TISSUES <ul><li>Tissues are groups of cells similar in structure and function </li></ul>Epithelial Connective   Muscle   N...
EPITHELIAL TISSUES <ul><li>Epithelial tissues are classified as either simple  or stratified </li></ul><ul><li>The shape o...
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIA <ul><li>Composed of a single layer of flattened cells </li></ul><ul><li>Used for diffusion and f...
SIMPLE CUBOIDAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Made up of a single layer of cube-like cells with a large, spherical central nuclei </li...
SIMPLE COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Made of a single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet cells are...
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIA <ul><li>Thick membrane composed of several layers of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Forms external ...
STRATIFIED CUBOIDAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Usually found in the mammary glands and som...
STRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Limited distribution in the body </li></ul>Simple Squamous   Simple Columnar   Simpl...
PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Single layer of cells with different heights; some don't reach the surface </l...
TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Basal cells are cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Surface of the cells are dome shaped </li></ul>S...
CONNECTIVE TISSUES <ul><li>Found throughout the body </li></ul><ul><li>Functions include binding and support, protection, ...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER <ul><li>Consists of two subclasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense <...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE <ul><li>Gel-like matrix with all three connective tissue fibers </li></ul>Connective Proper...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE AREOLAR <ul><li>Loose arrangement of fibers </li></ul><ul><li>4 main functions </li></ul><u...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE ADIPOSE <ul><li>Similar to areolar in structure and function </li></ul><ul><li>Adipose can ...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE RETICULAR <ul><li>Only the fibers in the matrix are actually reticular fibers </li></ul><ul...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE <ul><li>Contains dense regular, dense irregular, and elastic tissues </li></ul>Connective P...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE REGULAR <ul><li>Made up of parallel collagen fibers with few elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE IRREGULAR <ul><li>Irregularly arranged collagen fibers w/ some elastic fibers </li></ul><ul...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE <ul><li>Has qualities in between dense connective tissue and bone </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks nerv...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE HYALINE <ul><li>Amorphous film matrix w/ an imperceptible network of collagen fibers </li></ul...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE ELASTIC <ul><li>Similar to hyaline, but contains more elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Maintai...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE FIBROCARTILAGE <ul><li>Similar to hyaline cartilage, but less firm, with thick collagen fibers...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE BONE <ul><li>Hard, calcified matrix w/ collagen fibers found in the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Supports, pro...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE BLOOD <ul><li>Contained within the blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Red and white cells in a fluid matrix...
NERVOUS TISSUE <ul><li>Main component of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of neurons </li></ul>Epithelia   Con...
MUSCLE TISSUE <ul><li>Highly cellular, well vascularized tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most types of body move...
MUSCLE TISSUE SKELETAL <ul><li>Packaged by connective tissue sheets into organs called skeletal muscles </li></ul><ul><ul>...
MUSCLE TISSUE CARDIAC <ul><li>Found only in the wall of the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Help propel blood through the blood ve...
MUSCLE TISSUE SMOOTH <ul><li>No visible situations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle shaped  </li></ul><ul><li>Contain one central...
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Tissues Proj

