SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 35
Download to read offline
DISCIPLINES OF ANATOMY
 Macroscopic
 Microscopic
 Developmental
 Neuroanatomy
MedicosNotes.com
DEFINITION: Anatomy is the science of structure
and function of the body
anatome = ana (up) + tome (cutting)
BASIC ANATOMY : is the study of the minimal amount of anatomy
consistent with the understanding of the overall structure and function of
the body
CLINICAL ANATOMY : is the study of the macroscopic structure and
function of the body as it relates to the practice of medicine and other
health sciences
MedicosNotes.com
APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF
GROSS ANATOMY
 Regional anatomy
 Systemic anatomy
MedicosNotes.com
ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODY
 Cells are the smallest living unit of body
 A tissue is a grouping of like cells working
together.
 An organ is a structure composed of several
different tissues performing a particular function.
 Systems are groups of organs which together
perform an overall function.
MedicosNotes.com
HUMAN ANATOMICAL TERMS
Make up a distinct nomenclature to describe:
 Areas of the body
 To provide orientation when describing parts
of human anatomy
 To distinguish different movements of the body.
MedicosNotes.com
ANATOMICAL POSITION
 Body erect
 Head, eyes, toes directed
forward
 Limbs at sides of body
 Palms directed forward
MedicosNotes.com
ANATOMICAL POSITION
 When the body is lying face down in the anatomical
position, this is called the prone position.
 When the body is lying face up, this is called
the supine position.
MedicosNotes.com
 Median Sagittal/Median plane
 Para Median /Sagittal
 Frontal (coronal)
 Horizontal (transverse)
MedicosNotes.com
MEDIAN PLANE
 Vertical plane,
passing through the
center of body,
dividing it into two
equal halves right
and left
MedicosNotes.com
PARAMEDIAN PLANE
 Vertical, parallel to
median plane
MedicosNotes.com
 Vertical,
perpendicular
to median
plane
 separates the
body into
Anterior and
Posterior parts
MedicosNotes.com
 Parallel to floor,
perpendicular to
median & coronal
plane
 Separates the body
into Superior and
Inferior parts
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
ANATOMICAL TERMS RELATED TO POSITION
 VENTRAL/ANTERIOR(palmar)………DORSAL/POSTERIOR
 CEPHALIC/SUPERIOR…….CAUDAL/INFERIOR(planter)
UPPER LOWER
 MIDDLE/MEDIUS/INTERMEDIATE
 SUPERFICIAL……. DEEP
 PROXIMAL……DISTAL
 IPSILATERAL…… CONTRA LATERAL
 EXTERNAL……. INTERNAL
 MEDIAL (ulnar/tibial)………LATERAL(radial/fibular)
MedicosNotes.com
 Anterior (ventral)
closer to the anterior
surface of the body
 Posterior (dorsal)
closer to the posterior
surface of the body
 reference point --
frontal or coronal plane
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
 Superior (closer to
the head)
 Inferior (closer to
the feet)
 reference point --
horizontal plane
MedicosNotes.com
Reference point is
surface of body
MedicosNotes.com
 Proximal closer to
root of limbs
 Distal further away
from the root of
limbs
 Reference point --
the origin of a
structure
MedicosNotes.com
refers to a hollow
structure
(external being
outside and
internal being
inside)
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
Movements of trunk in sagittal plane:
 FLEXION (bending anteriorly)……EXTENSION
(straightening posteriorly)
 PLANTER FLEXION ------- DORSIFLEXION
Movements of trunk in coronal plane:
 ADDUCTION (Towards the median plane)…..ABDUCTION
 LATERAL FLEXION
Movements of a part of body around its long axis:
 MEDIAL ROTATION (Anterior surface of part facing
medially)……LATERAL ROTATION
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
 PRONATION (medial rotation of forearm)……SUPINATION
 CIRCUMDUCTION (Flexion/extention/abduction/ adduction)
 INVERSION (Sole faces medially) ……. EVERSION
 PROTRACTION (To move forward)…..RETRACTION
 PROTRUSION…….RETRACTION
 DEPRESSION……..ELEVATION
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
MedicosNotes.com
The terms "posterior", "ipsilateral", and
"supine" mean:
1. Superior, same side, and lying face down
2. Dorsal, opposite side, and lying on back
3. Ventral, same side and lying face down
4. Dorsal, same side, and lying on back
5. Distal, opposite side, and lying face down
MedicosNotes.com
The anatomical plane that divides the body
into equal right and left halves is the:
1. Horizontal.
2. Median.
3. Transverse.
4. Sagittal.
5. Coronal.
MedicosNotes.com
The word caudal is a directional term that
indicates "________".
A. Towards the head end of the body
B. Away from the head
C. Towards the midline of the body
D. Away from the midline of the body
MedicosNotes.com
The hand is located at the ________ end of
the forearm.
A. proximal
B. medial
C. Interior
D. distal
MedicosNotes.com
Coronal plane runs ________, dividing the body
or any of its parts into anterior and posterior
portions.
A. crosswise
B. from front to back
C. from side to side
D. through midline
MedicosNotes.com

