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Drug Description[1]


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Drug Description[1]

  1. 1. DRUG DESCRIPTION<br />BY <br />JelilatRasheed<br />
  2. 2. DESCRIPTION<br />Flonase makes breathing easier by treating inflamed tissue and relieving swelling in the nose. <br />Flonaseis used for the short-term treatment of seasonal allergies, including seasonal allergic rhinitis or hayfever as it is more commonly known. Flonase is a convenient and effective daily hayfever treatment. It provides relief from symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, irritated eyes, running and itchy nose. Flonase contains 50 micrograms of the steroid Fluticasone Propionate per spray. Flonase works best when used on a daily basis, even if your hayfever symptoms are reduced. It may take about 4 days until you experience the full benefits of this medication. Flonase is available in a bottle that contains 120 metered sprays. <br />
  3. 3. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE<br /> Carefully read the enclosed leaflet before using. Gently shake the bottle before each use. Remove the large green dust cap from the applicator nozzle. Hold the nasal spray straight upright. The first time the nasal spray is used it will need to be 'primed'. Hold the bottle with your forefinger and the middle finger on the collar either side of the nozzle, with your thumb underneath the bottle. To prime the pump for use, point the nozzle away from you and, keeping your thumb still, firmly press down on the white collar. Keep pumping several times until a fine mist-like spray is released through the applicator nozzle. The nasal spray is now primed and ready for use. It will not be necessary to reprime the nasal spray unless it is disassembled or used infrequently.<br /> Once the nasal spray is ready for use, gently blow you nose to help clear the nostrils. Tilt your head slightly forward, close one nostril and carefully insert the nasal applicator into the other nostril. Breathe slowly inwards through the nostril. Hold the bottle upright and press down firmly on the white collar once to deliver the required dosage of spray while you are still breathing in. You now breathe out through you mouth. Now repeat the procedure for the other nostril. After use, wipe the nozzle with a clean tissue and replace the dust cap once you are finished. Store Flonase below 25 degrees Celsius but do not refrigerate. Protect from direct sunlight and store in an upright position. Discard 3 months after first use. <br />
  4. 4. WARNINGS & CAUTIONS<br /><ul><li>Only use Flonase in the nose. Avoid the eyes
  5. 5. If symptoms persist, consult you doctor. Do not use Flonase for more than 6 months without medical supervision.
  6. 6. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you have an infection in the nasal passages or sinuses
  7. 7. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Flonase if you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or are breast-feeding
  8. 8. Consult your doctor if you have recently had an injury to, or surgery on, your nose, or problems with ulceration the nose
  9. 9. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have been treated with steroid injections or tablets, use steroid asthma or nasal inhalers, or eye/nose drops
  10. 10. Consult your doctor if you experience eye problems that are not part of your normal hayfever symptoms such as acute eye pain or visual disturbance
  11. 11. Consult your doctor if you develop signs or symptoms of infection such as</li></li></ul><li>DOSAGE<br /><ul><li>Adults and children over 12 years of age pump two sprays into each nostril once a day, preferably in the morning. It may take a few days of regular use before you experience the maximum benefit of Flonase.
  12. 12. If you miss a dose do not take a double dose at one time. If you are close to taking your dose then forget the one that you missed and keep to your schedule. Otherwise, just use the product when you remember. Do not exceed the maximum dosage of 2 sprays per nostril per day.
  13. 13. Flonase should not be used by children under 12 years of age unless advised by your doctor or pharmacist. </li></li></ul><li>SIDE EFFECTS<br />Infections<br />menstrual changes<br />Nasal problem<br />Pain<br />Sexual dysfunction<br />Skin changes<br />
  14. 14. WHAT IS CIPRO<br /><ul><li>Cipro is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones. It fights bacteria in the body. It works by stopping the production of essential proteins needed by the bacteria to survive.
  15. 15. Cipro is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. It may also be used to prevent or slow anthrax after exposure.
