Innovations and Regions


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Eduprof Expertmeeting 14-15 April 2011 Groningen.

Workshop Demographic Change

Presentatioin on Innovations and Regions by Ari Tarkiainen, North Karelia University of Applied Sciences, Finland

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Innovations and Regions

  1. 1. Innovations and regions<br />Ari Tarkiainen, PhD<br />North Karelia University of Applied Sciences<br />Groningen 15 May 2011<br />
  2. 2. AIMS<br />Innovationpolicy in Finland: someconceptualclarifications<br />Demographicchange in Finland- somefigures and facts<br />RDI- policies in NKUAS: practicebased and usercenteredinnovationparadigm<br />suggestions for researchcooperation: goodpractices, policyinstruments, innovations<br />
  4. 4. INNOVATION POLICY IN FINLAND<br />Encouraging innovation environment <br />Finland has proven an excellent location for testing out new products and services. <br />Businesses benefit from the country's advanced 'Living Lab' environment where users, companies, researchers and public institutions are joining forces to form problem-solving communities. <br />Characteristics of the innovation environment <br />Innovation policy has developed consistently<br />Growing investments in R&D - public and private <br />Dynamic and transparentecosystem<br />Active, continuous and successful dialogue on all levels <br />Involves companies, research institutes and the public sector <br />Broad interpretation of innovation <br />Technology - society <br />Products - services - processes <br />Environment - user - design <br />
  5. 5. Concept definitions<br />National innovation system<br />National innovation system is “the system of interacting private and public firms (either large or small), universities, and government agencies aiming at the production of science and technology within national borders. Interaction among these units may be technical, commercial, legal, social, and financial, inasmuch as the goal of the interaction is the development, protection, financing, regulation of new science and technology” (Niosiet al., 1993: 212).<br />Regional innovation system <br />The regional innovation system is “a system of innovative networks and institutions located within a certain geographical area, with regular and strong internal interaction that promotes the innovativeness of the region´s companies.” (Kostiainen, 2002: 80.)<br />Social capital<br />Social capital “refers to features of social organisation, such as trust, norms and networks, that can improve the efficiency of society by facilitating co-ordinated actions” (Putnam, 1993: 167).<br />
  6. 6. Concept definitions<br />RDI<br />Research, development and innovation<br />Regional innovation<br />The hallmarks of a competitive regional innovation environment are viable cooperation between businesses, universities, research institutions and science parks, and regenerative capacity. The altered nature of innovation and the changes that have taken place in the conditions for competition have boosted the importance of regional innovation environments and regional innovation in innovation policy. <br />Social innovation<br />Social innovation refers to new strategies, concepts, ideas and organizations that meet social needs of all kinds - from working conditions and education to community development and health - and that extend and strengthen civil society.<br />User-driven innovation policy<br />User-driven innovation policy promotes systematic engagement of users in the innovation process. Tools that enable user-driven innovation include development platforms for user-driven innovation tools for strategic design and service design, web-based tools for the analysis of information masses, ethnography and other methods of analysis and foresight into customer needs.<br />
  7. 7. Origins of innovation?<br /><ul><li>Science-based
  8. 8. Science, technology, innovation (STI)
  9. 9. Practice-based
  10. 10. Doing, using, interacting (DUI) </li></ul>Vesa Harmaakorpi<br />
  11. 11. Finnish policy framework<br /><ul><li>Cluster-based economic development policy
  12. 12. Science-based innovation policy
  13. 13. But, only 4 % of innovation is triggered by science (CIS)
  14. 14. And, only 1 % of scientific knowledge production in Finland, what next?
  15. 15. User-driven innovation?
  16. 16. System innovation?
  17. 17. Open innovation?
  18. 18. Practice-based innovation?
  19. 19. Platform-based economic development policy? </li></ul>Vesa Harmaakorpi<br />
  20. 20. Wellbeing of citizens<br />Economic growth<br />Competitiveness<br />Productivity<br />Innovativeness <br />Changing techno-economic<br />Paradigm<br />Global megatrends<br />Innovation policy tool<br />Regional platform<br />Regionalinnovationsystem<br />Dynamiccapabilities<br /><ul><li>Vision
  21. 21. Leadership
  22. 22. Networking
  23. 23. Innovativeness</li></ul>Resource configurations<br /><ul><li>Social capital
  24. 24. Developmentplatforms</li></ul>Pathdependency<br />Harmaakorpi 2004<br />
  25. 25. SHOK vs. IHAK <br /><ul><li>IHAK Regionalinnovationenvironments
  26. 26. Regionlevel
  27. 27. Relatedvariety – Innovationplatforms
  28. 28. Incrementalinnovation
  29. 29. User- and practice-basedinnovation
  30. 30. Brokerage – General ability to buildpossibleworlds