More Related Content

What's hot

Anatomical terminology
Anatomical terminologyAnatomical terminology
Anatomical terminologyMaman Aris
 
Introduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human AnatomyIntroduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human AnatomyPave Medicine
 
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...Dr Shahid Alam
 
Introduction to anatomy bmc
Introduction to anatomy   bmcIntroduction to anatomy   bmc
Introduction to anatomy bmcMohamed El Fiky
 
Introduction to General Anatomy I
Introduction to General Anatomy IIntroduction to General Anatomy I
Introduction to General Anatomy IPaolo Zabat
 
Anatomical position.ppt (1)
Anatomical position.ppt (1)Anatomical position.ppt (1)
Anatomical position.ppt (1)abha chaorsiya
 
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements briannawodehouse
 
General anatomy
General anatomyGeneral anatomy
General anatomyKemUnited
 
Introduction to anatomy
Introduction to anatomyIntroduction to anatomy
Introduction to anatomyLawrence James
 
1 anatomical positions
1 anatomical positions1 anatomical positions
1 anatomical positionsmarkhinder7
 
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human body
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human bodyIntroduction to Anatomy and Organization of human body
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human bodyZENITH PARMAR
 
1 introduction to anatomy
1 introduction to anatomy1 introduction to anatomy
1 introduction to anatomyisakwisa willey
 
Anatomical Terminology - Anatomy
Anatomical Terminology - AnatomyAnatomical Terminology - Anatomy
Anatomical Terminology - AnatomyCU Dentistry 2019
 
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomy
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomyAnatomy lab. 1 general anatomy
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomyLama K Banna
 

What's hot (20)

Anatomical terminology
Anatomical terminologyAnatomical terminology
Anatomical terminology
 
Introduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human AnatomyIntroduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human Anatomy
 
Unit i introduction to anatomical terms
Unit i introduction to anatomical termsUnit i introduction to anatomical terms
Unit i introduction to anatomical terms
 
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...
Introduction to Anatomy, Branches of Anatomy, Origin of Anatomy, BD Churasia ...
 
Introduction to anatomy bmc
Introduction to anatomy   bmcIntroduction to anatomy   bmc
Introduction to anatomy bmc
 
Introduction to General Anatomy I
Introduction to General Anatomy IIntroduction to General Anatomy I
Introduction to General Anatomy I
 
Anatomy 1st lecture
Anatomy   1st lecture Anatomy   1st lecture
Anatomy 1st lecture
 
Anatomical position.ppt (1)
Anatomical position.ppt (1)Anatomical position.ppt (1)
Anatomical position.ppt (1)
 
Introduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human AnatomyIntroduction to Human Anatomy
Introduction to Human Anatomy
 
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
 
General anatomy
General anatomyGeneral anatomy
General anatomy
 
Introduction to anatomy
Introduction to anatomyIntroduction to anatomy
Introduction to anatomy
 
1 anatomical positions
1 anatomical positions1 anatomical positions
1 anatomical positions
 
