Classical conditioning

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it is an assignment in which me and my group members tried to explain this topic in pictorial form. i hope it will be helpful to you :)

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Classical conditioning

  1. 1. Classical Conditioning
  2. 2. I’ll be telling you… <ul><li>What is Learning? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the elements of Classical Conditioning? </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlov’s Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Little Albert Experiment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Books ! Knowledge! Learning!
  4. 4. <ul><li>Namaz </li></ul><ul><li>Quran </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul>
  5. 5. According to Psychologists “ Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience.”
  6. 6. BEHAVIORISM INTERACTION LEARNING!!
  7. 7. Stimulus.. Response..
  8. 8. Definition A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response.
  9. 9. Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response Neutral Stimulus Conditioned Stimulus Conditioned Response
  10. 10. Sound of Microphone (CS) Sound of Azaan (UCS)
  11. 11. Unconditioned Response Conditioned Response
  12. 12. Pavlov’s Experiment
  13. 13. Little Albert Experiment
  14. 14. I’ll be telling you about… <ul><li>Theories of Classical Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of Classical Conditioning </li></ul>
  15. 15. Theories of Classical Conditioning <ul><li>Stimulus-Response Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus-Stimulus Theory </li></ul>
  16. 16. Stimulus-Response Theory
  17. 17. Stimulus-Stimulus Theory
  18. 18. Principles of Classical Conditioning <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Extinction </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus Generalization </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Order Conditioning </li></ul>
  19. 19. Acquisition
  20. 20. Extinction
  21. 21. Spontaneous Recovery
  22. 22. Stimulus Generalization
  23. 23. Stimulus Discrimination
  24. 24. Higher Order Conditioning
  25. 26. I’ll be telling you about… <ul><li>Types of Classical Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>The Influence of Intensity </li></ul>
  26. 27. Types of Classical Conditioning <ul><li>Forward Conditioning (Delay+Trace) </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneous Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Backward Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Unpaired Conditioning </li></ul>
  27. 28. Delay Conditioning First we see light then sound
  28. 29. Trace conditioning First we hear sound of a car and after that we hear that someone is knocking at the door.
  29. 30. Simultaneous conditioning Mobile vibrates and rings at the same time.
  30. 31. Backward conditioning After seeing a horror movie If you hear a similar sound You will feel scared again automatically.
  31. 32. Temporal conditioning You might feel hungry at 8’o clock if you are habitual of taking food at that specific time.
  32. 33. Unpaired conditioning A mother rushes at the door every time she hears the horn of Bus expecting that her child is coming at home .
  33. 34. The Influence of intensity <ul><li>CS Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>UCS Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>The Salience of the US </li></ul><ul><li>UCS Alone Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>CS Alone Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>The Redundancy of UCS </li></ul>
  34. 35. CS intensity loud sound of the bell might cause more salivation in dogs
  35. 36. UCS Intensity More appetizing Less appetizing
  36. 37. The Salience of the CS If we hear a loud horn we immediately associate it with a bus but if it turns out to be that a motorbike has such a strong horn then your response would be mistaken.
  37. 38. UCS-Alone Presentations if you can’t smell the food because of flu you will not develop classically conditioned response to smell.
  38. 39. CS-Alone Presentations If you just keep ringing the bell and do not provide the dog any food he will not develop the salivating response to the ringing of the bell.
  39. 40. The Redundancy of the CS
  40. 41. Applications of Classical Conditioning in Real Life
  41. 42. I’ll be telling you about… <ul><li>Conditioned Hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Use of CC in Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting for Taste </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to Love </li></ul><ul><li>Conditioned Fears </li></ul><ul><li>The Power of Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Therapies </li></ul>
  42. 43. Hunger Initiation LATERAL HYPOTHALAMS (HUNGER)
  43. 44. Use of CC in Advertisements
  44. 45. Experiment With Slugs SLUGS STARTED DISLIKING POTATOES TOO BITTER- TASTE CHEMICAL
  45. 46. Conditioned Hunger “ YUMMY ” “ YUCKY ”
  46. 47. Application of CC Elements in our Life
  47. 48. UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE CONDITIONED STIMULUS
  48. 49. CONDITIONED STIMULUS “ UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE”
  49. 50. <ul><li>LEARNING TO LOVE (CONDITIONED LOVE) </li></ul>UCR (Smiling) CS (Child’s favorite)
  50. 51. CONDITIONED DRUGS FEEL OF ALERTNESS MEDECINES FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES FOR DRUG ADDICTED (A TENSION RELIEVERS)
  51. 52. Behavioral Therapies “ SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION” OR “FLOODED THERAPY” TO CURB “ PHOBIAS”

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