  31. 31. Development of the working life
  32. 32. Scanning of technology and marketsignals and absorption to the firms
  33. 33. Heterogenousknowledgeproduction
  34. 34. SME’s
  35. 35. Universities of appliedsciences
  36. 36. SHOK Strategic centers for scence, technology and innovation
  37. 37. Nation level
  38. 38. Agglomerations - Clusters
  39. 39. Radicalinnovation
  40. 40. Expertise- and science-basedinnovation
  41. 41. World class science institutions
  42. 42. Homogenousknowledgeproduction in the chosenfield
  43. 43. Transfer of the developedknowledge and technology to the firms of the cluster
  44. 44. Big firms
  45. 45. Universities</li></ul>Vesa Harmaakorpi<br />
  46. 46. Resources, comptences and capabilities to be promoted by IHAK-program<br />Dynamic Capability: Especially leadership, networking, learning, visionary nad innovative capablities and their simutaneous management in the development process – managing complexity.<br />Core capability: Combining knowledge and skills – general ability to build possible words.<br />Core competence: Brokerage - ability to span structural holes<br />Intangibleresource: Creative social capital – amalgam of bonding social capital, bridging social capital and creative tension<br />Resources: The product factors in regional development platforms fueld by related variety<br />VesaHarmaakorpi<br />
  47. 47.
  49. 49. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGEmedian age in 2007<br />
  50. 50. 15<br />Lowest:<br />Ranua<br />Taivalkoski<br />Kuusamo<br />Oulunsalo<br />Yli-Ii<br />Kempele<br />Posio<br />Raahe<br />Utsjoki<br />23<br />23<br />24<br />24<br />24<br />25<br />25<br />25<br />25<br />Highest:<br />Kökar<br />Iniö<br />Velkua<br />Föglö<br />Kumlinge<br />Brändö<br />Houskari<br />Sottunga<br />51<br />50<br />50<br />49<br />49<br />48<br />48<br />48<br />Median age in 1975 Finland<br /><ul><li>Municipalities</li></ul>Whole country 30 years<br />(111)<br />(158)<br />(92)<br />(44)<br />(8)<br />(3)<br />23 - 29 <br />30 - 34<br />35 - 39<br />40 - 44<br />45 - 49<br />50 - 51<br />26.9.2007/RK Lähde: Tilastokeskus, asukasluvut Pohjakartta© Affecto Finland Oy, Karttakeskus, Lupa L7017/07<br />16/05/2011<br />15<br />
  51. 51. 16<br />Lowest:<br />Liminka<br />Tyrnävä<br />Luoto<br />Lumijoki<br />Perho<br />Sievi<br />27<br />29<br />31<br />33<br />34<br />34<br />Median age in 2025 <br /><ul><li>Municipalities</li></ul>Highest:<br />Luhanka<br />Savonranta<br />Puumala<br />Tervo<br />Kuhmoinen<br />64<br />6463<br />63<br />62<br />Whole country 44 years<br />(2)<br />(4)<br />(22)<br />(86)<br />(118)<br />(90)<br />(94)<br />27 - 29 <br />30 - 34<br />35 - 39<br />40 - 44<br />45 - 49<br />50 - 54<br />55 - 64<br />15.8.2007/RK Lähde: Tilastokeskus, asukasluvut Pohjakartta© Affecto Finland Oy, Karttakeskus, Lupa L7017/07<br />16/05/2011<br />16<br />
  52. 52. Population of East-Finland(1815-1944, 1945-1974, 1975-2008)<br />
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Age and Gender Structure in 2008<br />
  55. 55. Age and Gender Structure in 2030According to Population Projection by Statistics Finland 2009<br />
  56. 56.
  58. 58. SERVICE CAMPUS: NEW CONCEPT FOR ORGANIZING <br />SOCIAL AND HEALTH CARE<br />ACTORS<br />Livingenvironment<br />N<br />Logistics<br />W<br />Service campus – welfare mix<br />CUSTOMER/CITIZEN<br />New technology<br />Internaldynamicskka<br />Otherservices<br />Externaldynamics<br />S<br />E<br />
  59. 59. Living and housing<br />What is home?<br />Safety and universal design ?<br />Communityplanning and architecture ?<br />Building and renovation ?<br />Livingin-between? For whom? <br />New concepts for communityhousing (Netherlands, Denmark<br />
  60. 60. New technology<br />Mobile ICT- new modes of organizingwork ?<br />Work and service design?<br />Follow-up and quality?<br />Logistics and efficiency?<br />Virtualservices and interfaces?<br />
  61. 61. Services in future<br />Skilled labour force: supply and demand<br />Rightplace, righttime, rightfocus<br />Fundingchallenge of social and healthsector<br />the role of publicsector; efficiency, productivity<br />Recenttrends: welfare mix – social and healthsector as a market<br />Internaldynamics social and healthcare<br />
  62. 62. Services: public-privatepartnerships – <br />purchader/provider-model<br />Interfaces in servicecampuses and actorplatforms<br />Privatecompanies-market<br />Interface 1<br />Public sector-hierarchy<br />Interface 2<br />NGOs and citizens – 3rd sector<br />
  64. 64. Service campus platform<br />prevention<br />Expertise<br />Self-care<br />Education<br />Basic <br />Further<br />Research<br />Practicaltraining<br />Theses<br />Researchinterventions<br />I´nnovation<br />Region<br />Working life<br />Social and health<br />services<br />Community<br />Light home care<br />Heavy home care<br />In-betweensolutions<br />lnstitution<br />Institutionalcare<br />Ageknowledge and knowhow<br />
  65. 65. Somesuggestions for cooperation<br />
  66. 66. Somesuggestions for cooperation<br />Active ageing 2012: healthyageing<br />Goodpracticesand exchange<br />Goodpolicymodels: regionalapproach<br />Intervention studieslinked with innovations: dilemma of implementationand imagination<br />EU- programmes ?<br />Multi-dimensional, multi-disciplinary<br />
  67. 67. THANK YOU!<br />