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human body
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human bodyIntroduction to Anatomy and Organization of human body
Introduction to Anatomy and Organization of human body
 
1 introduction to anatomy
1 introduction to anatomy1 introduction to anatomy
1 introduction to anatomy
 
Cartilage
CartilageCartilage
Cartilage
 
Introduction to Anatomy
Introduction to AnatomyIntroduction to Anatomy
Introduction to Anatomy
 
Anatomical Terminology - Anatomy
Anatomical Terminology - AnatomyAnatomical Terminology - Anatomy
Anatomical Terminology - Anatomy
 
Anatomical position
Anatomical positionAnatomical position
Anatomical position
 
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomy
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomyAnatomy lab. 1 general anatomy
Anatomy lab. 1 general anatomy
 

Viewers also liked

Palmar arterial arches
Palmar  arterial archesPalmar  arterial arches
Palmar arterial archesMohana Sekar
 
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast
Lymphatic Drainage Of BreastLymphatic Drainage Of Breast
Lymphatic Drainage Of BreastAayush Rai
 
Upper limb
Upper limb Upper limb
Upper limb Chy Yong
 
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its Applied
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its AppliedLymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its Applied
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its AppliedAayush Rai
 
Humerus and Shoulder Joint
Humerus and Shoulder JointHumerus and Shoulder Joint
Humerus and Shoulder JointSado Anatomist
 
The Anatomy of Breast
The Anatomy of BreastThe Anatomy of Breast
The Anatomy of BreastGaraka Rabel
 
Hand anatomy new
Hand anatomy newHand anatomy new
Hand anatomy newQazi Manaan
 
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)rupesh giri
 
Anatomy of the breast
Anatomy of the breastAnatomy of the breast
Anatomy of the breastYapa
 
Anatomy of brachial plexus
Anatomy of brachial plexusAnatomy of brachial plexus
Anatomy of brachial plexusananya nanda
 
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerve
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerveAnatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerve
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerveAnkur Mittal
 

Viewers also liked (14)

General anatomy 17 01-2011
General anatomy  17 01-2011General anatomy  17 01-2011
General anatomy 17 01-2011
 
Palmar arterial arches
Palmar  arterial archesPalmar  arterial arches
Palmar arterial arches
 
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast
Lymphatic Drainage Of BreastLymphatic Drainage Of Breast
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast
 
Upper limb
Upper limb Upper limb
Upper limb
 
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its Applied
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its AppliedLymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its Applied
Lymphatic Drainage Of Breast and Its Applied
 
Slideshow: Scapula
Slideshow: ScapulaSlideshow: Scapula
Slideshow: Scapula
 
Humerus and Shoulder Joint
Humerus and Shoulder JointHumerus and Shoulder Joint
Humerus and Shoulder Joint
 
The Anatomy of Breast
The Anatomy of BreastThe Anatomy of Breast
The Anatomy of Breast
 
Hand anatomy new
Hand anatomy newHand anatomy new
Hand anatomy new
 
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)
B d chaurasia's handbook of general anatomy (4th ed)
 
Anatomy bones of upper limbs
Anatomy bones of upper limbsAnatomy bones of upper limbs
Anatomy bones of upper limbs
 
Anatomy of the breast
Anatomy of the breastAnatomy of the breast
Anatomy of the breast
 
Anatomy of brachial plexus
Anatomy of brachial plexusAnatomy of brachial plexus
Anatomy of brachial plexus
 
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerve
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerveAnatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerve
Anatomy of radial,median &ulnar nerve
 

Similar to Anatomical terms medicosnotes.com

Anatomicalterms.pdf
Anatomicalterms.pdfAnatomicalterms.pdf
Anatomicalterms.pdfAgriTamilan
 
Anatomical terms
Anatomical termsAnatomical terms
Anatomical termskh Ripon
 
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. Sami
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. SamiIntroduction to Anatomy by Dr. Sami
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. SamiDr Adnan Sami
 
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxAnatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxPinki Rai
 
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxAnatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxPinki Rai
 
1.ANAT introduction
1.ANAT introduction1.ANAT introduction
1.ANAT introductionKiran Jose
 
