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Systematic Desensitization


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A slideshow for our Group Presentation for General Psychology

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Systematic Desensitization

  1. 1. Systematic Desensitization A Behavioral Therapy (used in this case to combat a phobia of blood draws)
  2. 2. Systematic Desensitization uses Classical Conditioning to encourage healthy behaviors.
  3. 3. A Behavioral Therapy <ul><li>Behavioral Therapy concentrates on correcting maladaptive (or undesirable) behaviors, and fostering adaptive (or desirable) behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Therapy is less concerned with what the patient is feeling , and more concerned with what the patient is doing . </li></ul>
  4. 4. There are 3 parts to Systematic Desensitization <ul><li>Teach the subject to relax </li></ul><ul><li>Create a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking situations from least feared to most feared </li></ul><ul><li>Combine the relaxation techniques with the hierarchal list, beginning with the least feared to the most </li></ul>
  5. 5. Relaxation Techniques <ul><li>Meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Counting Backwards </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing Success </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1. The subject watches a movie where the actor gets a shot.
  7. 7. 2. The subject’s friend talks about getting a flu shot.
  8. 8. 3. The subject makes a doctor’s appointment.
  9. 9. 4. The subject drives to the Medical Center.
  10. 10. 5. The subject parks their car in the parking lot.
  11. 11. 6. The subject thinks about getting a shot while in the waiting room.
  12. 12. 7. A woman comes out of the doctor’s office rubbing her arm.
  13. 13. 8. The subject sees the nurse with a syringe.
  14. 14. 9. The subject enters the examination room.
  15. 15. 10. The doctor comes, asks about the subject’s symptoms.
  16. 16. 11. The doctor says, “You need an injection.”
  17. 17. 12. The nurse comes with injection materials.
  18. 18. 13. The nurse fills the syringe.
  19. 19. 14. There is a smell of alcohol being applied to the cotton.
  20. 20. 15. A hypodermic needle is poised in the doctor’s hand.
  21. 21. 16. The subject receives a shot in the arm.
  22. 22. 17. The subject has a large blood sample taken.
  23. 23. The Final Step <ul><li>The subject creates a state of relaxation as taught by the therapist. </li></ul><ul><li>The therapist and the subject talk through the hierarchy of the frightening situation, stopping if the state of relaxation is broken, and resuming when the relaxation is again reached. </li></ul><ul><li>The subject then is able to approach the real-life situation with success. </li></ul>