlds first actor’ `My grandfather past away before he could actually live in his castle. He never slept in it…’
  7. 7. IMPACT ON THE FUTURE The Lumiere brothers had changed the future of film. They are often called ‘the fathers of film making’. They have used the ideas of film to express stories with simple films which were less than a minute long.
  8. 8. REFERENCES  The telegraph- news paper article  http://www.nndb.com/people/388/000212749/  http://www.earlycinema.com/pioneers/lumiere_bio.html  http://www.joshuamosley.com/UPenn/courses/Ani/AnimationHisto ry.html  Times of India- news paper article  https://film110.pbworks.com/w/page/12610310/The%20Lumi%C3 %A8re%20Brothers

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