1. Introduction and general orientation to Human Anatomy.pptx
1. Introduction and general orientation to  Human Anatomy.pptx1. Introduction and general orientation to  Human Anatomy.pptx
1. Introduction and general orientation to Human Anatomy.pptxBerhanu Kindu
 
1st definition and position .pptx
1st definition and position .pptx1st definition and position .pptx
1st definition and position .pptxChangezKhan33
 
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...Fati Naqvi
 
1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physicology
1. Introduction to  Anatomy and Physicology1. Introduction to  Anatomy and Physicology
1. Introduction to Anatomy and PhysicologySUNY Ulster
 
Blessing institutes ana and physio
Blessing institutes ana and physioBlessing institutes ana and physio
Blessing institutes ana and physioAliRehmanMari
 
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdf
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdfINTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdf
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdfissabbafoussam
 
Lect 1 intro to anp
Lect 1   intro to anpLect 1   intro to anp
Lect 1 intro to anpmissazyaziz
 
01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009
01 A First Look At Anatomy 200901 A First Look At Anatomy 2009
01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009Kevin Young
 
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdf
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdfLEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdf
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdfMUHAMMADUSMANAMANAT
 
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptx
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptxScope of Anatomy and physiology.pptx
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptxShivam Diwaker
 

Similar to Anatomical terms medicosnotes.com (20)

Anatomicalterms.pdf
Anatomicalterms.pdfAnatomicalterms.pdf
Anatomicalterms.pdf
 
Anatomical terms
Anatomical termsAnatomical terms
Anatomical terms
 
Human anatomy
Human anatomyHuman anatomy
Human anatomy
 
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. Sami
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. SamiIntroduction to Anatomy by Dr. Sami
Introduction to Anatomy by Dr. Sami
 
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxAnatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
 
introduction to human anatomy
 introduction to human anatomy  introduction to human anatomy
introduction to human anatomy
 
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptxAnatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
Anatomical Terms AN1.1.pptx
 
anatomy introduction.pptx
anatomy introduction.pptxanatomy introduction.pptx
anatomy introduction.pptx
 
1.ANAT introduction
1.ANAT introduction1.ANAT introduction
1.ANAT introduction
 
1. Introduction and general orientation to Human Anatomy.pptx
1. Introduction and general orientation to  Human Anatomy.pptx1. Introduction and general orientation to  Human Anatomy.pptx
1. Introduction and general orientation to Human Anatomy.pptx
 
1st definition and position .pptx
1st definition and position .pptx1st definition and position .pptx
1st definition and position .pptx
 
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...
11.20 (dr. nand lal) terminologies anatomical positions anatomical planes ter...
 
1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physicology
1. Introduction to  Anatomy and Physicology1. Introduction to  Anatomy and Physicology
1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physicology
 
Blessing institutes ana and physio
Blessing institutes ana and physioBlessing institutes ana and physio
Blessing institutes ana and physio
 
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdf
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdfINTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdf
INTRODUCTION TO BASICS OF HUMAN ANATOMY.pdf
 
Lect 1 intro to anp
Lect 1   intro to anpLect 1   intro to anp
Lect 1 intro to anp
 
01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009
01 A First Look At Anatomy 200901 A First Look At Anatomy 2009
01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009
 
Intro to a p ts 2013 stds
Intro  to a  p ts 2013 stdsIntro  to a  p ts 2013 stds
Intro to a p ts 2013 stds
 
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdf
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdfLEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdf
LEC # 01 Introduction to Anatomy, Terminology.pdf
 
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptx
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptxScope of Anatomy and physiology.pptx
Scope of Anatomy and physiology.pptx
 

More from MedicosNotes

Acute chest pain medicos notes-com
Acute chest pain medicos notes-comAcute chest pain medicos notes-com
Acute chest pain medicos notes-comMedicosNotes
 
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comApproach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comMedicosNotes
 
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comApproach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comMedicosNotes
 
Muscle medicos notes.com
Muscle medicos notes.comMuscle medicos notes.com
Muscle medicos notes.comMedicosNotes
 
