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08/20/15
1
Annual Employee Training:Annual Employee Training:
Asthma, Epilepsy, Diabetes andAsthma, Epilepsy, Diabetes and...
Special Health Needs StudentsSpecial Health Needs Students
At the beginning of this school year, your school
nurse will be...
08/20/15
3
PurposePurpose
 To comply with D.O.E. health services policy and
procedural requirement 6A:16-2.1
 To assist ...
08/20/15
4
AgendaAgenda
“Dealing With Asthma, Diabetes, and
Epilepsy in Schools”
“Anaphylaxis When Seconds Count…”
Demonst...
08/20/15
5
ASTHMAASTHMA
 Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It causes
repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessn...
08/20/15
6
ASTHMA continued…
 Students may carry and self-medicate with their personally prescribed
emergency inhaler (ak...
08/20/15
7
Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)
 Epilepsy is a neurological condition that from time to...
08/20/15
8
First Aid for SeizuresFirst Aid for Seizures
 Observe the type and time of the seizure. Position the
student o...
08/20/15
9
DiabetesDiabetes
 Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and
young adults, and was previously known ...
08/20/15
10
SeizuresSuddencrying
Unconsciousness/comaInability toswallow
Dazed appearanceExtremetiredness/fatigue
Restless...
08/20/15
11
What to do if your student shows symptoms ofWhat to do if your student shows symptoms of
hypoglycemia (low blo...
 If student is unconscious or having a seizure 911
needs to be called immediately. The school nurse
or delegate will admi...
08/20/15
13
Life-Threatening Allergic ReactionsLife-Threatening Allergic Reactions
 A person can have a severe allergic r...
08/20/15
14
Treatment for life threatening allergy…Treatment for life threatening allergy…
ANAPHYLAXIS!ANAPHYLAXIS!
 DO N...
08/20/15
15
Where to Get More InformationWhere to Get More Information
Epilepsy Foundation
http://www.epilepsyfoundation.o...
Thank you!Thank you!
Please see your school nurse if you have ANY questions or concerns.
It is important that you be aware...
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Asthma, epilepsy, diabetes and life threatening allergic reactions

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Submitted by Cathy Tortella and Susan Pipczynski

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Asthma, epilepsy, diabetes and life threatening allergic reactions