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Tissues Proj

  1. 1. TISSUES <ul><li>Tissues are groups of cells similar in structure and function </li></ul>Epithelial Connective Muscle Nerve Erin Ruthe G4
  2. 2. EPITHELIAL TISSUES <ul><li>Epithelial tissues are classified as either simple or stratified </li></ul><ul><li>The shape of epithelial cells are squamous, cuboidal, and columnar </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional
  3. 3. SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIA <ul><li>Composed of a single layer of flattened cells </li></ul><ul><li>Used for diffusion and filtration </li></ul>Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional Epithelial
  4. 4. SIMPLE CUBOIDAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Made up of a single layer of cube-like cells with a large, spherical central nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Function is secretion and absorption </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Squamous Stratified Squamous Stratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional
  5. 5. SIMPLE COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Made of a single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet cells are often found in this layer </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional
  6. 6. STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIA <ul><li>Thick membrane composed of several layers of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Forms external part of skin's epidermis and linings of the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Esophagus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vagina </li></ul></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Simple Columnar Stratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional Epithelia
  7. 7. STRATIFIED CUBOIDAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Usually found in the mammary glands and some sweat glands </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Simple Cuboidal Simple Squamous Stratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Pseodostratified Columnar Tranditional Epithelia
  8. 8. STRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Limited distribution in the body </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Simple Cuboidal Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Transitional Epithelia
  9. 9. PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIA <ul><li>Single layer of cells with different heights; some don't reach the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclei are seen at different levels </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Simple Cuboidal Stratified Squamous Stratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Transitional Epithelia
  10. 10. TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIA <ul><li>Basal cells are cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Surface of the cells are dome shaped </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Simple Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelia
  11. 11. CONNECTIVE TISSUES <ul><li>Found throughout the body </li></ul><ul><li>Functions include binding and support, protection, insulation, and transportation </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  12. 12. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER <ul><li>Consists of two subclasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense </li></ul></ul>Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  13. 13. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE <ul><li>Gel-like matrix with all three connective tissue fibers </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  14. 14. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE AREOLAR <ul><li>Loose arrangement of fibers </li></ul><ul><li>4 main functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binds and supports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holds body fluids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defends against infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stores nutrients as fat </li></ul></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  15. 15. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE ADIPOSE <ul><li>Similar to areolar in structure and function </li></ul><ul><li>Adipose can store large amounts of nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Cells are packed tightly together </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  16. 16. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER LOOSE RETICULAR <ul><li>Only the fibers in the matrix are actually reticular fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These fibers form a delicate network which reticular cells lie scattered along </li></ul></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  17. 17. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE <ul><li>Contains dense regular, dense irregular, and elastic tissues </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  18. 18. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE REGULAR <ul><li>Made up of parallel collagen fibers with few elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Major cell type is fibroblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Forms tendons and aponeuroses </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  19. 19. CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER DENSE IRREGULAR <ul><li>Irregularly arranged collagen fibers w/ some elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Major cell type is fibroblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Can withstand tension in multiple directions providing structural strength </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  20. 20. CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE <ul><li>Has qualities in between dense connective tissue and bone </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks nerve fibers </li></ul><ul><li>avascular </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  21. 21. CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE HYALINE <ul><li>Amorphous film matrix w/ an imperceptible network of collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Supports, reinforces, cushions, and resists compression </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  22. 22. CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE ELASTIC <ul><li>Similar to hyaline, but contains more elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains its shape and structure while allowing flexibility </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  23. 23. CONNECTIVE TISSUE CARTILAGE FIBROCARTILAGE <ul><li>Similar to hyaline cartilage, but less firm, with thick collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a tense strength and absorbs compression shock </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  24. 24. CONNECTIVE TISSUE BONE <ul><li>Hard, calcified matrix w/ collagen fibers found in the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Supports, protects, and provides levers for muscular action </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective Blood Connective
  25. 25. CONNECTIVE TISSUE BLOOD <ul><li>Contained within the blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Red and white cells in a fluid matrix </li></ul>Connective Proper Connective Proper Loose Connective Proper Loose Areolar Connective Proper Loose Adipose Connective Proper Loose Reticular Connective Proper Dense Connective Proper Dense Regular Connective Proper Dense Irregular Connective Cartilage Connective Hyaline Connective Elastic Connective Fibrocartilage Connective Bone Connective
  26. 26. NERVOUS TISSUE <ul><li>Main component of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of neurons </li></ul>Epithelia Connective Muscle
  27. 27. MUSCLE TISSUE <ul><li>Highly cellular, well vascularized tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most types of body movement </li></ul>Muscle Skeletal Muscle Cardiac Muscle Smooth
  28. 28. MUSCLE TISSUE SKELETAL <ul><li>Packaged by connective tissue sheets into organs called skeletal muscles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form the flesh of the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause body movements </li></ul></ul>Muscle Cardiac Muscle Smooth Muscle
  29. 29. MUSCLE TISSUE CARDIAC <ul><li>Found only in the wall of the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Help propel blood through the blood vessels to all parts of the body </li></ul><ul><li>banded </li></ul>Muscle Skeletal Muscle Smooth Muscle
  30. 30. MUSCLE TISSUE SMOOTH <ul><li>No visible situations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Contain one centrally located nucleus </li></ul>Muscle Skeletal Muscle Cardiac Muscle

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