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students )
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students ) Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students )
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students ) MedicosNotes
 
Skin and fascial medicos notes.com
Skin and fascial medicos notes.comSkin and fascial medicos notes.com
Skin and fascial medicos notes.comMedicosNotes
 
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa and arm medicos notes.com
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa  and arm medicos notes.comAnterior compartment of cubital fossa  and arm medicos notes.com
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa and arm medicos notes.comMedicosNotes
 
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.com
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.comMammary gland @ MedicosNotes.com
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.comMedicosNotes
 

More from MedicosNotes (8)

Acute chest pain medicos notes-com
Acute chest pain medicos notes-comAcute chest pain medicos notes-com
Acute chest pain medicos notes-com
 
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comApproach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
 
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-comApproach to heart failure medicos notes-com
Approach to heart failure medicos notes-com
 
Muscle medicos notes.com
Muscle medicos notes.comMuscle medicos notes.com
Muscle medicos notes.com
 
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students )
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students ) Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students )
Synovial joint medicos notes.com ( Form MBBS students )
 
Skin and fascial medicos notes.com
Skin and fascial medicos notes.comSkin and fascial medicos notes.com
Skin and fascial medicos notes.com
 
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa and arm medicos notes.com
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa  and arm medicos notes.comAnterior compartment of cubital fossa  and arm medicos notes.com
Anterior compartment of cubital fossa and arm medicos notes.com
 
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.com
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.comMammary gland @ MedicosNotes.com
Mammary gland @ MedicosNotes.com
 

Recently uploaded

Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptApiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptkedirjemalharun
 
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicine
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicinemedico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicine
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicinethanaram patel
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfMedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfSasikiranMarri
 
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technology
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technologyMonoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technology
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technologyHasnat Tariq
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!ibtesaam huma
 
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMA
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMAANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMA
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMADivya Kanojiya
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxDr Bilal Natiq
 
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by  DR KANHU CHARAN PATROApril 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by  DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by DR KANHU CHARAN PATROKanhu Charan
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPrerana Jadhav
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiGoogle
 
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies Disease
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies DiseaseClinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies Disease
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies DiseaseSreenivasa Reddy Thalla
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..AneriPatwari
 
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptx
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptxTans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptx
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptxKezaiah S
 
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxMeasurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptApiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
 
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicine
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicinemedico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicine
medico legal aspects of wound - forensic medicine
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
 
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfMedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
 
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technology
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technologyMonoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technology
Monoclonal antibody production by hybridoma technology
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMA
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMAANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMA
ANTI-DIABETICS DRUGS - PTEROCARPUS AND GYMNEMA
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
 
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by  DR KANHU CHARAN PATROApril 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by  DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
April 2024 ONCOLOGY CARTOON by DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
 
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies Disease
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies DiseaseClinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies Disease
Clinical Pharmacotherapy of Scabies Disease
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
 
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptx
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptxTans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptx
Tans femoral Amputee : Prosthetics Knee Joints.pptx
 
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxMeasurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
 

