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Lymphatic And Immune System Terms


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Lymphatic And Immune System Terms

  2. 2. Lymphatic and immune system terms<br /><ul><li>Phagocytosis
  3. 3. Sarcoidosis
  4. 4. Hodgkin’s disease</li></li></ul><li>phagocytosis<br />The engulfing and ingestion of bacteria or other foreign bodies by phagocytes.<br />Phagocytosis begins with the neutrophil or macrophage flowing around the pathogen and engulfing it so that it winds up enclosed in a phagosome (<br />
  5. 5. sarcoidosis<br />Sarcoidosis is a disease that results from a specific type of inflammation of tissues of the body. <br />It can appear in almost any body organ, but it starts most often in the lungs or lymph nodes.<br />
  6. 6. Causes of sarcoidosis<br />The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown. The disease can appear suddenly and disappear. <br />It can develop gradually and go on to produce symptoms that come and go, sometimes for a lifetime.<br />
  7. 7. What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?<br />Shortness of breath (dyspnea)and a cough . Sarcoidosis can also show up suddenly with the appearance of skin rashes. <br />Red bumps (erythemanodosum) on the face, arms, or shins and inflammation of the eyes are also common symptoms.<br />
  8. 8. How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?<br />Preliminary diagnosis of sarcoidosis is based on the patient's medical history, routine tests, a physical examination, and a chest x- ray.<br />
  9. 9. Hodgkin’s disease<br />Hodgkin's disease is one of a group of cancers called lymphomas<br />Hodgkin's disease, an uncommon lymphoma, accounts for less than 1 percent of all cases of cancer in this country. <br />
  10. 10. Symptoms of Hodgkin's disease<br />A painless swelling in the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, or groin <br />Unexplained recurrent fevers <br />Night sweats <br />Unexplained weight loss <br />Itchy skin<br />
  11. 11. Diagnosis and staging of Hodgkin's disease<br />X-rays: High-energy radiation used to take pictures of areas inside the body, such as the chest, bones, liver, and spleen. <br />CT (or CAT) scan: A series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body. The pictures are created by a computer linked to an x-ray machine. <br />MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): Detailed pictures of areas inside the body produced with a powerful magnet linked to a computer<br />
  12. 12. Treatment for Hodgkin's disease<br />Hodgkin's disease is often treated by a team of specialists that may include a medical oncologist, oncology nurse, and/or radiation oncologist. Hodgkin's disease is usually treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy<br />
  13. 13. THE END<br />