  16. 16. Cipro may also be used for other purposes not listed here.</li></li></ul><li>IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT CIPRO<br />You should not use Cipro if you are taking tizanidine (Zanaflex), or if you are allergic to ciprofloxacin or similar antibiotics such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), and others. Do not take Cipro with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or with calcium-fortified juice. You may eat or drink dairy products or calcium-fortified juice with a regular meal, but do not use them alone when taking Cipro. They could make the medication less effective.<br />
  17. 17. BEFORE TAKING CIPRO<br /><ul><li>You should not use Cipro if you are also taking tizanidine (Zanaflex), or if you are allergic to ciprofloxacin or similar medications such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), and others.
  18. 18. Before taking Cipro, tell your doctor if you have a heart rhythm disorder, especially if you are being treated with one of these medications: quinidine (Cardioquin, Quinidex, Quinaglute), disopyramide (Norpace), bretylium (Bretylol), procainamide (Pronestyl, Procan SR), amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), or sotalol (Betapace).</li></li></ul><li>BE AWARE<br /><ul><li>If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take Cipro:
  19. 19. a history of allergic reaction to an antibiotic;
  20. 20. joint problems;
  21. 21. myasthenia gravis;
  22. 22. kidney or liver disease;
  23. 23. epilepsy or seizures;
  24. 24. diabetes;
  25. 25. low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia); or
  26. 26. a personal or family history of "Long QT syndrome."</li></li></ul><li>WHAT SHOULD AVOID WHILE TAKING CIPRO<br /><ul><li>You may be taking certain other medicines that should not be taken at the same time as Cipro. Avoid taking the following medicines within 6 hours before or 2 hours after you take Cipro. These other medicines can make ciprofloxacin much less effective when taken at the same time:
  27. 27. antacids that contain calcium, magnesium or aluminum (such as Tums, Mylanta, or Rolaids);
  28. 28. the ulcer medicinesucralfate (Carafate);
  29. 29. didanosine (Videx) powder or chewable tablets; or
  30. 30. vitamin or mineral supplements that contain calcium, iron, or zinc.
  31. 31. Avoid caffeine while you are taking Cipro, because the medication can make the effects of caffeine stronger.</li></li></ul><li>CONTINUATION<br /><ul><li>Avoid exposure to sunlight, sunlamps, or tanning beds. Cipro can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight, and a sunburn may result. Wear protective clothing and use a sunscreen (SPF-15 or higher) if you must be out in the sun. Call your doctor if you have severe burning, redness, itching, rash, or swelling after being in the sun.
  32. 32. Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection.
  33. 33. Cipro can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.</li></li></ul><li>CIPRO SIDE EFFECTS<br /><ul><li>dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeat;
  34. 34. sudden pain or swelling near your joints (especially in your arm or ankle);
  35. 35. diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
  36. 36. confusion, hallucinations, depression, unusual thoughts or behavior;
  37. 37. seizure (convulsions);
  38. 38. pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, weakness;
  39. 39. urinating less than usual or not at all;
  40. 40. easy bruising or bleeding;
  41. 41. numbness, tingling, or unusual pain anywhere in your body;
  42. 42. fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash; or
  43. 43. the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild.</li></li></ul><li>Robitussin<br />Controls and relieves a frequent cough plus thins and loosens mucus to relieve chest congestion<br /> Gives twice the strength against mucus in a non-drowsy formula ideal for colds that include cough and chest congestion<br />
  44. 44. What happens if a dose is missed?<br />Since cough or cold medicine is usually taken only as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. <br />If you are taking the medication regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. <br />If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose<br />
  45. 45. What happens if overdosed?<br />Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.<br />Overdose symptoms may include feeling restless or nervous<br />
  46. 46. Robitussin side effect<br />severe dizziness, anxiety, restless feeling, or nervousness;<br />confusion, hallucinations; or<br />slow, shallow breathing<br />dizziness;<br />headache;<br />skin rash or itching; or<br />nausea, vomiting, or stomach upset<br />
  47. 47. THE END<br />