Anatomical terms medicosnotes.com

  • 1. DISCIPLINES OF ANATOMY  Macroscopic  Microscopic  Developmental  Neuroanatomy MedicosNotes.com
  • 2. DEFINITION: Anatomy is the science of structure and function of the body anatome = ana (up) + tome (cutting) BASIC ANATOMY : is the study of the minimal amount of anatomy consistent with the understanding of the overall structure and function of the body CLINICAL ANATOMY : is the study of the macroscopic structure and function of the body as it relates to the practice of medicine and other health sciences MedicosNotes.com
  • 3. APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF GROSS ANATOMY  Regional anatomy  Systemic anatomy MedicosNotes.com
  • 4. ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODY  Cells are the smallest living unit of body  A tissue is a grouping of like cells working together.  An organ is a structure composed of several different tissues performing a particular function.  Systems are groups of organs which together perform an overall function. MedicosNotes.com
  • 5. HUMAN ANATOMICAL TERMS Make up a distinct nomenclature to describe:  Areas of the body  To provide orientation when describing parts of human anatomy  To distinguish different movements of the body. MedicosNotes.com
  • 6. ANATOMICAL POSITION  Body erect  Head, eyes, toes directed forward  Limbs at sides of body  Palms directed forward MedicosNotes.com
  • 7. ANATOMICAL POSITION  When the body is lying face down in the anatomical position, this is called the prone position.  When the body is lying face up, this is called the supine position. MedicosNotes.com
  • 8.  Median Sagittal/Median plane  Para Median /Sagittal  Frontal (coronal)  Horizontal (transverse) MedicosNotes.com
  • 9. MEDIAN PLANE  Vertical plane, passing through the center of body, dividing it into two equal halves right and left MedicosNotes.com
  • 10. PARAMEDIAN PLANE  Vertical, parallel to median plane MedicosNotes.com
  • 11.  Vertical, perpendicular to median plane  separates the body into Anterior and Posterior parts MedicosNotes.com
  • 12.  Parallel to floor, perpendicular to median & coronal plane  Separates the body into Superior and Inferior parts MedicosNotes.com
  • 14. ANATOMICAL TERMS RELATED TO POSITION  VENTRAL/ANTERIOR(palmar)………DORSAL/POSTERIOR  CEPHALIC/SUPERIOR…….CAUDAL/INFERIOR(planter) UPPER LOWER  MIDDLE/MEDIUS/INTERMEDIATE  SUPERFICIAL……. DEEP  PROXIMAL……DISTAL  IPSILATERAL…… CONTRA LATERAL  EXTERNAL……. INTERNAL  MEDIAL (ulnar/tibial)………LATERAL(radial/fibular) MedicosNotes.com
  • 15.  Anterior (ventral) closer to the anterior surface of the body  Posterior (dorsal) closer to the posterior surface of the body  reference point -- frontal or coronal plane MedicosNotes.com
  • 17.  Superior (closer to the head)  Inferior (closer to the feet)  reference point -- horizontal plane MedicosNotes.com
  • 18. Reference point is surface of body MedicosNotes.com
  • 19.  Proximal closer to root of limbs  Distal further away from the root of limbs  Reference point -- the origin of a structure MedicosNotes.com
  • 20. refers to a hollow structure (external being outside and internal being inside) MedicosNotes.com
  • 22. Movements of trunk in sagittal plane:  FLEXION (bending anteriorly)……EXTENSION (straightening posteriorly)  PLANTER FLEXION ------- DORSIFLEXION Movements of trunk in coronal plane:  ADDUCTION (Towards the median plane)…..ABDUCTION  LATERAL FLEXION Movements of a part of body around its long axis:  MEDIAL ROTATION (Anterior surface of part facing medially)……LATERAL ROTATION MedicosNotes.com
  • 27.  PRONATION (medial rotation of forearm)……SUPINATION  CIRCUMDUCTION (Flexion/extention/abduction/ adduction)  INVERSION (Sole faces medially) ……. EVERSION  PROTRACTION (To move forward)…..RETRACTION  PROTRUSION…….RETRACTION  DEPRESSION……..ELEVATION MedicosNotes.com
  • 31. The terms "posterior", "ipsilateral", and "supine" mean: 1. Superior, same side, and lying face down 2. Dorsal, opposite side, and lying on back 3. Ventral, same side and lying face down 4. Dorsal, same side, and lying on back 5. Distal, opposite side, and lying face down MedicosNotes.com
  • 32. The anatomical plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves is the: 1. Horizontal. 2. Median. 3. Transverse. 4. Sagittal. 5. Coronal. MedicosNotes.com
  • 33. The word caudal is a directional term that indicates "________". A. Towards the head end of the body B. Away from the head C. Towards the midline of the body D. Away from the midline of the body MedicosNotes.com
  • 34. The hand is located at the ________ end of the forearm. A. proximal B. medial C. Interior D. distal MedicosNotes.com
  • 35. Coronal plane runs ________, dividing the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. A. crosswise B. from front to back C. from side to side D. through midline MedicosNotes.com