  1. 1. 08/20/15 1 Annual Employee Training:Annual Employee Training: Asthma, Epilepsy, Diabetes andAsthma, Epilepsy, Diabetes and Life-Threatening AllergicLife-Threatening Allergic Reactions Requiring EmergencyReactions Requiring Emergency Auto-injector EpinephrineAuto-injector Epinephrine Greenwich Township School District Cathy A. Tortella, RN, BA, CSN Susan G. Pipczynski, RN, BSN, CSN
  2. 2. Special Health Needs StudentsSpecial Health Needs Students At the beginning of this school year, your school nurse will be available to conference with you re: your students who have medical concerns. Many times those concerns are brought to light only upon review of the Annual Health Update Form completed by the parent/guardian that is sent home each September. Upon parent/guardian permission, those health concerns will be shared with the appropriate school staff. 08/20/15 2
  3. 3. 08/20/15 3 PurposePurpose  To comply with D.O.E. health services policy and procedural requirement 6A:16-2.1  To assist staff in the recognizing of medical emergencies as it relates to asthma, diabetes seizure disorder, and anaphylaxis.  To obtain rapid medical response to the student who has a medical emergency.  To remind staff of the location of: AED (Automated External Defibrillator)- lobby Epinephrine (Adult Dose) location: see indiv. students’ EHP (emergency health plan)
  4. 4. 08/20/15 4 AgendaAgenda “Dealing With Asthma, Diabetes, and Epilepsy in Schools” “Anaphylaxis When Seconds Count…” Demonstration of the emergency epinephrine auto injector will be reviewed and are available for practice at the nurse’s office for all delegates.
  5. 5. 08/20/15 5 ASTHMAASTHMA  Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and nighttime or early morning coughing.  Asthma accounts for a high degree of absenteeism from school.  Asthma can be triggered by allergens and irritants. Controlling exposure to these triggers can reduce asthma episodes. Respiratory allergens and irritants include animals with fur or feathers, mold, dust mites (for example, in carpets and upholstery), cockroaches, and strong odors or fumes from such products as pesticides, paint, perfumes, and cleaning chemicals.
  6. 6. 08/20/15 6 ASTHMA continued…  Students may carry and self-medicate with their personally prescribed emergency inhaler (aka “puffer”). These medications are usually Albuterol, Ventolin, and Proventil. A list of students with asthma will be available to you at the beginning and throughout this school year .  Two puffs from an inhaler in four hours is a normal dose…if you see a student using their inhaler more frequently, please report it to the school nurse.  If you see a student using 1-2 puffs from their inhalers prior to exercise it is not necessary for them to report to the school nurse. This is part of their individualized treatment plan to prevent an asthma episode. Most students report to the Health Office prior to physical activity to use their inhaler. Every student going on a school field trip MUST have their inhaler available. ONLY a nurse, parent/guardian or a student with self- administration permission may administer the inhaler during a school field trip. This may also be true for school sponsored activities after school.
  7. 7. 08/20/15 7 Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)  Epilepsy is a neurological condition that from time to time produces brief disturbances in the normal electrical functions of the brain. Seizures are a symptom of epilepsy. Seizures are not painful and the person does not remember having one.  There are many different types of seizures. People may experience just one type or more than one. Experts divide seizures into generalized seizures (absence, atonic, tonic- clonic, myoclonic), partial (simple and complex) seizures, nonepileptic seizures and status epilepticus. Students with seizure disorders are never allowed to work at heights, climb ladders, work with hazardous machinery and have special precautions regarding waterway activities (as there is a risk of drowning).
  8. 8. 08/20/15 8 First Aid for SeizuresFirst Aid for Seizures  Observe the type and time of the seizure. Position the student on his/her side to prevent blockage of the airway from tongue, saliva or vomit.  Protect the student from getting hurt; remove harmful objects from the student’s pathway or gently coax away from them. Use a soft, calm voice when talking to the student. NEVER place anything in their mouth!!  Protect the student from embarrassment.  If the seizure lasts for 5 minutes or more, have the Administrative Office call 911.  If the seizure is less than 5 minutes but the student appears to be having one right after another, call 911.  If the student is a diabetic and having a seizure, notify the school nurse and call 911.
  9. 9. 08/20/15 9 DiabetesDiabetes  Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin.  Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.  The student who does not produce insulin needs to check their blood sugar - sometimes more than once a day - and give themselves an insulin injection: either by drawing up a dose in a syringe, giving a prefilled insulin pen dose, or entering a dose given through an insulin pump. The school nurse will discuss with you the needs of each individual student with diabetes.
  10. 10. 08/20/15 10 SeizuresSuddencrying Unconsciousness/comaInability toswallow Dazed appearanceExtremetiredness/fatigue RestlessnessIrritability/frustration ConfusionYawning MODERATETO SEVERE SYMPTOMS Increased heart rate/palpitations Dilated pupilsBlurry vision AnxietyPaleness SweatingWeakness Behavior changesShakiness SleepinessHunger MILD SYMPTOMS Hypoglycemia:Hypoglycemia: Possible Signs & SymptomsPossible Signs & Symptoms
  11. 11. 08/20/15 11 What to do if your student shows symptoms ofWhat to do if your student shows symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar):hypoglycemia (low blood sugar):  If symptoms of low blood sugar and conscious and able to swallow give:  Glucose tablets: 3 to 4 OR Glucose gel 31mgm tube amount: 1/2 - 2/3 of tube : Must follow specific Doctor order for child!  If not available give: cake icing (1 tsp = 4 grams) 4 - 5 tsp. OR Honey or maple syrup: 3 - 4 tsp. OR Orange or apple juice: 3/4 - 1 cup OR Table sugar 4- 5 tsp. OR Regular Soda 5-6 oz OR milk 8 - 10 oz OR Life savers: 5 - 7. OR Raisins 3 tablespoons  Usually follow with a snack of complex carbs. Student is to repeat finger stick blood sugar after 15 minutes of ingestion.
  12. 12.  If student is unconscious or having a seizure 911 needs to be called immediately. The school nurse or delegate will administer glucagon intramuscularly, if ordered.  Trained staff volunteer delegates can administer intramuscular glucagon for severe life-threatening HYPOglycemia.  Notify School Nurse. If nurse is not available notify Administrative Office. Consider calling 911. The student should show improvement within 15-20 minutes after treatment with glucose/sugar source. 08/20/15 12
  13. 13. 08/20/15 13 Life-Threatening Allergic ReactionsLife-Threatening Allergic Reactions  A person can have a severe allergic reaction resulting in death!  Common allergens include, but are not limited to, bees/wasps, foods like peanuts, soy, tree nuts, milk, and items contains latex. – The student is to avoid the allergen! During celebrations know what your student(s) is(are) allergic to! Avoid latex balloons! SIGNS OF AN ALLERGIC REACTION INCLUDE: SYSTEMS: SYMPTOMS:  MOUTH/FACE Itching, swelling of lips, tongue, or mouth. Swelling of face, area around eyes.  THROAT Itching and/or a sense of tightness in the throat, hoarseness, hacking cough  SKIN Hives, itchy rash, and/or swelling about the face or extremities, cold/clammy skin.  GUT Nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, and/or diarrhea  LUNG Shortness of breath, repetitive coughing, and/or wheezing  HEART Thread like or weak pulse, passing out The severity of symptoms can quickly change!
  14. 14. 08/20/15 14 Treatment for life threatening allergy…Treatment for life threatening allergy… ANAPHYLAXIS!ANAPHYLAXIS!  DO NOT HESITATE TO HAVE THE STUDENT ADMINISTER THEIR OWN EPINEPHRINE AND NOTIFY SCHOOL NURSE OR ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE TO CALL 911!  Trained staff volunteer delegates can administer epinephrine via an auto-injector. See nurse for training specific to each student. We need volunteers especially for after-school programs, field trips, etc. Know where that student’s Epi-Pen is located. Pull off the gray safety cap, place black tip on outer thigh, push EPI-PEN against thigh – do NOT remove clothing - until unit activates (you will hear/feel a strong click). Hold in place several seconds (count to 10). Massage injection area for 10 seconds. Discard unit in safe container until it can be placed in a sharps container. WAS 911 CALLED? ALWAYS CALL EVEN IF THE STUDENT IS BETTER!  SEE Health Guidelines for students WITH SEVERE ALLERGIES AND FIRST AID GUIDELINES.
  15. 15. 08/20/15 15 Where to Get More InformationWhere to Get More Information Epilepsy Foundation http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/about/faq/index.cfm SchoolAsthmaAllergy.com http://www.schoolasthmaallergy.com/ PADRE Foundation (teens with diabetes) http://www.padrefoundation.org/resources.html The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network http://www.foodallergy.org/downloads.html The Pediatric/Adult Asthma Coalition of New Jersey http://www.pacnj.org
  16. 16. Thank you!Thank you! Please see your school nurse if you have ANY questions or concerns. It is important that you be aware of your students’ medical needs and how to help them when needed! 08/20/15 16

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