Fossil fuels

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Fossil fuels

  1. 1. By; Hira Khan<br />Per.5<br />Fossil Fuels<br />
  2. 2. Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural resources such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms.<br />Fossil fuels are of great importance because they can be burned, producing significant amounts of energy <br />(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossil_fuel)<br />What are fossil fuels?<br />
  3. 3. Coal<br />Oil<br />Natural Gas<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=coal_home-basics)<br />Different Types of Fossil Fuels<br />
  4. 4. Hard<br />Black<br />Rock-like<br />Most abundant fossil fuel produced in the United States<br />A nonrenewable energy source because it takes millions of years to create.<br />Energy in coal comes from the energy stored by plants that lived hundreds of millions of years ago<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=coal_home-basics)<br />Coal Facts<br />
  5. 5. Formed more than 300 million years ago.<br />Scientists say that tiny diatoms (diatoms- sea creatures the size of a pin head and can convert sunlight directly into stored energy) are the source of oil.<br />Oil has been used for more than 5,000-6,000 years.<br />Is produced in;Russia, Saudi Arabia, United States, Iran, and China<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=oil_home-basics)<br />(http://web.me.com/davgen1/ILS_12-22/Fossil_Fuels.html)<br />Oil Facts<br />
  6. 6. Is lighter than air<br />First discoveries of natural gas seeps were made in Iran.<br />Mostly made up of a gas called methane.(methane-simple chemical compound that is made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms.)<br />Usually found near petroleum underground.<br />Pumped from below ground and travels in pipelines to storage areas.<br />No odor<br />Can’t see it<br />(http://web.me.com/davgen1/ILS_12-22/Fossil_Fuels.html)<br />Natural Gas Facts<br />
  7. 7. Formedwhen peat is altered physically and chemically.<br />Formedfrom the remains of vegetation that grew as long as 400 million years ago.<br />Process is called "coalification." <br />(http://www.ket.org/trips/coal/agsmm/agsmmhow.html)<br />How Coal is Formed<br />
  8. 8. Main types of coal - anthracite, bituminous and lignite. <br />Anthracite-hardest, more carbon, higher energy content<br />Bituminous-In between<br />Lignite-softest, low in carbon, high in oxygen content and hydrogen<br />Peat-precursor (a substance from which another substance is formed) to coal <br />(http://web.me.com/davgen1/ILS_12-22/Fossil_Fuels.html)<br />Different Stages of Coal Formation<br />
  9. 9. Almost 93% of the coal used in the United States is used for generating electricity.<br />Separated ingredients of coal (such as methanol and ethylene) are used in making; Tar, Fertilizers, Plastic, Medicins, Coke, Steel<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=coal_home-basics)<br />How Coal is used as a Fossil Fuel<br />
  10. 10. Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants (diatoms) that lived millions of years ago in a marine (water) environment before the dinosaurs.<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=oil_home-basics)<br />(http://web.me.com/davgen1/ILS_12-22/Fossil_Fuels.html)<br />How Oil is Formed <br />
  11. 11. Used for petroleum products and motor gasoline<br />A few products made from petroleum: Ink, crayons, Dishwashing liduids, Deodornt,Eyeglasses, CDs and DVDs, Tires, Ammonia<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=oil_home-basics)<br />How Oil is Used as a Fossil Fuel<br />
  12. 12. Methane, a gas or compound that has one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms.<br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=natural_gas_home-basics)<br />How Natural Gas is Formed<br />
  13. 13. Produce; Steel, Glass, Paper, Clothing, Brick, Electricity <br />Some products that use natural gas as a raw material are: Paints, Fertilizer, Plastics, Antifreeze, Dyes, Photographic film, Medicines, and Explosives. <br />(http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=natural_gas_home-basics)<br />How Natural Gases are Used as Fossil Fuels<br />
  14. 14. A refineryis a factory that takes a raw material (crude oil) and transforms it into petrol and hundreds of other useful products.<br />It is important because many products like gasoline wouldn’t be made without refineries.<br />(http://www.moorlandschool.co.uk/earth/oilrefinery.htm)<br />Refineries and Why They are Important to the Production of Fossil Fuels<br />
  15. 15. unprecedented underwater leak spreads oil across the northern Gulf of Mexico between the mouth of the Mississippi River and Florida.<br />Coast Guard says remote underwater cameras detect the well is leaking 1,000 barrels of crude oil per day .<br />The Interior Department orders safety inspections of all 30 deepwater drilling rigs and 47 deepwater production platforms.<br />The Coast Guard says the leak will affect the Gulf shore.<br />U.S. officials close areas affected by the spill to fishing for an initial period of 10 day .<br />Exxon Valdez Oil <br />
  16. 16. Deep Water Horizon oil rig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico<br />There is some progress cleaning it up <br />Last update showed that it was getting closer to the coast of Louisiana.<br />reached more than the half the size of the Valdez disaster.<br />more than 1 million gallons of water has been cleaned from oil and 367881 feet of oil booms have been deployed.<br />BP has been trying all sorts of engineering efforts to stop the leak, which includes the four story high containment dome which was to be placed over the leakage.<br />Deep Water Horizon<br />
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